GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 15 Dec 2019, 08:54

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Apr 2016
Posts: 84
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jul 2017, 01:13
I am not able to spot the parallel elements in the correct sentence.

Are they - performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year....and he hopes (in which case how can 'performed', a participle, be parallel with 'he', a pronoun?)

Can someone please clarify?
Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3564
Reviews Badge
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jul 2017, 04:32
1
ameyaprabhu wrote:
I am not able to spot the parallel elements in the correct sentence.

Are they - performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year....and he hopes (in which case how can 'performed', a participle, be parallel with 'he', a pronoun?)

Can someone please clarify?


Hi ameyaprabhu ,

The two parallel elements in this sentence are

1. The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed ...
2. he hopes to continue composing ...

These two are joined together by "comma, and".

I hope that makes sense. :)
_________________
My LinkedIn abhimahna.
My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog
GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 21 Sep 2016
Posts: 35
Location: India
GMAT 1: 430 Q38 V13
GPA: 3.55
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Aug 2017, 04:55
Why is answer choice B wrong?IMO its right
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 12 Nov 2016
Posts: 694
Location: United States
Schools: Yale '18
GMAT 1: 650 Q43 V37
GRE 1: Q157 V158
GPA: 2.66
The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Aug 2017, 18:04
souvik101990 wrote:
The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.

A. winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping
B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping
C. having won prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, hoping
D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes
E. having won prestigious awards both in London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he hopes


The correct idiom is "at such a young age." Secondly, with sentences that have a lot going on it's important to zoom out and understand the main idea. The reason C is correct is because if we took out the clause "winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age" then we would have


The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, and he hopes to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.

D
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 417
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 12:01
The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.

A. winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping
B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping
C. having won prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, hoping
D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes
E. having won prestigious awards both in London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he hopes
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2930
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 15:15
ameyaprabhu wrote:
I am not able to spot the parallel elements in the correct sentence.

Are they - performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year....and he hopes (in which case how can 'performed', a participle, be parallel with 'he', a pronoun?)

Can someone please clarify?



Hello ameyaprabhu,

I understand that your query has already been answered< However, here I present my two cents on the same. :-)

There are two parallel lists in this sentence as we see in the correct answer choice as follows:

1. The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed... and he hopes...

2. both London and Tokyo. Since the sentence uses the idiom both X and Y, and Y must be logically and grammatically to each other.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2930
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Sep 2017, 15:20
Saumya2403 wrote:
Why is answer choice B wrong?IMO its right



Hello Saumya2403,

I will be glad to help you out with one. :-)

Following are the errors in Choice B:

1. Parallelism Error leading to Meaning Error

To understand this error, let’s look at the sentence this choice forms:

•The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year,
•winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age,
•and hoping to continue composing •now that he has returned to Chicago.



As you can see above, this choice coveys whatever the musician hopes to do in the form of a verb-ing modifier, making it parallel with the verb–ing modifier winning. Because of this construction, the meaning that comes out is that the musician hopes to carry on with composing music because he performed internationally- as though it were a result of his performances. This certainly is not the intended meaning.

2. Modifier Error

As per the intended meaning, the modifier now that he has returned to Chicago adds to the meaning of the previous action, giving us a reason for the musician’s hope. However, this choice gives the action of hope in the form of the verb–ing modifier hoping, which in this case becomes a result of the musician’s performances. Because of this construction, the modifier now that he has returned to Chicago does not make sense anymore – we already have another reason for the hope.

3. Parallelism Error

The expression both X and Y form a dual parallelism marker, implying that whatever construction follows both has to follow and too for the sentence to be parallel. However, as you can see below, in Choice B, both is followed by a preposition in but and is not:


…winning prestigious awards
•both in London
•and Tokyo…

The correct construction could be either of the following two:


…winning prestigious awards in
•both London
•and Tokyo …

OR


…winning prestigious awards
•both in London
•and in Tokyo …


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 28 Jan 2018
Posts: 149
Location: Taiwan
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GPA: 3.34
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jan 2018, 03:41
The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.

A. winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping
B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping
C. having won prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, hoping
D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes
E. having won prestigious awards both in London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he hopes

*in both "X" and "Y" =/= both "in X" and "Y"
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Jun 2018
Posts: 1
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jul 2018, 06:28
i noticed that “he hopes” in choice D with a different tense from “The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed” ,so why this don't make D to be incorrect?
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Jun 2017
Posts: 3
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20
GMAT 1: 730 Q60 V60
GPA: 4
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2018, 04:00
Choice A and E are eliminated because they use conjunction 'both' and 'as well as'.
Choice C is also eliminated since 'So' is used to describe Adj+Noun ('So' has to be used to describe only Adj and Such to describe Adj+Noun).
Choice B is eliminated because it uses 'and' to begin a modifier.

So, This leaves us with Answer choice 'D' which doesn't have above mentioned errors.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Jun 2017
Posts: 3
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20
GMAT 1: 730 Q60 V60
GPA: 4
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jul 2018, 04:05
inter32fu wrote:
i noticed that “he hopes” in choice D with a different tense from “The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed” ,so why this don't make D to be incorrect?


There is nothing wrong in writing two independent clauses with different tenses.

