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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose

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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2011, 05:37
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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare token be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city's low-income residents. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?


A. Low-income residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase

B. Low-income riders would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would other riders.

C. The outlay of $10.00for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for low-income bus riders

D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city's bus system

E. Buses provide the only means of public transportation in the city of Workney.


ID - CR01900


Another version of this question is published in OG2019: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-city-of- ... 71655.html
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2011, 11:16
C - the assumption is that $10 is not prohibitive for the low income people. After reading the question, I was looking for an answer that's along the lines of "low income people don't have the cash flow to buy $20 in fares at once" but this answer is not amongst the choices given.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2011, 08:53
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Jasontuyj2012 wrote:
The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare token be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city's low-income residents. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?

a) Low-income residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase

b) Low-income riders would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would other riders.

c) The outlay of $10.00for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for low-income bus riders

d) The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city's bus system

e) Buses provide the only means of public transportation in the city of Workney.


C. The critics assume a $10.00 outlay would not be prohibitive otherwise no reason for them to propose a $10.00 outlay.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 06:48
Jasonammex wrote:
Why B is not right?


B) Low-income riders would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offerthan
would other riders
.

A per critics , 18-token for $20 would be prohibitive of the lower income riders. In other words , all types of riders should get equal advantage. No bias .
So, they assumed that the 9-token scheme will not pose any problem for the lower income riders.
Reading once, option B seems to be the perfect contender. However, as highlighted, the 9-token scheme offer is more beneficial to the low-income riders than the other riders. Therefore, this makes the 9-token scheme biased towards the low income riders.

I hope you get it now.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2019, 00:54
Can someone explain option B(meaning of option B and why it is not an assumption)?
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2019, 03:11
mallya12 wrote:
Can someone explain option B(meaning of option B and why it is not an assumption)?

Think of it as.. you have made a plan that instead of increasing money from 18 to 20 increase it from 9 to 10.

And option says that this will benefit the poor.

But what about the ones who are rich? It might be that they welcome the increase of 20 because they have a longer commute and a rise from 9 to 10 will harm them as the ones who have shorter commute ( or maybe some other reason)

The assumptions on which the argument depends has two folds:
1) as mentioned by C
2) the Rich does not pose a problem.

As per option B it seems that the local have more advantage and thus this assumption is not correct as it has a potential to fail the plan to raise the amount from 9 to 10 instead of 18 to 20 considering the advantages of the rich class.

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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2019, 11:09
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Jasontuyj2012 wrote:
The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare token be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city's low-income residents. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?


The assumption will be information necessary for the EVIDENCE in this argument to support the CONCLUSION of this argument.

In this case, the conclusion is not stated directly. However we can gather that the following is the conclusion:

    Selling 9 fare tokens for $10 is a better way to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city's low-income residents than is selling 18 fare tokens for $20.

The evidence supporting this conclusion is the following:

    A $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders.

Quote:
A. Low-income residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase

Incorrect. Going from the fact that a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders to the conclusion that selling 9 fare tokens for $10 is a better way to alleviate the burden on low income riders does not require assuming that the number of low-income riders will not decrease as a result of the fare increase.

Quote:
B. Low-income riders would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would other riders.


Incorrect. Going from the fact that a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders to the conclusion that selling 9 fare tokens for $10 is a better way to alleviate the burden on low income riders does not require assuming anything about what other riders would do. All we are concerned with here is the effect on low-income riders.

Quote:
C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for low-income bus riders.


Correct. Going from the fact that a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders to the conclusion that selling 9 fare tokens for $10 is a better way to alleviate the burden on low income riders require assuming that low income riders can actually afford to spend $10 at a time. If they can't, then selling discounted tokens in $10 packages won't affect the burden on low income riders.

Quote:
D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city's bus system.


Incorrect. Going from the fact that a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders to the conclusion that selling 9 fare tokens for $10 is a better way to alleviate the burden on low income riders does not require assuming that the fare increase is needed.

Quote:
E. Buses provide the only means of public transportation in the city of Workney.


Incorrect. This answer is a trap, as one could get the impression that the degree to which means of transportation other than buses are available in Workney could be a factor in how much of a burden the fare increase is on lower income workers.

The thing is that we are looking not at all factors that would affect how much of a burden low-income riders experience, but only at whether offering $10 packages of tokens is better for them than offering $20 packages of tokens, and going from the fact that a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders to the conclusion that selling 9 fare tokens for $10 is a better way to alleviate the burden on low income riders does not require assuming anything about whether there are other forms of public transportation in Workney.

The correct answer is C.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2019, 13:08
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mallya12 wrote:
Can someone explain option B(meaning of option B and why it is not an assumption)?

The "alternate proposal" suggest by critics in the passage is that "9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00," rather than 18 fare tokens be sold for $20.00. The critics' reasoning is that "a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for low-income riders."

Notice that this reasoning only depends on making the bus fare less prohibitive for low-income riders. It does not mention the possible effect of the alternative proposal on other riders.

Now take another look at (B):

Quote:
B. Low-income riders would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would other riders.

This answer choice sets up a comparison between low-income riders and other riders. But according to the passage, the critics have only expressed concern about the outlay for low-income riders. We don't know whether or not "other riders" also take advantage of the 9-token offer, and critics don't necessarily need to care about "other riders" in order to make this alternative proposal.

Because the critics' proposal is not affected one way or another by this answer choice, (B) is not an assumption that the alternative proposal requires.

I hope this helps!
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2019, 13:08
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