GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 25 May 2019, 00:06

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Oct 2007
Posts: 95
The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 16 Oct 2017, 20:15
2
27
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (00:57) correct 42% (01:04) wrong based on 558 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of American literature, greatly beloved by generations past and present.

(A) The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons

(B) Herman Melville the author and Walt Whitman the poet are icons

(C) The author named Herman Melville and the poet named Walt Whitman are great icons

(D) The author, Herman Melville, and the poet, Walt Whitman, are icons

(E) Herman Melville, the author, and Walt Whitman, the poet, had been icons

Originally posted by namurad on 31 May 2008, 12:16.
Last edited by hazelnut on 16 Oct 2017, 20:15, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Current Student
User avatar
V
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4272
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)
The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 12 Sep 2018, 07:16
4
1
11
The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of American literature, greatly beloved by generations past and present.

A. The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons
B. Herman Melville the author and Walt Whitman the poet are icons
C. The author named Herman Melville and the poet named Walt Whitman are great icons
D. The author, Herman Melville, and the poet, Walt Whitman, are icons
E. Herman Melville, the author, and Walt Whitman, the poet, had been icons


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



The original sentence is correct. The modifiers “Herman Melville” and “Walt Whitman” are restrictive – they are necessary to restrict the scope of the words “author” and “poet” respectively – and hence the use of comma pairs to set off the modifiers is not appropriate here. In addition, the context of the sentence implies that the men continue to be icons of American literature since they are beloved by generations both past and present; hence the use of the present tense “are” is appropriate.

(A) CORRECT. The original sentence is correct as written.

(B) The modifiers “the author” and “the poet” for “Herman Melville” and “Walt Whitman” respectively are non-restrictive – they are not necessary to identify the subjects and only serve to add information – and hence should be set off with comma pairs (e.g., “Herman Melville, the author, and Walt Whitman, the poet, ….”

(C) The phrases “The author named Herman Melville” and “the poet named Walt Whitman” are unnecessarily wordy. In addition, an icon of something has implied greatness; hence, the phrase “great icon” is redundant.

(D) The restrictive modifiers “Herman Melville” and “Walt Whitman” are improperly set off by comma pairs.

(E) The modifiers “the author” and “the poet” are non-restrictive and properly set off with comma pairs. The tense of the verb “had been” is not appropriate since it is implied by the context of this sentence that the men continue to be icons of American literature.
_________________

Originally posted by souvik101990 on 06 Feb 2015, 02:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 12 Sep 2018, 07:16, edited 1 time in total.
EDITED.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 136
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Dec 2013, 00:50
5
Pre-thinking: 'The' refers to things that are specific and also to things that are unique.

The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of American literature, greatly beloved by generations past and present.

A) The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons
Here, 'The' refers to specific person. The author Herman, the poet Keats, the president Mandela etc..
Looks fine. Keep this.

B) Herman Melville the author and Walt Whitman the poet are icons
Here, 'the' refers to someone unique, or rather, a title given to someone. For ex. Christ the redeemer, Theresa the saint etc. 'The saint Theresa' would mean a specific saint Theresa, but 'Theresa the saint' would state the title, Theresa has (for her saintly deeds)
So, B is wrong.

C) The author named Herman Melville and the poet named Walt Whitman are great icons
'named' can act as a verb which means that a particular author named Herman a great icon .... The meaning changes and other errors creep in.
'The author named' can also act as a adjective modifying the noun Herman. Too wordy

D) The author, Herman Melville, and the poet, Walt Whitman, are icons
There are three entities. The author, Herman, and the poet. Absolutely wrong.

E) Herman Melville, the author, and Walt Whitman, the poet, had been icons
Same issue in D. There are three entities. Herman Melville, the author and Walt Whitman. Wrong.
_________________
Read my posts...
What are modifiers ??
General Discussion
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 01 Nov 2010
Posts: 218
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
GMAT Date: 08-27-2012
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Manufacturing)
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 06 Feb 2015, 08:36
1
The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of American literature, greatly beloved by generations past and present.

A. The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons - adjective is placed well to modify Noun. ok.
B. Herman Melville the author and Walt Whitman the poet are icons - not ok
C. The author named Herman Melville and the poet named Walt Whitman are great icons - wordy, not ok.
D. The author, Herman Melville, and the poet, Walt Whitman, are icons - seems ok, except comma .
E. Herman Melville, the author, and Walt Whitman, the poet, had been icons - had been not required. not ok.


still confused between A & D.

Earlier i had chosen D but Edited to A [best fit].
_________________
kudos me if you like my post.

Attitude determine everything.
all the best and God bless you.

Originally posted by 321kumarsushant on 06 Feb 2015, 07:28.
Last edited by 321kumarsushant on 06 Feb 2015, 08:36, edited 1 time in total.
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7686
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2015, 08:55
3
1
321kumarsushant wrote:
The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of American literature, greatly beloved by generations past and present.

A. The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons - adjective is placed well to modify Noun. ok.
B. Herman Melville the author and Walt Whitman the poet are icons - not ok
C. The author named Herman Melville and the poet named Walt Whitman are great icons - wordy, not ok.
D. The author, Herman Melville, and the poet, Walt Whitman, are icons - seems ok, except comma .
E. Herman Melville, the author, and Walt Whitman, the poet, had been icons - had been not required. not ok.


still confused between A & D.

Earlier i had chosen D but Edited to A [best fit].

hi sushant,
commas are reqd to give extra details and the sentence should stand without the commas...
so D would read the author and the poet are icons ..does not make sense..
rather E is closer but for 'had been'
_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 27 Oct 2013
Posts: 205
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT Date: 03-02-2015
GPA: 3.88
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Feb 2015, 02:20
2
Here we go:

by generations past and present. (we are talking present here)

A. The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons
---- Seems correct, hold it----

B. Herman Melville the author and Walt Whitman the poet are icons
--- The author(an adjective(determiners)) and the poet(another adjective(determiners)) are placed after the noun they are modifying.-----

C. The author named Herman Melville and the poet named Walt Whitman are great icons
---- "named" is wordy; alternative in option A is more concise -----

D. The author, Herman Melville, and the poet, Walt Whitman, are icons

--- Re-read -> The author and the poet are icons of American literature (nope)----


E. Herman Melville, the author, and Walt Whitman, the poet, had been icons
--- Could be correct, but we are talking present here---

According to me, Option A is correct
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4763
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2016, 04:00
Something about this question is rather disturbing. ‘Beloved’ can either be a noun or an adjective, but not a verb. If a noun, it cannot be modified by the adverb ‘greatly’. If it is an adjective, then the preposition ‘by’ is a misfit. It should be a proper verb such as ‘greatly loved’. Doubtful if it can stand up to GMAT

To answer Why E is not correct, the choice is using a past perfect ‘had been’ simultaneously along with present generations. ‘Had been’ implies that the ‘belovedness’ is a thing of the deep past. In addition, it lacks a simple past action to justify the use of a past perfect.
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4763
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Feb 2016, 08:51
The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of American literature, greatly beloved by generations past and present.

A. The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons --- The best

B. Herman Melville the author and Walt Whitman the poet are icons – The author and the poet are not split by a comma from their respective nouns. As such, the noun phrases are to be read along with their modifiers as Herman the author. – This is abnormal

C. The author named Herman Melville and the poet named Walt Whitman are great icons – This is wordy. The 'named' part is unnecessary. In addition, the inclusion of the word’ great’ is unsolicited. This is wrong

D. The author, Herman Melville, and the poet, Walt Whitman, are icons --- As per this, Herman and Walt are inessential to the meaning. This is absurd.

