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The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small,

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The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2009, 14:14
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A
B
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D
E

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75% (00:40) correct 25% (00:53) wrong based on 228 sessions

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The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, previously unseen moons circling Uranus, which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting the distant planet.
(A) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting
(B) doubling to twelve the number of satellites now known to orbit
(C) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known in orbit around
(D) doubling to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting
(E) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known that orbit
B
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by fameatop on 27 Sep 2013, 00:31, edited 1 time in total.
OA added & Tagged

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Re: SC : Voyager II [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2009, 16:21
Which is modifying Uranus. So, A,C and E are out
between B and D , I will go with B
D states "known as orbiting" and looks like the name and alters the intent
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Re: SC : Voyager II [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2009, 16:27
I go with B as well, but you need a dash in the second part of the sentence which is missing everywhere.

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Re: SC : Voyager II [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2009, 21:31
amolsk11 wrote:
The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, previously unseen moons circling Uranus, which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting the distant planet.
(A) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting
(B) doubling to twelve the number of satellites now known to orbit
(C) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known in orbit around
(D) doubling to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting
(E) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known that orbit
B


B is correct. "known as orbiting" is not correct.

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Re: SC : Voyager II [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2009, 00:37
B is correct. Correct use of idiom known... to...

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Re: SC : Voyager II [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2009, 06:36
eliminate sentences using which as it doesnot refer to a noun before it..

known to orbit is better than known as orbitting..

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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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known as/known to do something


Usually, we say known to do something in two different ways. First, when we want to talk about some fact that people have learned.
We also use this when we are talking about the habits of someone or something that other people know about.

e.g. Smoking cigarettes is known to cause cancer.

We use known as when we want to talk about the name of somebody or something or its definition.
e.g. In some parts of the United States, the lynx is known as a puma.


so in B and D , I will go with B.

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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2012, 23:20
@ichha148...
well explained..
short n to the point.
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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2012, 14:46
+1 B

"which" refers to Uranus: A, C, and E out.
The correct idiom is "known to".
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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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lahoosaher wrote:
The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, previously unseen moons circling Uranus, which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting the distant planet.
(A) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting
(B) doubling to twelve the number of satellites now known to orbit
(C) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known in orbit around
(D) doubling to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting
(E) which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known that orbit
B


Cross off A, C and E right away because the usage of "which" modifies Uranus.
Known as orbiting is wordy and awkward

Correct answer B - 54 secs :D
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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2017, 14:44
mikemcgarry carcass GMATNinjaTwo chetan2u

If the sentence excluded the part ~previously unseen moons circling Uranus~ then in that case the usage of WHICH would have been correct? Am i right as then the use of which would directly refer to the the cameras.

Please ignore the meaning of the sentence, i just want my doubt of using WHICH to be clarified here.

Please help here.

Thanks in advance

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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2017, 00:54
siddyj94 wrote:
mikemcgarry carcass GMATNinjaTwo chetan2u

If the sentence excluded the part ~previously unseen moons circling Uranus~ then in that case the usage of WHICH would have been correct? Am i right as then the use of which would directly refer to the the cameras.

Please ignore the meaning of the sentence, i just want my doubt of using WHICH to be clarified here.

Please help here.

Thanks in advance


hi..

let me clear the modifier issue than will get back to the specific Q..

1) The modifier which doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known as orbiting the distant planet. has to modify the entire outcome of the previous clause and NOT cameras. That is WHY we require an ING modifier..
2) Now to the Q of using WHICH, it is completely wrong here. But say for some reason you wanted this to modify CAMERA then the modifier has to be placed next to the prepositional modifier as shown below..

The camera of Voyager, WHICH........,
here the modifier can modify camera or voyager depending on what the modifier talks of and is CORRECT
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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small, [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2017, 11:06
siddyj94 wrote:
If the sentence excluded the part ~previously unseen moons circling Uranus~ then in that case the usage of WHICH would have been correct? Am i right as then the use of which would directly refer to the the cameras.

Please ignore the meaning of the sentence, i just want my doubt of using WHICH to be clarified here.

Please help here.

Thanks in advance

Dear siddyj94,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

I see that my brilliant colleague chetan2u already gave a good response. I will just add a couple more thoughts.

The word "which" is a pronoun, a relative pronoun. As with any pronoun, the antecedent must be a noun. Thus, a clause beginning with "which" must be noun modifying clause, an adjectival clause. It never can modify a verb or an action.

Here, what "doubles to twelve the number of satellites now known"? It's not the "camera," the noun. It's the action of "detecting." It's always a classic GMAT SC mistake when a sentence uses a pronoun to refer to an action.

Now, let's be clear about proper terminology. What people call the "-ing modifier" is properly known as the present participle. I believe that it's sloppy to refer to this as the "-ing form," because it leads to confusion between the role of participles and that of gerunds. See:
The –ing Form of a Verb

Participles are truly extraordinary because they can function either as noun modifiers or verb modifiers. Noun modifiers are subject to the Modifier Touch Rule, but verb modifiers are considerably more free in their placement. Thus, the intervening phrase "previously seen orbiting Uranus" is irrelevant and makes no difference to the modification in the sentence.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: The cameras of the Voyager II spacecraft detected six small,   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2017, 11:06
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