GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Jun 2018, 10:22

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

VP
VP
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 1468
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: 339 Q170 V169
Re: Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2017, 19:55
arijitdas31 wrote:
Can someone please explain the structure of the sentence"Sound can do X, its _____". Is the second part a modifier?
Yes, that's right. Take a look at this post. For what it's worth, this type of modifier doesn't seem to be very common, but test takers should be aware of it.
_________________

Ascore Prep | Bangalore

Expert Post
Top Contributor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4310
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Sep 2017, 07:34
Top Contributor
1
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.

1) prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
2)prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
3) its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
4) its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as a result of
5) preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

The whole issue here is about the modification of the comma plus verb+ed modifier' 'prevented'. It is an error to think that the participle 'comma plus prevented' can modify the distant 'sound'. A past participle modifier separated by a comma and intercepting a clause can only modify the nearest noun namely distances, which is devoid of any meaning in the contest.

Therefore, we can safely dump A and B.

Nor is it any more sensible to say that sound prevented its own acoustic energy from dissipation in order to be able to travel long distances as in E.

Between C and D, it doesn't take too long to kick out D for using the phrase 'being dissipated' as a modifier. Therefore, it is a cake-walk for C.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Feb 2016
Posts: 14
Re: Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Dec 2017, 22:01
GMATNinja, could you help figuring out the difference between option C and E?
Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3201
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Dec 2017, 07:33
deepakgarg1373 wrote:
GMATNinja, could you help figuring out the difference between option C and E?


A present participle ("-ing") modifier may refer to the subject of the preceding clause. In E, the present participle "preventing.." refers to the subject of the previous clause ("sound") - the meaning implied is that the sound itself prevents its (own) acoustic energy from dissipating.

C does not convey this faulty meaning.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 Feb 2015
Posts: 3
Re: Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2018, 03:31
Hi,

Why option 'C' can't be a run on sentence, as it has two clauses. I eliminated this because it has two clauses without any connector.
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 938
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2018, 04:17
1
suresh918 wrote:
Hi,

Why option 'C' can't be a run on sentence, as it has two clauses. I eliminated this because it has two clauses without any connector.

Hi suresh918, a run-on sentence is when two Independent clauses are connected by a comma.

In C, following is not an Independent clause.

its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by...

It is, what's called, an Absolute modifier: Noun (its acoustic energy) + Noun-modifier (prevented from dissipating by...)

By the way, prevented is used as a past participle here, and not as a verb.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Absolute Modifier, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 25 Jul 2017
Posts: 58
Re: Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2018, 02:52
1
Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of boundaries in the ocean created by water layers of different temperatures and densities.
(A) prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of
(B) prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by
(C) its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by
(D) its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as a result of
(E) preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by

POE: I am putting all my learning from all the experts. GMATNinja daagh mikemcgarry egmat. Please correct me if my learning is wrong.
(A) prevented from dissipating its acoustic energy as a result of- WRONG- Since Verb-ed modifier modifies the preceding noun or the noun phrase therefore, “prevented” here modifies “enormous distance” which is not logically right. It should modify “acoustic energy”
(B) prevented from having its acoustic energy dissipated by- Same as A
(C) its acoustic energy prevented from dissipating by- Correct- IC+comma(,)+ Noun phrase (giving extra information) – Right construction- No problem with clear meaning. Let's keep it for a while till we get a better option
(D) its acoustic energy prevented from being dissipated as a result of – First usage of BEING is incorrect. From Daagh’s explanation I have taken this “Whenever you see, ‘being’, ask what is being or who is being. If you get a positive answer, then ‘being’ is a modifier and that structure is unacceptable in GMAT.” Here what is being? “Accoustic Energy”. We get the positive answer. Hence out.
(E) preventing its acoustic energy from dissipating by – WRONG- Whenever Verbing is used, it modifies the preceding clause and is associated with the subject of the preceding clause. Here SOUND is the subject, and it is not PREVENTING “its acoustic energy from dissipating”. Illogical.

Hence C is the answer.
Re: Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from   [#permalink] 19 May 2018, 02:52

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 27 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Sound can travel through water for enormous distances, prevented from

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.