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Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c.

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Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. [#permalink]

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Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. the ice cap that covered northern Asia, Europe, and America began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied by migrating peoples moving northward.

A. began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied
B. began melting, to uncover vast new areas to be occupied
C. began, by melting, to uncover vast new areas for occupation
D. began, after melting, uncovering vast new areas which are to be occupied
E. would begin to uncover, through melting, vast new areas for occupation

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Re: Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. [#permalink]

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Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. the ice cap that covered northern Asia, Europe, and America began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied by migrating peoples moving northward.

A. began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied
Correct
B. began melting, to uncover vast new areas to be occupied
- - Changes the original intent of the sentence, conveying ICE CAPS began uncovering vast areas DIRECTLY. Original intent is "Vast areas were uncovered as a result of Melting
C. began, by melting, to uncover vast new areas for occupation
- Changes the original intent of the sentence, conveying ICE CAPS began uncovering vast areas DIRECTLY. Original intent is "Vast areas were uncovered as a result of Melting
D. began, after melting, uncovering vast new areas which are to be occupied
- "UNCOVERING" changes the original intent of the sentence, conveying ICE CAPS began uncovering vast areas DIRECTLY. Original intent is "Vast areas were uncovered as a result of Melting.
E. would begin to uncover, through melting, vast areas for occupation
- Use of "WOULD" is incorrect since it means that Melting would begin in sometime. Moreover, "WOULD BEGIN TO UNCOVER" changes the original intent of the sentence, conveying ICE CAPS began uncovering vast areas DIRECTLY. Original intent is "Vast areas were uncovered as a result of Melting.

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Re: Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 04:29
Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. the ice cap that covered northern Asia, Europe, and America began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied by migrating peoples moving northward.
A. began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied –Correct
B. began melting, to uncover vast new areas to be occupied – to uncover is illogical as it was not an intent
C. began, by melting, to uncover vast new areas for occupation to uncover is illogical as it was not an intent
D. began, after melting, uncovering vast new areas which are to be occupied – changes the meaning – the causal relationship between melting of ice caps and uncovering is lost ; Also which is incorrect as we need a comma before it
E. would begin to uncover, through melting, vast new areas for occupation – changes the meaning the causal relationship between melting of ice caps and uncovering is lost

Answer A
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Re: Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 05:16
Hello Team,
I have a query related to option A. I selected the correct answer based on PoE. In option A, we have ???ing verb used correctly to depict the result of some action i.e. the result of melting of ice cap. My query is for the verb tense. Why is ???were to???
considered correct in this sentence? Shouldn???t we be using, ideally, would in this scenario to depict something that happened in the future from past perspective?

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Re: Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. [#permalink]

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warriorguy wrote:
Hello Team,
I have a query related to option A. I selected the correct answer based on PoE. In option A, we have ???ing verb used correctly to depict the result of some action i.e. the result of melting of ice cap. My query is for the verb tense. Why is ???were to???
considered correct in this sentence? Shouldn???t we be using, ideally, would in this scenario to depict something that happened in the future from past perspective?


I think I agree with everything you've said here, warriorguy! Process of elimination should lead you to the right answer, even if you think "were to be" sounds ridiculous, or isn't an ideal form of the verb. You're always looking for four wrong answers -- and you've found them, so (A) must be correct. And that's the right way to approach everything on SC.

I also agree that "would be occupied" or "would later be occupied" or even "were later occupied" would be decent alternatives to "were to be occupied." But there's nothing wrong with "were to be": it's just another way to express the future from the vantage point of the past. Technically, I think it's a form of the past subjunctive that's almost never used in modern American English, so it sounds a little bit archaic to us. I'd never use it in real life, but it's not wrong.

In my opinion, (A) "sounds bad" in its current form, but sound NEVER matters. It's still the right answer, even if it sounds like hot garbage. ;)

I hope this helps!
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elegantm wrote:
Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. the ice cap that covered northern Asia, Europe, and America began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied by migrating peoples moving northward.

