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# The discovery of gold near Deadwood, South Dakota

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Senior Manager
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11 Aug 2013, 11:52
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (00:43) correct 33% (00:49) wrong based on 318 sessions

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The discovery of gold near Deadwood, South Dakota, drew adventurers and created economic competition, leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
A) leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
B) leading to violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
C) with the effect of violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
D) with the effect that violence claimed as many as 100 lives lost
E) and led to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives

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Farhan

My Blog - Student for Life ( Oxford MBA)

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11 Aug 2013, 12:01
1
farhanc85 wrote:
The discovery of gold near Deadwood, South Dakota, drew adventurers and created economic competition, leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
A) leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
B) leading to violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
C) with the effect of violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
D) with the effect that violence claimed as many as 100 lives lost
E) and led to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives

I think E is the right answer as led and claimed in second form...many is used for number

Can any one explain me why A is the right answer please?

Thanks!!
Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Jul 2013
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GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
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11 Aug 2013, 12:14
anilvb wrote:
farhanc85 wrote:
The discovery of gold near Deadwood, South Dakota, drew adventurers and created economic competition, leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
A) leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
B) leading to violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
C) with the effect of violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
D) with the effect that violence claimed as many as 100 lives lost
E) and led to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives

I think E is the right answer as led and claimed in second form...many is used for number

Can any one explain me why A is the right answer please?

Thanks!!

Hi Anil,

I agree with you on this one. Posting the OE but I am not entirely convinced with it. If anyone can explain in a better way please help.

Always consider how the underlined portion functions in the complete sentence. Here, the underlined portion of the sentence modifies the action expressed in the sentence.. Is the modifier logically placed? In this case, yes— "leading to violence" follows the verbs "drew" and "created" and is correctly placed. Something else we notice is the phrase "as many as." We know that "many" and "much" are often confused in writing. "Many" applies to things that can be counted, while "much" applies to things that cannot be counted. In this sentence, "many" refers to lives lost, which can be counted, so the usage is correct. There does not seem to be an error in this sentence.

Scan and Group the Answer Choices:

Before we mark (A) as the correct answer, let’s verify our analysis by looking at the other options. Choices (B) and (C) use the phrase "as much as" rather than "as many as." Choices (C), (D), and (E) all begin with a word or words other than "leading."

Eliminate Choices Until Only One Remains:

Since we have already determined that "as many as" correctly modifies "lives," we can rule out choices (B) and (C) immediately. Choice (D) is wordy, replacing the concise "leading to" with "with the effect that" and repeating the same idea by using both "claimed" and "lost." Choice (E) is incorrect because, when we integrate it into the entire sentence, we see that the placement of "and" is incorrect. The sentence would have to read "drew adventurers, created economic competition, and led to violence" for (E) to be correct. Thus, we confirm that Choice (A) is, indeed, the correct answer.

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Farhan

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11 Aug 2013, 12:17
ok...so here you go!

A is correct- ",verb -ing" is used to present the result of the action in the preceding clause- as in this case "...created the economic competition"resulted in violence...ok?
then 'that'is used correctly to modify the "violence"as the subject of "that clause"...then as many as is used because lives are countable and cannot use much-used for uncountable nouns...so no error...!

Gotcha?
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11 Aug 2013, 16:53
Question is what led to violence - Discovery of gold or economic competion. E is saying Dicovery of gold where original sentence is saying economic competition... A is correct.
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11 Aug 2013, 18:14
2
farhanc85 wrote:
anilvb wrote:
farhanc85 wrote:
The discovery of gold near Deadwood, South Dakota, drew adventurers and created economic competition, leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
A) leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
B) leading to violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
C) with the effect of violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
D) with the effect that violence claimed as many as 100 lives lost
E) and led to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives

I think E is the right answer as led and claimed in second form...many is used for number

Can any one explain me why A is the right answer please?

Thanks!!

Hi Anil,

I agree with you on this one. Posting the OE but I am not entirely convinced with it. If anyone can explain in a better way please help.

Always consider how the underlined portion functions in the complete sentence. Here, the underlined portion of the sentence modifies the action expressed in the sentence.. Is the modifier logically placed? In this case, yes— "leading to violence" follows the verbs "drew" and "created" and is correctly placed. Something else we notice is the phrase "as many as." We know that "many" and "much" are often confused in writing. "Many" applies to things that can be counted, while "much" applies to things that cannot be counted. In this sentence, "many" refers to lives lost, which can be counted, so the usage is correct. There does not seem to be an error in this sentence.

Scan and Group the Answer Choices:

Before we mark (A) as the correct answer, let’s verify our analysis by looking at the other options. Choices (B) and (C) use the phrase "as much as" rather than "as many as." Choices (C), (D), and (E) all begin with a word or words other than "leading."

Eliminate Choices Until Only One Remains:

Since we have already determined that "as many as" correctly modifies "lives," we can rule out choices (B) and (C) immediately. Choice (D) is wordy, replacing the concise "leading to" with "with the effect that" and repeating the same idea by using both "claimed" and "lost." Choice (E) is incorrect because, when we integrate it into the entire sentence, we see that the placement of "and" is incorrect. The sentence would have to read "drew adventurers, created economic competition, and led to violence" for (E) to be correct. Thus, we confirm that Choice (A) is, indeed, the correct answer.

Hi farhanc and anil.

This questions is about the usage of Verb-ing modifier.

The discovery of gold near Deadwood, South Dakota, drew adventurers and created economic competition, leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives

A) leading to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
Correct. "Verb-ing" + comma ==> modify preceding clause (tell you the result or provide more information)

B) leading to violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
Wrong. "100 lives" is countable ==> "as much as" is wrong.

C) with the effect of violence that claimed as much as 100 lives
Wrong. "with the effect" is not as good as "leading to" which is correct and more concise. In addition. "as much as" is incorrect.

D) with the effect that violence claimed as many as 100 lives lost
Wrong. "that" modifies "effect", not "violence". In addition. the structure "with the effect that violence claimed..." is very ungrammatical (the better one is "with the effect of violence that claimed ....")

E) and led to violence that claimed as many as 100 lives
Wrong. "and" is parallel marker, but the main parallel structure is not "drew...and created...and led" <== wrong. The second part only provides additional information for the preceding part ==> Verb-ing modifier is correct.

Hope it helps.

verb-ed-modifiers-vs-verb-ing-modifiers-125611.html

Hope it helps.
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11 Aug 2013, 20:40
Thanks Akhil and Pqhai. Its clear now

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12 Aug 2013, 09:25
AMITAGARWAL2 wrote:
Question is what led to violence - Discovery of gold or economic competion. E is saying Dicovery of gold where original sentence is saying economic competition... A is correct.

thanx..now it looks right..
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31 Jul 2018, 01:23
It's a modifier question, Leading correctly modify the preceding clause. Hence, C, D and E out. Among A and B, B uses as much as for describing 100 lives that is countable. Hence, It's incorrect. Now, remain A that is the correct answer.
Re: The discovery of gold near Deadwood, South Dakota &nbs [#permalink] 31 Jul 2018, 01:23
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