E. Herman Melville, the author, and Walt Whitman, the poet, had been icons – ‘had been icons’ is wrong tense. There is no simple past to justify a past perfect. In addition, we cannot use a past perfect that denotes the deep past for a present generation.
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 24 Jul 2014
Posts: 90
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Feb 2016, 04:48
souvik101990 wrote:
The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of American literature, greatly beloved by generations past and present.


daagh

I feel the past participle modifier is misplaced here. Isn't it suppose to modify plural subject The author A and The poet B ?
In that case shouldn't it be placed at the beginning of the sentence ?
_________________
The Mind ~ Muscle Connection
My GMAT Journey is Complete.Going to start the MBA in Information Management from 2016
Good Luck everyone.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2873
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Feb 2016, 06:36
tryambaks wrote:
souvik101990 wrote:
The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of American literature, greatly beloved by generations past and present.


daagh

I feel the past participle modifier is misplaced here. Isn't it suppose to modify plural subject The author A and The poet B ?
In that case shouldn't it be placed at the beginning of the sentence ?


Hi tryambaks,

You have a point. But placing the modifier at the beginning of the sentence would imply that only the author Herman was greatly beloved. The modifier does not necessarily include the poet Walt Whitman.

I would say that the modifier greatly beloved by generations past and present is used as a verb modifier here, modifying the verb are. In this usage the sentence would imply that both the author and the poet are greatly beloved. Verb modifiers are more flexible than noun modifiers and does not need to touch the verbs they refer to.

Consider a simpler example:

Case I: modifier at the end - Jack and Jill went up the hill, excited to see what lies in the well.
(The modifier excited to see what lies in the well modifies the verb went.. and implies that both were excited)

Case II: modifier at the beginning - Excited to see what lies in the well, Jack and Jill went up the hill.
(The modifier Excited to see what lies in the well may refer only to Jack... whatsoever, you may still argue that in this case as well the verb modifier modifies the verb went and hence implies that both were excited. However the first implication, that it is a noun modifier modifying only Jack, is also possible and hence the sentence would be slightly ambiguous.)
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 564
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Sep 2016, 22:42
1
Top Contributor
One way to avoid the error in E is to use a dash.

'Herman Melville - the author - and Walt Whitman - the poet - are ...'
Option D and E refer to three things - 1. Herman Melville 2. the author and 3. Walt Whitman. 'the poet' serves as a non-essential modifier for Walt Whitman.

Also, the usage of past perfect is incorrect in option E. It implies that they no longer are icons of American Literature.
The usage of present tense is correct as it is used to state general truths.

the boldpart 'greatly beloved by generations past ...' is indeed a modifier for the subject of the preceding clause 'the author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman'.

to check if it is a modifier - check if the action 'beloved' was performed by the subject - 'the author Herman Melville ...'. Clearly, the answer is no.
Hence, it functions as a modifier. (here the action 'beloved', when used as a modifier in passive form, must make sense. 'the author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman, who are greatly beloved ..., are icons of American literature' makes sense).
_________________
- CrackVerbal Prep Team

For more info on GMAT and MBA, follow us on @AskCrackVerbal

Register for the Free GMAT Kickstarter Course : http://bit.ly/2DDHKHq

Register for our Personal Tutoring Course : https://www.crackverbal.com/gmat/personal-tutoring/

Join the free 4 part GMAT video training series : http://bit.ly/2DGm8tR
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4763
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Apr 2019, 09:08
Top Contributor
ankaua

One point to remember here is that if we have to cite conventions and rules, we must take them only from GMAT and not from others.

Let's look at this simple thing. A modifyee in the case of an adjectival modifier is always a noun and the modifier is always an adjective. Even if the adjective is in the form of a noun, it plays the role of an adjective. For example, we say the oil price fluctuates daily. The modified noun is the price while the oil, another noun, acts as a modifier. Now we cannot reverse the roles and say price oil. It would not make any sense.

Here in this case who are the icons beloved by the generations? Are they the author and the poet or Herman and Walt? Try to remove the author and the poet from the ambit, and it will make sense to say the Herman and Walt are the icons. Now try to remove Herman and Walt from the picture, and it will wrongly mean that the poet and the author are icons beloved by the generations. I do not think the generic author and the poet make any sense to be the icons.

However, I am keen to know whether this topic is from the Manhattan Prep Company or from the Manhattan Review Company?
_________________
The Take-Away: Grammar First and Then the Rest
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer   [#permalink] 14 Apr 2019, 09:08
Display posts from previous: Sort by

The author Herman Melville and the poet Walt Whitman are icons of Amer

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.