A. began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied
Correct
B. began melting, to uncover vast new areas to be occupied
- - Changes the original intent of the sentence, conveying ICE CAPS began uncovering vast areas DIRECTLY. Original intent is "Vast areas were uncovered as a result of Melting
C. began, by melting, to uncover vast new areas for occupation
- Changes the original intent of the sentence, conveying ICE CAPS began uncovering vast areas DIRECTLY. Original intent is "Vast areas were uncovered as a result of Melting
D. began, after melting, uncovering vast new areas which are to be occupied
- "UNCOVERING" changes the original intent of the sentence, conveying ICE CAPS began uncovering vast areas DIRECTLY. Original intent is "Vast areas were uncovered as a result of Melting.
E. would begin to uncover, through melting, vast areas for occupation
- Use of "WOULD" is incorrect since it means that Melting would begin in sometime. Moreover, "WOULD BEGIN TO UNCOVER" changes the original intent of the sentence, conveying ICE CAPS began uncovering vast areas DIRECTLY. Original intent is "Vast areas were uncovered as a result of Melting.



Hello elegantm,


You have done a very good analysis of this official question. You actually applied the meaning approach to solve this one, that's really commendable. Keep up the good job. :)

I would just like to add that Choice B is worded such that it seems to suggest that the ice caps started melting with the intent to uncover vast areas. This is most certainly not the intended meaning as you have correctly pointed out in your analysis.

What you have mentioned about Choice B is certainly suitable for Choice C.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2017, 20:35
GMATNinja wrote:
warriorguy wrote:
Hello Team,
I have a query related to option A. I selected the correct answer based on PoE. In option A, we have ???ing verb used correctly to depict the result of some action i.e. the result of melting of ice cap. My query is for the verb tense. Why is ???were to???
considered correct in this sentence? Shouldn???t we be using, ideally, would in this scenario to depict something that happened in the future from past perspective?


I think I agree with everything you've said here, warriorguy! Process of elimination should lead you to the right answer, even if you think "were to be" sounds ridiculous, or isn't an ideal form of the verb. You're always looking for four wrong answers -- and you've found them, so (A) must be correct. And that's the right way to approach everything on SC.

I also agree that "would be occupied" or "would later be occupied" or even "were later occupied" would be decent alternatives to "were to be occupied." But there's nothing wrong with "were to be": it's just another way to express the future from the vantage point of the past. Technically, I think it's a form of the past subjunctive that's almost never used in modern American English, so it sounds a little bit archaic to us. I'd never use it in real life, but it's not wrong.

In my opinion, (A) "sounds bad" in its current form, but sound NEVER matters. It's still the right answer, even if it sounds like hot garbage. ;)

I hope this helps!



Thanks for the clarification GMATNinja.

So takeaway from this question for me is that : both would and were are eligible to depict a future event from past PoV.

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Re: Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2017, 10:08
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The melting was just incidental and not intentional. Therefore, the infinitive 'to uncover' is out of sync. Drop B, C, and E. Between A and D, " the phrase, 'which are to be occupied' in D makes no sense as if these areas are waiting for some 16000 years for someone to occupy. A is the best available among all
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Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2017, 01:17
Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. the ice cap that covered northern Asia, Europe, and America began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied by migrating peoples moving northward.

A.began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied
B.began melting, to uncover vast new areas to be occupied
C.began, by melting, to uncover vast new areas for occupation
D.began, after melting, uncovering vast new areas which are to be occupied
E.would begin to uncover, through melting, vast new areas for occupation

Tagging GMATNinja

In D What uncovering is modifying? -ing modifier should nearest action (after melting).
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New post 09 Oct 2017, 06:15
NandishSS wrote:
Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c. the ice cap that covered northern Asia, Europe, and America began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied by migrating peoples moving northward.

A.began to melt, uncovering vast new areas that were to be occupied
B.began melting, to uncover vast new areas to be occupied
C.began, by melting, to uncover vast new areas for occupation
D.began, after melting, uncovering vast new areas which are to be occupied
E.would begin to uncover, through melting, vast new areas for occupation

Tagging GMATNinja

In D What uncovering is modifying? -ing modifier should nearest action (after melting).




Hello NandishSS,


I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)


In Choice D, the word uncovering is not a modifier. It is a verb-ing noun word (gerund).

The sentence with Choice D actually says the ice cap began uncovering vast new areas after melting.

Basically, the modifier after melting has been placed between the two commas. So, the comma before uncovering does not belong to this word.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Between 14,000 and 8,000 b.c.   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2017, 06:15
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