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The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any

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Joined: 27 Oct 2017
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Location: India
Concentration: International Business, General Management
GPA: 3.64
WE: Business Development (Energy and Utilities)
Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2018, 23:46
GMATNinja, egmat
I am a but confused here.
Please provide some insights on the Verb+ing usage.
Please clarify whether V+ing modifier must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause or not?


abhimahna wrote:
gmatacer40 wrote:
In the OA (c), the Ving modifier "allowing it......300 and 700 meters." must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause which is "eyes". However, "it"does not agree with the subject of the preceding clause "eyes". Please explain??


Hey gmatacer40 ,

I think you aren't much clear on ", verb + ing" rule tested on GMAT. :)

The rule says "verb + ing" after comma should either describe the previous clause (NOT SUBJECT) or should show the result of the previous clause.

In the question given, we are saying the results of adeptness of eyes is allowing to do something.

Does that make sense?

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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 07:08
gmatacer40 wrote:
In the OA (c), the Ving modifier "allowing it......300 and 700 meters." must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause which is "eyes".

Hi gmatacer40, indeed and that is the case here.

Quote:
However, "it"does not agree with the subject of the preceding clause "eyes"

There is no requirement for the pronouns in the participial phrase (allowing...) to agree with the subject of the preceding clause. For example, following is a correct sentence:

Teacher showered students with gifts, surprising them.

Here, them does not have any reason or requirement to agree with teacher, the subject of the preceding clause.
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 07:16
gmatbusters wrote:
egmat
I am a but confused here.
Please provide some insights on the Verb+ing usage.
Please clarify whether V+ing modifier must make sense with the subject of the preceding clause or not?




Hello gmatbusters,

Thank you for the query. :-)


The answer to your question is "yes". The action denoted by the comma + verb-ing modifier must make sense with the doer of the modified action. It is so because every action must be accounted for, i. e., it must have a doer.

Please review the our popular article that delves deep into the topic. The article is replete with relevant details and official examples to make the concept easy to understand:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/usage-of-verb-ing-modifiers-135220.html


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The eyes of the elephant seal adapt to darkness more quickly than any   [#permalink] 13 Apr 2018, 07:16

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