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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose

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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 12:06
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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare tokens be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city’s poor people. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for poor riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?


A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.

B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.

C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.

D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.

E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once




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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 19:11
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bb wrote:
The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare tokens be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city’s poor people. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for poor riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.
B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.
C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.
D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.
E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once




OG2019 Question CR01900
A version of this question was published earlier with different answer choices: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-city-of- ... 19273.html


Reasoning....
Raise in bus tickets from 1 to 1.25
But to help poor customers, 18 tickets are being sold for 20$ that is savings of 2.5$ as 18*1.25 =22.5$
PROPOSAL:- to keep the price of each fare tickets same but sell for a smaller amount as people will not have 20$ to spare at one go..

Assumption for this alternate proposal??

Clearly if the proposal is to keep the amount to 10$ because 20$ may be higher for the poor customers, then proposal believes that it will be easy for them to spare 10$ at one go.

This is exactly given by C

Why not E?

But the reason E is not the answer and different from C..
Para talks of the relationship between people who can buy 18 tickets and 9 tickets but it could be possible that only one % of people could buy 18 tickets and people who could buy 9 tickets is slightly better say just 2% buying it.
But our answer has to be something which conveys the ease of most of the people in buying 9 tickets which is given by C

C
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2018, 22:31
chetan2u wrote:
bb wrote:
The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare tokens be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city’s poor people. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for poor riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.
B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.
C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.
D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.
E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once




OG2019 Question CR01900
A version of this question was published earlier with different answer choices: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-city-of- ... 19273.html


Reasoning....
Raise in bus tickets from 1 to 1.25
But to help poor customers, 18 tickets are being sold for 20$ that is savings of 2.5$ as 18*1.25 =22.5$
PROPOSAL:- to keep the price of each fare tickets same but sell for a smaller amount as people will not have 20$ to spare at one go..

Assumption for this alternate proposal??

Clearly if the proposal is to keep the amount to 10$ because 20$ may be higher for the poor customers, then proposal believes that it will be easy for them to spare 10$ at one go.

This is exactly given by C

C

How is E different from C then, it indirectly states that more people can afford a 10 dollar ticket
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 03:07
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My reasoning for ruling out E, not sure if its the correct one.

Quote:
E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once

The argument discusses the 9-token fare in the context of poor people. While option E feels like something which may be valid for all users even those who are not poor.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 11:45
In this type of Assumption Qs, its better to opt for NEGATION of choices to see whether conclusion stands still.

Conclusion: 10$ for 9 fare token would not be prohibitive for poor.

A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.: NEGATION of this sentence do not have any impact on sentence.
B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.: Out of scope. Does'nt impact Conclusion.
C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.: NEGATION shatters the conclusion.
D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.:Out of scope. Does'nt impact Conclusion.
E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once: We are concerned about 20$ affecting POOR riders. Does'nt impact Conclusion.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 21:46
bb wrote:
The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare tokens be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city’s poor people. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for poor riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.
B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.
C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.
D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.
E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once




OG2019 Question CR01900
A version of this question was published earlier with different answer choices: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-city-of- ... 19273.html



The conclusion is that since poor riders will not be able to pay 20$ in one go to buy 18 tokens,why not make it to 9 tokens for 10$.

Pre-thinking is very important.We need to see whether the poor riders will be able to pay 10$.Look for answers

A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.

Even if the number goes down,there are still some poor riders who will take the bus. So this will have no impact.

B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.

We are not comapring Poor vs non poor. No mention of non poor in the argument. Irrelevant.

C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.

Negate this and the conclusion falls apart. If the poor riders cannot afford to pay 10$,the conclusion doesn't stands.
Bingo!!

D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.

Why the increase is made is not relevant here. Irrelevant.

E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once

This will weaken the conclusion in some sense.

You see C is correct choice.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2018, 23:52
The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare tokens be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city’s poor people. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for poor riders.

Prethinking: If $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for poor riders and $10.00 is good for them, then we can say that they prefer to spend $10.00 for 9 tokens and would not be a burden on them.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.// Then the propasal is waste//
B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.// We are not concerned about their savings//
C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.// This seems to be the correct option because on negating the conclusion gets altered// And this is also giving reason why 9 token strategy is to be opted because it skips the problems associated with 18 token strategy.

D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.// Out of scope//

E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once// No talks about poor rider and 9 token strategy so out of concern//
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 17:58
Kunal760 wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
bb wrote:
The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare tokens be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city’s poor people. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for poor riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.
B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.
C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.
D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.
E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once




OG2019 Question CR01900
A version of this question was published earlier with different answer choices: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-city-of- ... 19273.html


Reasoning....
Raise in bus tickets from 1 to 1.25
But to help poor customers, 18 tickets are being sold for 20$ that is savings of 2.5$ as 18*1.25 =22.5$
PROPOSAL:- to keep the price of each fare tickets same but sell for a smaller amount as people will not have 20$ to spare at one go..

Assumption for this alternate proposal??

Clearly if the proposal is to keep the amount to 10$ because 20$ may be higher for the poor customers, then proposal believes that it will be easy for them to spare 10$ at one go.

This is exactly given by C

C

How is E different from C then, it indirectly states that more people can afford a 10 dollar ticket


Hello chetan2u,
I am having the same doubt as Kunal760.
Please explain.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 18:37
2
jackspire wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
bb wrote:
The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, proposed that 18 fare tokens be sold for $20.00 to alleviate the extra burden of the fare increase on the city’s poor people. Critics suggested alternatively that 9 fare tokens be sold for $10.00, because a $20.00 outlay would be prohibitive for poor riders.

The alternative proposal depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Poor residents of Workney will continue to ride the buses in the same numbers despite the fare increase.
B. Riders who are poor would be more likely to take advantage of the savings afforded by the 9-token offer than would riders who are not poor.
C. The outlay of $10.00 for the purchase of 9 fare tokens would not be prohibitive for bus riders who are poor.
D. The proposed fare increase is needed for the purchase of new buses for the city’s bus system.
E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once




OG2019 Question CR01900
A version of this question was published earlier with different answer choices: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-city-of- ... 19273.html


Reasoning....
Raise in bus tickets from 1 to 1.25
But to help poor customers, 18 tickets are being sold for 20$ that is savings of 2.5$ as 18*1.25 =22.5$
PROPOSAL:- to keep the price of each fare tickets same but sell for a smaller amount as people will not have 20$ to spare at one go..

Assumption for this alternate proposal??

Clearly if the proposal is to keep the amount to 10$ because 20$ may be higher for the poor customers, then proposal believes that it will be easy for them to spare 10$ at one go.

This is exactly given by C

C


Hello chetan2u,
I am having the same doubt as Kunal760.
Please explain.


Sorry missed out earlier as I was not tagged.
But the reason E is not the answer and different from C..
Para talks of the relationship between people who can buy 18 tickets and 9 tickets but it could be possible that only one % of people could buy 18 tickets and people who could buy 9 tickets is slightly better say just 2% buying it.
But our answer has to be something which conveys the ease of most of the people in buying 9 tickets which is given by C
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2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html


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The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2018, 20:27
Hello chetan2u,
I am having the same doubt as Kunal760.
Please explain.[/quote]

Sorry missed out earlier as I was not tagged.
But the reason E is not the answer and different from C..
Para talks of the relationship between people who can buy 18 tickets and 9 tickets but it could be possible that only one % of people could buy 18 tickets and people who could buy 9 tickets is slightly better say just 2% buying it.
But our answer has to be something which conveys the ease of most of the people in buying 9 tickets which is given by C[/quote]

Thanks a lot chetan2u.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2018, 00:26
My simple explanation on why Option E is not correct -

E. Fewer riders would regularly purchase 18 fare tokens at once than would purchase only 9 fare tokens at once

Reason 1 - Lets assume 60% riders regularly purchase 18 tokens. And 40% riders regularly purchase 9 fare tokens.
Now what if the poor riders are a part of this 40%? This choice falls apart.

Reason 2 - We need something that says "poor riders" will benefit from this. This option does not say anything much about poor riders.

Focus on the conclusion and pre-think what is needed as an assumption.

Hope it helps. Please correct me if my analysis is wrong.
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Re: The city of Workney, in raising bus fares from $1.00 to $1.25, propose &nbs [#permalink] 01 Oct 2018, 00:26
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