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The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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02 Sep 2015, 22:38
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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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03 Sep 2015, 02:22
Average of 5 numbers = 6.8 Total of 5 numbers = 34
New Average = 9.2 New Total Sum = 46
Difference between Old and New Sum = 12 Difference = 3x  x = 2x = 12 Therefore, value of x must be 6.
The number multiplied by 3 is 6. IMO



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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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03 Sep 2015, 09:26
Bunuel wrote: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied by a factor of 3, the average of the numbers increases to 9.2. What number is multiplied by 3?
(A) 1.5 (B) 3.0 (C) 3.9 (D) 4.0 (E) 6.0
Kudos for a correct solution. The average of 5 numbers is 6.8 The sum of 5 numbers will be 6.8 x 5 = 34 The average of 5 number after one of the number is multiplied by 3 is 9.2 The sum of the numbers will now be 9.2 x 5 = 46 So the sum has increased by 4634 = 12 Let the number multiplied by 3 be n Then, 3n = n+12 or 2n = 12 or n = 6 Answer: E



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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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03 Sep 2015, 09:41
I think the answer should be 4.0 or D... Because when the average to begin with is 6.8 (of the five numbers) that indicates the sum of these five numbers is 6.8*5= 34. When the average is changed to 9.2 then the new sum is edited to 46. The difference between them is 4634= 12 hence there could be number 4 which could be multiplied from the set to give us a new average of 9.2



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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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03 Sep 2015, 10:00
HBSdetermined wrote: I think the answer should be 4.0 or D... Because when the average to begin with is 6.8 (of the five numbers) that indicates the sum of these five numbers is 6.8*5= 34. When the average is changed to 9.2 then the new sum is edited to 46. The difference between them is 4634= 12 hence there could be number 4 which could be multiplied from the set to give us a new average of 9.2 In that case the sum will be increased by 8 not 12. Let a,b,c,d and n be the 5 numbers. 1) sum before multiplication of 3 with a number will be a+b+c+d+n = 34 2) sum after multiplication of 3 with number n will be a+b+c+d+3n = 46 Now, subtracting 1 from 2 we get, (a+b+c+d+3n)(a+b+c+d+n) = 4634 or 2n = 12 or n=6



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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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03 Sep 2015, 10:02
Bunuel wrote: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied by a factor of 3, the average of the numbers increases to 9.2. What number is multiplied by 3?
(A) 1.5 (B) 3.0 (C) 3.9 (D) 4.0 (E) 6.0
Kudos for a correct solution. Let X = {x1,x2,x3,x4,x5} Sum(X) = 6.8*5 = 34 Let y be the no. that is multiplied by 3 Thus, Sum(X)  y +y*3 = 9.2*5 => 34 +2y = 46 => 2y = 12 => y = 6 Answer : E



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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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03 Sep 2015, 11:02
Solution:
Let the number multiplied be a and sum of other 4 numbers be x. so, x + a = 6.8(5) = 34 >(1) and x+3a = 9.2(5) = 46 > (2) (2)  (1) > 2a = 12. So, a =6 Option E



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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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05 Sep 2015, 11:45
Bunuel wrote: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied by a factor of 3, the average of the numbers increases to 9.2. What number is multiplied by 3?
(A) 1.5 (B) 3.0 (C) 3.9 (D) 4.0 (E) 6.0
Kudos for a correct solution. Average of 5 numbers is 6.8, so the sum of the 5 numbers is 34. Average increased to 9.2, so the new sum is 46. difference, between the new and the old sum of the 5 numbers = 46  34 = 12 Let the number multiplied by a factor of 3 be x, therefore, the new number becomes 3x. so, 3x  x = 12 therefore x = 6 Answer is E
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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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05 Sep 2015, 16:28
HBSdetermined wrote: I think the answer should be 4.0 or D... Because when the average to begin with is 6.8 (of the five numbers) that indicates the sum of these five numbers is 6.8*5= 34. When the average is changed to 9.2 then the new sum is edited to 46. The difference between them is 4634= 12 hence there could be number 4 which could be multiplied from the set to give us a new average of 9.2 Hi HBSdetermined, Your overall logic is righton, but you made a minor mistake in your thinking: Whatever number is tripled has ALREADY been counted 'once' already, so part of that original sum (in this case, the sum was 34) includes the given number. By tripling the number 4, you would NOT be adding 12 to the sum.... you would be adding 8 to the sum. As such, you actually have to triple the number 6, which would end up adding 12 to the sum. GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made, Rich
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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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07 Sep 2015, 03:47
Bunuel wrote: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied by a factor of 3, the average of the numbers increases to 9.2. What number is multiplied by 3?
(A) 1.5 (B) 3.0 (C) 3.9 (D) 4.0 (E) 6.0
Kudos for a correct solution. VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:As with any problem, you should start with what you know. You know that, if the average of 5 numbers is 6.8, then the sum of those numbers is 5*6.8 or 34. Similarly for the new total, if the average is 9.2, then the sum of those five numbers is 5*9.2 or 46. So we have: Old total: 34 New total: 46 When problems involve a change – ratio problems in which a certain number is added or subtracted and the ratio changes; mixture problems in which something is added to or subtracted from the solution and the mixture changes, etc. – the key to solving them is typically the change itself. Almost always, the change is expressed in two ways: x is added and the new ratio becomes… one of the numbers is multiplied by 3 and the average becomes… When you’re given two ways to mathematically express that change, use those two ways to set up an equation – you can then solve for a variable that links the past to the present (or the present to the proposed future, depending on how the question is asked) and that solution will allow you to fill in the entire puzzle. In this case, we know that “multiplying one number by 3″ also “increases the sum by 12″ (46 – 32). Since the only number that changes is that number that is multiplied by 3, we know that the multiplying by 3 is the same as adding 12 to that number. So, mathematically, we can say that: 3x = x + 12 2x = 12 x = 6 Therefore, the number in question – that which is multiplied by 3 and in doing so is also added to 12 – is 6, and the correct answer is E. Use change as your “anchor” in problems that emphasize a change in ratios, proportions, or any other elements of a mixture. By expressing the change in two ways, you’ll have an equation that will translate to both the initial and the final mixtures, and therefore will be able to answer any question that the GMAT asks about any part of the relationship. If politicians can use change as their platform to try to get to Washington, you can certainly use change as your springboard to Boston, Palo Alto, Evanston, or the other bschool campus of your choice.
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Re: The average of 5 numbers is 6.8. If one of the numbers is multiplied
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