Ex: I failed in the previous exam, but I want to pass the next one.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 14 Aug 2012
Posts: 78
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 620 Q43 V33
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V38
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2018, 03:42
Hi,

Does anyone have a good reference for these types of structures? I am having trouble deciding when ING modifiers are appropriate and when they are not.
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 719
The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 09 Apr 2019, 10:40
Hello Everyone!

Let's take a closer look at this question, one issue at a time, and narrow down the options quickly to get to the right answer! To begin, here is the original question with any major differences between the options highlighted in orange:

The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.

A. winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping
B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping
C. having won prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, hoping
D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes
E. having won prestigious awards both in London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he hopes

After a quick glance over the options, there are several things we can focus on:

1. winning vs. having won
2. in both vs. both in
3. and vs. as well as
4. at so young an age vs. at such a young age
5. and he is hoping / and hoping / hoping / and he hopes


When there are so many differences, it's best to start with ones you are most comfortable dealing with. The one that jumps out the most to me is #4 on our list: at so young an age vs. at such a young age. This is an easy place for me to start because it's an idiom that I'm familiar with. I know that the phrase "at such a young age" is the correct way to say that, so let's eliminate the other options that use the wrong wording:

A. winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping
B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping
C. having won prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, hoping
D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes
E. having won prestigious awards both in London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he hopes

We can eliminate options A, C, & E because they use the phrase "as so young an age," which isn't idiomatically correct! If you begin your focus on issues you're most familiar with, you can eliminate options quickly and move on to more complicated issues.

Now that we're down to only 2 options, let's move on to #2 on our list: in both vs. both in. While both phrases can be used correctly in English, they need to use parallel structure. If the word "in" comes after "both," it needs to be included with both items. If the word "in" comes before "both," it doesn't go with both items:

both in X and in Y = PARALLEL
both in X and Y = NOT PARALLEL

in both X and Y = PARALLEL
in both X and in Y = NOT PARALLEL

Let's see how each option handles this:

B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping --> both in X and Y = NOT PARALLEL
D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes --> in both X and Y = PARALLEL

There you go - option D is the correct choice! There are many different ways you can get to the right option, depending on what grammar skills you're most comfortable with. When faced with several options, always start with the easiest ones for you to tackle!


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.
_________________
"Students study. GMAT assassins train."
Image


The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★

Originally posted by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 29 Jan 2019, 11:05.
Last edited by EMPOWERgmatVerbal on 09 Apr 2019, 10:40, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Sep 2018
Posts: 102
Location: India
The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Mar 2019, 17:28
The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work all over Europe, Asia, and North America last year, winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping to continue composing now that he has returned to Chicago.

A. winning prestigious awards in both London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he is hoping
B. winning prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and hoping
C. having won prestigious awards both in London and Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, hoping
D. winning prestigious awards in both London and Tokyo for his achievement at such a young age, and he hopes
E. having won prestigious awards both in London as well as Tokyo for his achievement at so young an age, and he hopes


We will look into some issue like:

"BOTH X AND Y ( X,Y SHOULD BE PARALLEL), At Such is correct. At So (Wrong) So Eliminate A,C,E.

A.both London as well as Tokyo ( wrong : and is missing) same issue for E. So and A and E (Wrong)
B.both in London and Tokyo ( Again X and Y are not parallel.Should be in London and in Tokyo) (Wrong)
C. Same as B ( Wrong)
D....... Is the correct Answer.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Mar 2019
Posts: 5
The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 May 2019, 22:41
I was confused between B and D
In B, winning and hoping are parallel.
In D, London and Tokyo are parallel.
Why is option D correct ??
Can someone explain me please
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Mar 2019
Posts: 5
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 May 2019, 22:46
I am confused between B and D
In B, winning and hoping are parallel
In D, London and Tokyo are parallel
Then why option D is correct?
Can someone please explain me.

Posted from my mobile device
SVP
SVP
User avatar
D
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1592
Location: India
Schools: ISB
GPA: 3.31
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 May 2019, 23:49
1
Hi Meghna, the usage of present participle phrase (for example hoping... in option B) is justified only when there is some relationship that the participle phrase has with the main clause of the sentence.

In this case,

i) Pianist and composer performed last year
ii) Now he hopes to continue composing

So, these are two separate activities and hence, the use of present participle is not justified here.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Participial phrases, its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________
Thanks,
Ashish
GMAT-99th Percentile, MBA - ISB Hyderabad
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Contact us for Classroom sessions in Bangalore and Private Tutoring worldwide
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Sep 2018
Posts: 102
Location: India
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 May 2019, 03:55
Both X and Y
Both in London and Tokyo ( wrong) it should be in Tokyo

Both London and Tokyo (Correct)> Opt D is correct.
CEO
CEO
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 3063
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 May 2019, 22:25
MeghnaIjjapureddy wrote:
I am confused between B and D
In B, winning and hoping are parallel
As BijayKru pointed out, there is a problem in the both X and Y construction in option B. Both X and Y and both in X and in Y would have been fine, but option B has both in London and Tokyo.
_________________
Director
Director
avatar
P
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 931
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 May 2019, 10:39
in choice D, why "he" is needed. we need only "hopes". in many OA in og books, the subject is not repeated before the second verb.

some questions test the split between a choice with subject is retained as in choice d and a choice without subject in the second clause.

pls, explain
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al   [#permalink] 24 May 2019, 10:39

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3    Next  [ 42 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The 19-year-old pianist and composer performed his most recent work al

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne