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The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed�

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The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed� [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 May 2018, 03:12
Question 1
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A
B
C
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E

Question Stats:

49% (01:32) correct 51% (01:37) wrong based on 39

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Question 2
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A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

66% (00:42) correct 34% (00:19) wrong based on 38

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Question 3
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B
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E

Question Stats:

18% (00:16) correct 82% (01:26) wrong based on 38

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The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed� continues the ignorant tradition of demonizing electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the media (the very use of the anachronistic and misleading phrase �shock therapy� is unwarranted) without presenting the compelling reasons for its continued use. Most of the facts and quotations in the article, including the gratuitous final paragraph about pigs in an abattoir, are simply taken from an article by Davar in �Issues in Medical Ethics�, without questioning whether Davar�s presentation of the issue is an unbiased and scientifically accurate one. What Ms. Davar, and by extension Ms. Jain, has done is simply cite authorities who agree with her point of view, quote statistics without context, use an abundance of negative adjectives, and ignore outright the empirically proven benefits (often life-saving) of ECT in many categories of mentally-ill patients. This is shabby and irresponsible medical journalism. While this is not the place to dispute, point-by-point, Ms. Davar�s presentation of her position and Ms. Jain�s repetition of it, I would like to quote, to counter their negative emphasis, from Andrew Solomon�s widely read, intensively researched, highly respected book, The Noonday Demon: An Anatomy of Depression. Solomon writes: �Antidepressants are effective [against major depression] about 50 percent of the time, perhaps a bit more; ECT seems to have some significant impact between 75 and 90 percent of the time.

Many patients feel substantially better within a few days of having an ECT treatment � a boon particularly striking in contrast to the long, slow process of medication response. ECT is particularly appropriate for the severely suicidal � for patients who repeatedly injure themselves and whose situation is therefore mortally urgent � because of its rapid action and high response rate, and it is used in pregnant women, the sick, and the elderly, because it does not have the systemic side effects or drug-interaction problems of most medications.�

There are, indeed, problems with the administration of ECT, especially in a country like India with its poor health infrastructure. It would be foolish to deny that the practice is subject to abuse (as Solomon and numerous Indian writers report). The continued use of �direct� ECT (without the use of an anesthetic) is certainly a matter of concern � and a concerted effort to implement national guidelines making �modified� ECT (using an anesthetic) mandatory is as necessary as it is laudatory. But we can all do without more pieces of journalism which perpetuate the myth that ECT is a medically unjustified, indeed barbaric practice, tantamount to torture. This ignorant view, equally prevalent in the West as it is in India, has more to do with movies like One Flew Over The Cuckoo�s Nest than with scientific fact.



1. It can be inferred that the author believes that the author of the article mentioned in the first line


I fails to question her source material rigorously
II includes unwarranted matter
III uses an excess of pejorative terms
A. I only
B. I and II only
C. I and III only
D. III only
E. I, II and III


2. The author�s attitude towards ECT is best described as a

A. determined neutrality
B. mild criticism
C. wholehearted approbation
D. qualified approval
E. laudatory justification


3. The author�s makes his point primarily by

A. offering a particular authority as a counterview
B. attacking one author�s lack of social responsibility
C. criticizing the mindset of medical journalists
D. a reasoned discussion of the merits and demerits of a therapy
E. offering an objective evaluation



Adapted from an article written by Jay Vithalani (used with permission of the author)

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Originally posted by SajjadAhmad on 03 Feb 2017, 06:05.
Last edited by SajjadAhmad on 17 May 2018, 03:12, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed� [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2017, 08:57
Indeed difficult passage. Can anybody explain the ans of question 2 and 3?
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Re: The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed� [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2017, 01:08
1
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
Indeed difficult passage. Can anybody explain the ans of question 2 and 3?



2. The author�s attitude towards ECT is best described as a

Before looking at the choices , we can infer that the Author supports using ECT for mentally depressed patients. His support is reflected through out the passage but he also expressed in the last para the demerits and the need of control in using ECT. Keeping this in mind evaluate the answer choices.

A. determined neutrality He is for ECT. hence worng
B. mild criticism He is not criticizing ECT.
C. wholehearted approbation Not sure what approbation is ? Lets reevaluate this later
D. qualified approval This sounds right in tune with his tone through out the passage
E. laudatory justification He is not just laudatory but also expresses the need of control

3. The author�s makes his point primarily by

Before looking at the answer choices lets reflect on the structure of the passage.
A view point published in an article is presented and a counter viewpoint that the author endorses is presented. The author in the end also expresses what he thinks are the demerits and suggestions to make ECT better.

A. offering a particular authority as a counter-view Seems right
B. attacking one author�s lack of social responsibility Its no where implied
C. criticizing the mindset of medical journalists He is not criticizing the mindset of anyone. simply advocating for ECT by presenting actual information
D. a reasoned discussion of the merits and demerits of a therapy he is discussing the merits of it by presenting a counter view.Hence A seems right
E. offering an objective evaluation This is not an objective evaluation. He presents his viewpoint


If there is a better explanation for Question 3, Please explain.
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Re: The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed� [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2018, 03:29
What are the answers....

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Re: The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed� [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2018, 15:36
The article ???Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed???
continues the ignorant tradition of demonizing electroconvulsive
therapy (ECT) in the media (the very use of the anachronistic
and misleading phrase ???shock therapy??? is unwarranted) without
5 presenting the compelling reasons for its continued use.

1. It can be inferred that the author believes that the author of the article mentioned in the first line
I fails to question her source material rigorously
-> without 5 presenting the compelling reasons for its continued use
II includes unwarranted matter
-> the very use of the anachronistic and misleading phrase 'shock therapy' is unwarranted
III uses an excess of pejorative terms
-> continues the ignorant tradition
A. I only
B. I and II only
C. I and III only
D. III only
E. I, II and III -> correct


The author criticizes not the ECT itself but its abuse.
There are some effects about ECT itself in 1st paragraph
So the author's attitude towards ECT is approval.

2. The author???s attitude towards ECT is best described as a

A. determined neutrality -> There is no neutrality
B. mild criticism -> The author does not criticize ECT itself.
C. wholehearted approbation -> There is some critic about the abuse of ECT, so it is hard to say wholehearted approbation.
D. qualified approval -> Keep
E. laudatory justification -> Same as C

So D is correct


3. The author???s makes his point primarily by

A. offering a particular authority as a counterview
-> Keep
'I would like to quote to counter their negative 20 emphasis, from Solomon's widely ~ '
B. attacking one author???s lack of social responsibility
-> Not just one author's lack of social responsibility
C. criticizing the mindset of medical journalists
-> Keep
'This is shabby and irresponsible medical journalism'
D. a reasoned discussion of the merits and demerits of a therapy
-> There is no demerits of a therapy.
E. offering an objective evaluation
-> This argument is not objective.
There is an author's argument.

The author's point of view is criticize. So answer is A.
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Re: The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed� [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2018, 14:16
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Formatted Properly
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Re: The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed�   [#permalink] 19 May 2018, 14:16
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The article �Shock therapy for mental patients will be reviewed�

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