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# The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock

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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
C as well

Choice C is a participle phrase modifying the subject prize-stock breeding acting as an adjective.
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
(C) - parallelism

The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock breeding, with individual bulls and cows receiving awards, fetching unprecedented prices, and exciting enormous interest whenever they were put on show.
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
(A) excited not the correct tense
(B) 'it' has no clear referent. excited is the wrong tense
(C) present participle suggests the shows still excit interest. I'll take C.
(D) past tense 'would' suggest the shows no longer excite people.
(E) past perfect tense is wrong

I'll go with C
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
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this was a very simple but very tricky question. exciting is usually used as adjective so we can be tricked. Here exciting is used as a "ing" verb.

and ys OA is C.

Regards
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
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Quote:
the end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock breeding, with individual bulls and cows receiving awards, fetching unprecedented prices, and excited enormous interest whenever they were put on show.
(A) exicited
(B) it excited
(C) exciting
(D) would excite

Two major errors - parallelism and the it error.
Parallelism can't get any simpler! Notice the AND list. and be sure that the list is to be completed by the underlined item
-ing verb is required.
Lel me tell you what could go wrong here. One might think saw the emergence and excited are a part of one and list. But in that case, won't there be one more and before fetching? yeah, thats a trap!
One more common error here. I call it the it error. Like in spoken English we use it to describe a clause, the GMAT puts it as a trap because the usage is actually incorrect. I did xyz, it caused him to blah blah. Well, that is totally incorrect! this trap is designed in choice B and E. Technically we say that it refers to no noun in the sentence. and D cannot simple by correct to be used for a past action.

C it is
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
sarahtw wrote:
the end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock breeding, with individual bulls and cows receiving awards, fetching unprecedented prices, and excited enormous interest whenever they were put on show.
(A) exicited
(B) it excited
(C) exciting
(D) would excite

C. This choice runs parallel with the other -ing forms.
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The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
receiving =just noun

how could 3 above be parallel ..... all 3 in this sentence are noun or adj ,if so, receiving according to dic is just noun and exciting is adj !? help
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
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Direct parallelism question:
end of 18th century saw the emergence of prize-stock breeding,
- individual bulls and cows receiving awards
- fetching unprecedented prices and
- exciting enormous interest whenever they were put on show

All three ideas are parallel to each other. Therefore +1 for C

The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock breeding, with individual bulls and cows receiving awards, fetching unprecedented prices, and excited enormous interest whenever they were put on show.

(A) excited
(B) it excited
(C) exciting
(D) would excite
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock breeding, with individual bulls and cows receiving awards, fetching unprecedented prices, and excited enormous interest whenever they were put on show.

(A) excited
(B) it excited
(C) exciting
(D) would excite

In the above, can someone clarify the role of Phrase ", with individual bulls and cows receiving awards," .in the sentence ?
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
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1. The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock breeding --- This is the main clause

2., with individual bulls and cows receiving awards, fetching unprecedented prices, and excited enormous interest whenever they were put on show. -- This is an absolute phrase modifying the entire previous clause, i.e., the main clause This is grammatically wrong because the third factor 'excited' should be 'exciting' in line with the other present participles such as receiving and fetching) in the list to keep parallelism intact.

HTH
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
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This question tests parallelism.

If we follow the list here, it will be easy to know what ‘excited’ should be parallel with.

Let’s paraphrase the question – end of 18th century saw breeding – with bulls and cows receiving…, fetching…, and <exciting>…

We can now scan the options:

(A) excited
(B) it excited
(C) exciting
(D) would excite

Eliminate Options A, B, D, and E.

Option C is the best choice. C alone observes parallelism.

Hope this helps!
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock breeding, - this is an independent clause.
SV pair - end saw
with individual bulls and cows receiving awards,
fetching unprecedented prices,
and excited enormous interest whenever they were put on show.
The parallel list is receiving awards, fetching and excited which is incorrect.

(A) excited
(B) it excited
The parallel list receiving awards, fetching and it exited is incorrect. The use of it introduces a new clause which is incorrect. Also, it is unclear what it refers to.
(C) exciting
The parallel list receiving awards, fetching and exciting is correct. This choice is correct.
(D) would excite
The parallel list receiving awards, fetching and would excite is incorrect
The parallel list receiving awards, fetching and it had exited is incorrect. The use of it introduces a new clause which is incorrect. Also, it is unclear what it refers to. The use of had is also incorrect in the sentence.
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
After solving this sub-600 question I believe one must take a look at this 700 question to get a better understanding of how parallelism works

https://gmatclub.com/forum/scientists-h ... -9394.html
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
Can someone please answer why not 'excited'? V-ed can be used to parallel with V-ing as well. And here 'excited' is not past tense because there is no 'be' helping verb at the front. so 'excited' has to be a modifier and can parallel with other modifiers
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
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wiw5087 wrote:
Can someone please answer why not 'excited'? V-ed can be used to parallel with V-ing as well. And here 'excited' is not past tense because there is no 'be' helping verb at the front. so 'excited' has to be a modifier and can parallel with other modifiers

Hello wiw5087,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, in Options A and B, "excited" does act as a verb; it refers to the action of making something or someone excited.

For example, "The teacher excited the students by telling them about the field trip."

We hope this helps.
All the best!
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
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Re: The end of the eighteenth century saw the emergence of prize-stock [#permalink]
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