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The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2018, 23:46
GMATNinja, egmat
I am a but confused here.
Please provide some insights on the Verb+ing usage.
Please clarify whether V+ing modifier must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause or not?


abhimahna wrote:
gmatacer40 wrote:
In the OA (c), the Ving modifier "allowing it......300 and 700 meters." must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause which is "eyes". However, "it"does not agree with the subject of the preceding clause "eyes". Please explain??


Hey gmatacer40 ,

I think you aren't much clear on ", verb + ing" rule tested on GMAT. :)

The rule says "verb + ing" after comma should either describe the previous clause (NOT SUBJECT) or should show the result of the previous clause.

In the question given, we are saying the results of adeptness of eyes is allowing to do something.

Does that make sense?

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 07:16
gmatbusters wrote:
egmat
I am a but confused here.
Please provide some insights on the Verb+ing usage.
Please clarify whether V+ing modifier must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause or not?




Hello gmatbusters,

Thank you for the query. :-)


The answer to your question is "yes". The action denoted by the comma + verb-ing modifier must make sense with the doer of the modified action. It is so because every action must be accounted for, i. e., it must have a doer.

Please review the our popular article that delves deep into the topic. The article is replete with relevant details and official examples to make the concept easy to understand:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 20:53
A,B,D wrong because eyes are compared with animal.
E wrong because it used for eyes and them used for single elephant

So C is correct

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2018, 09:05
OG 2017 New Question[/quote]
hi egmat GMATNinja
Could you please explain the usage of the pronoun "it"
In the official answer, how the pronoun"it" refers clearly to seal
why does not it refer "animal"?
why there is no ambiguity?
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The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2018, 00:12
AbdurRakib wrote:
The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, thus allowing it to hunt efficiently under the gloomy conditions at its feeding depths of between 300 and 700 meters.


A) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, thus allowing it
B) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, allowing them
C) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it
D) Because they adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, the eyes of the elephant seal allow it
E) Because the eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, it allows them


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Hi GMATNinja , mikemcgarry any other expert reading this

please explain how does "it" in option C clearly refers to seal , why does not "it" refer to animal
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2018, 20:53
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chandan1988 wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, thus allowing it to hunt efficiently under the gloomy conditions at its feeding depths of between 300 and 700 meters.


A) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, thus allowing it
B) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, allowing them
C) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it
D) Because they adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, the eyes of the elephant seal allow it
E) Because the eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, it allows them


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Hi GMATNinja , mikemcgarry any other expert reading this

please explain how does "it" in option C clearly refers to seal , why does not "it" refer to animal

The "it" is arguably ambiguous here, but a key thing to remember is that pronoun ambiguity is NOT an absolute rule on the GMAT (see this video for more on that issue).

And more importantly, you don't have any other plausible alternatives on this particular question:

Quote:
A) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, thus allowing it

The comparison is an absolute disaster: "the eyes of the elephant seal" are being compared to "any other animal." That can't possibly be right.

Quote:
B) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, allowing them

This has the exact same comparison problem as (A). Plus, "them" (in the phrase "allowing them to hunt...") logically needs to refer to "elephant seals." Trouble is, "elephant seal" is singular in (B). So this is unambiguously wrong, too.

Quote:
C) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it

Yup, the pronoun "it" is kinda ambiguous: it could, in theory, refer to either "the elephant seal" or "any other animal." But if you read this sentence in real life, would you actually be confused by it? Probably not. You can tell from the context that "it" must be the elephant seal, since the anatomy of that particular critter is the topic of the sentence.

Don't get me wrong: sometimes the GMAT considers this sort of ambiguity wrong. But it's not an absolute rule, and you don't want to eliminate (C) based SOLELY on the ambiguity.

(Speaking of the anatomy of elephant seals: male elephant seals can weigh up to FIVE TONS. They're hilarious. Gigantic, relaxed, log-shaped brutes with these funny little flippers that actually have fingers. They just lay on the beach next to each other, like a bunch of cigars in a box, but without the box. And they smell worse than a cigar. When I was in Antartica, an ex-researcher admitted that he used to go "log-rolling" on elephant seals: jumping from animal to animal. They never really reacted, apparently. To an elephant seal, a puny human felt like nothing at all.)

Anyway, let's keep (C) and see what else they've got for us.

Quote:
D) Because they adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested, the eyes of the elephant seal allow it

Again, this comparison is completely, unambiguously wrong: "they" seems to refer to "the eyes of the elephant seal", and it doesn't make sense to compare the eyes to "any other animal."

Quote:
E) Because the eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, it allows them

And both the "it" and the "they" are dead wrong here. Logically, the part after the comma is trying to say that the eyes allow the elephant seal to hunt efficiently -- so the sentence should say "they allow it to hunt more efficiently..."

So we're stuck with (C), despite the ambiguity.

And this is typical GMAT: the correct answer might not be the best thing ever. And in another context, the GMAT might view the ambiguity in (C) as cause for elimination. But in this case, it's definitely not the worst crime among the answer choices.

I hope this helps!
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The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 05:50
GMATNinja wrote:
The "it" is arguably ambiguous here, but a key thing to remember is that pronoun ambiguity is NOT an absolute rule on the GMAT (see this video for more on that issue).



Dear GMATNinja

I totally agree with you bout any rules of pronoun in GMAT. But actually the question at hand has something very powerful. The non-underline part has possessive pronoun 'its' which gives indication that a pronoun 'it' is acceptable (in line with its )and not ambiguous in that sentence.

What are your thoughts?
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 06:01
I choose A over C.
And In C
Quote:
C) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it

found "than do those" in C bit wordy.
expert help needed.
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2018, 19:26
mayursurya wrote:
I choose A over C.
And In C
Quote:
C) The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it

found "than do those" in C bit wordy.
expert help needed.

You're in good company - (C) sounds a little goofy to me too! But goofiness is not a good reason to eliminate an answer choice. If one answer choice is logical and grammatically correct, and the other four all have identifiable issues, well, then we just have to accept that the OA might sound a little funny. (And if it didn't sound funny, the question wouldn't be difficult, right?)

Let's reexamine (A):
Quote:
The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any other animal yet tested

Sounds fine to the ear, but look at that comparison - one animal's eyes are compared to other animals. It's fine to compare one animal's eyes to another animal's eyes. It's perfectly OK to compare one animal to another. But it's nutty to compare eyes to animals. It doesn't matter if this is the world's most eloquent, poetic, beautiful-sounding sentence -- the thing is illogical, and needs to be eliminated.

Compare that with (C):
Quote:
The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than do those of any other animal yet tested, allowing it

Sounds weird, right? But let's look at the comparison again. The plural pronoun "those" must refer to the preceding plural noun "the eyes." So now the eyes of the elephant seal are correctly compared to the eyes of "any other animal". Perfectly logical.

The takeaway: if one answer choice sounds good, but is illogical, and another option sounds weird but makes perfect sense, the second sentence will always be preferred on the GMAT.

I hope that helps!
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any &nbs [#permalink] 15 Aug 2018, 19:26

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