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# Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an

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Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2008, 18:33
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Question Stats:

100% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions

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Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because
it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
with all other pollutants.
A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s
ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s
capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the
respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory
system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s
ability to deal

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Director
Joined: 14 Aug 2007
Posts: 726

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06 Aug 2008, 18:59
marshpa wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because
it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
with all other pollutants.
A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s
capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system in dealing(wordy)
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s ability to deal

Between A & D,

Will go for A because D is wordy compared to A.

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Intern
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 39

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06 Aug 2008, 22:07
Special which means unique does not suit here. Especial means more than expected clearly convey the message. So rule out D and E.
B: Change the meaning
C: Wordy

A is correct

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SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1792

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Location: New York

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07 Aug 2008, 12:22
marshpa wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because
it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
with all other pollutants.
A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s
ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s
capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the
respiratory system in dealing
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory
system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s
ability to deal

A looks good.

capability vs ability

Bush is capable of doing X -- means, he has the potential of doing X.
Bush is not able to do X -- means, (here we are not talking about capability. He might be having capablity and he can't do because of other circumstances.)

diminish RS's ability is correct
diminish RS's capability -- incorrect

Specially vs Especially
Specially means "particularly, in a disintguishing manner, or for a particular purpose."
Especially means "exceptionally, in a noteworthy manner, or particularly."

Example: This program has specially designed macros for word processors.
(A distinctive purpose)
Example: He did especially well in All-Star Game.
(A noteworthy performance)
http://englishplus.com/grammar/00000287.htmIn

In this question, we can't eliminate with specially vs especially (correct me if I am wrong)
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VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1374

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07 Aug 2008, 18:54
marshpa wrote:
Sulfur dioxide, a major contributor to acid rain, is an especially serious pollutant because
it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
with all other pollutants.
A. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the respiratory system’s ability to deal
B. an especially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s capability of dealing
C. an especially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the
respiratory system in dealing-> capability to is correct idiom
D. a specially serious pollutant because it diminishes the capability of the respiratory
system to deal
E. a specially serious pollutant because of diminishing the respiratory system’s
ability to deal

I will go for D

usage of especially
especially for u
especially,when you talk about X Y matters

hence this is not used as an adjective
sulphur is a specially serious pollutant ---> sounds better
sulphur is an especially serious pollutant

OA ??
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Its Now Or Never

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Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
Posts: 960

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06 May 2009, 09:30
I would think A) is wrong because "IT" can refer to acid rain or sulfur dioxide.

Is this correct?

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Re: SC-specially vs especially.   [#permalink] 06 May 2009, 09:30
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