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The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history

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The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2008, 13:51
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The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s history use separate sources and focus on separate issues. Political historians, examining sources such as voting records, newspapers, and politicians’ writings, focus on the emergence in the 1840’s of a new “American political nation,” and since women were neither voters nor politicians, they receive little discussion. Women’s historians, meanwhile, have shown little interest in the subject of party politics, instead drawing on personal papers, legal records such as wills, and records of female associations to illuminate women’s domestic lives, their moral reform activities, and the emergence of the woman’s rights movement.

However, most historians have underestimated the extent and significance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period. For example, in the presidential election campaigns of the 1840’s, the Virginia Whig party strove to win the allegiance of Virginia’s women by inviting them to rallies and speeches. According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party’s rallies gathered information that enabled them to mold party-loyal families, reminded men of moral values that transcended party loyalty, and conferred moral standing on the party. Virginia Democrats, in response, began to make similar appeals to women as well. By the mid-1850’s the inclusion of women in the rituals of party politics had become commonplace and the ideology that justified such inclusion had been assimilated by the Democrats.
1. The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to

A. examine the tactics of antebellum political parties with regard to women

B. trace the effect of politics on the emergence of the woman’s rights movement

C. point out a deficiency in the study of a particular historical period

D. discuss the ideologies of opposing antebellum political parties

E. contrast the methodologies in two differing fields of historical inquiry


[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


2: The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?

A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.

B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.

C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in Whig and Democratic party politics.

D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.

E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the woman’s rights movement.


[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


3: According to the second paragraph of the passage (lines 20-42), Whig propaganda included the assertion that

A. women should enjoy more political rights than they did

B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family

C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values

D. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior

E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party


[Reveal] Spoiler:
E


4. According to the passage, which of the following was true of Virginia Democrats in the mid-1850’s?

A. They feared that their party was losing its strong moral foundation.

B. They believed that the Whigs’ inclusion of women in party politics had led to the Whigs’ success in many elections.

C. They created an ideology that justified the inclusion of women in party politics.

D. They wanted to demonstrate that they were in support of the woman’s rights movement.

E. They imitated the Whigs’ efforts to include women in the rituals of party politics


[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Oct 2017, 04:59, edited 3 times in total.
Reformatted question
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2008, 14:01
My answers are C, C, B.
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2008, 18:48
i had C,E,E
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2008, 20:06
My answers are B,E,E.
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2008, 06:43
I believe the OA on this are: C C E
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2008, 22:23
The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil
War) political history and women’s his-
tory use separate sources and focus
Line on separate issues. Political histori-
(5) ans, examining sources such as voting
records, newspapers, and politicians’
writings, focus on the emergence in the
1840’s of a new “American political
nation,” and since women were neither
(10) voters nor politicians, they receive little
discussion. Women’s historians, mean-
while, have shown little interest in the
subject of party politics, instead draw-
ing on personal papers, legal records
(15) such as wills, and records of female
associations to illuminate women’s
domestic lives, their moral reform
activities, and the emergence of the
woman’s rights movement.
(20) However, most historians have
underestimated the extent and signifi-
cance of women’s political allegiance
in the antebellum period. For example,
in the presidential election campaigns
(25) of the 1840’s, the Virginia Whig party
strove to win the allegiance of Virginia’s
women by inviting them to rallies and
speeches. According to Whig propa-
ganda, women who turned out at the
(30) party’s rallies gathered information
that enabled them to mold party-loyal
families, reminded men of moral values
that transcended party loyalty, and con-
ferred moral standing on the party.
(35) Virginia Democrats, in response,
began to make similar appeals to
women as well. By the mid-1850’s
the inclusion of women in the rituals of
party politics had become common-
(40) place, and the ideology that justified
such inclusion had been assimilated
by the Democrats.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q:
The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to

A. examine the tactics of antebellum political parties with regard to women
B. trace the effect of politics on the emergence of the woman’s rights movement
C. point out a deficiency in the study of a particular historical period
D. discuss the ideologies of opposing antebellum political parties
E. contrast the methodologies in two differing fields of historical inquiry

Please post answers with detailed reasons.
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2008, 22:33
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marshpa wrote:
The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil
War) political history and women’s his-
tory use separate sources and focus
Line on separate issues. Political histori-
(5) ans, examining sources such as voting
records, newspapers, and politicians’
writings, focus on the emergence in the
1840’s of a new “American political
nation,” and since women were neither
(10) voters nor politicians, they receive little
discussion. Women’s historians, mean-
while, have shown little interest in the
subject of party politics, instead draw-
ing on personal papers, legal records
(15) such as wills, and records of female
associations to illuminate women’s
domestic lives, their moral reform
activities, and the emergence of the
woman’s rights movement.
(20) However, most historians have
underestimated the extent and signifi-
cance of women’s political allegiance
in the antebellum period. For example,
in the presidential election campaigns
(25) of the 1840’s, the Virginia Whig party
strove to win the allegiance of Virginia’s
women by inviting them to rallies and
speeches. According to Whig propa-
ganda, women who turned out at the
(30) party’s rallies gathered information
that enabled them to mold party-loyal
families, reminded men of moral values
that transcended party loyalty, and con-
ferred moral standing on the party.
(35) Virginia Democrats, in response,
began to make similar appeals to
women as well. By the mid-1850’s
the inclusion of women in the rituals of
party politics had become common-
(40) place, and the ideology that justified
such inclusion had been assimilated
by the Democrats.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q:
The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to

A. examine the tactics of antebellum political parties with regard to women -> nothing is discussed in passage about this
B. trace the effect of politics on the emergence of the woman’s rights movement -> women helped parties to win and not vice versa.Eliminate
C. point out a deficiency in the study of a particular historical period -> perfect since refer to line (20)where theis is stressed upon and following that the evidence is given
D. discuss the ideologies of opposing antebellum political parties -> nopes not the main point in passage.
E. contrast the methodologies in two differing fields of historical inquiry -> nopes irrelevant

Please post answers with detailed reasons.


I go (C),In the whole article its discussed about how effective the women's movement is .
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2008, 22:56
Good one spriya, OA is C.
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2013, 00:30
I know that OA on this are: C C E
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2013, 22:28
... i dont get Q4 (the last question)
I was actually not sure whether C or D is right. I picked D. But it turned out E is it.
What do you think about this question?

I think C is out because there were no (mentioned) reform activities.
D is wrong because women did not come to the parade to demonstrate, but rather just to be present (gather information blablabla)
So, E is the only answer choice that was mentioned in the paragraph.
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There is one more question for this RC.

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following
statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?
A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in
the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.
B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political
involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.
C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in
Whig and Democratic party politics.
D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics
in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.
E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the
woman’s rights movement.


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone why E is the answer choice and not C

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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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ankurgupta03 wrote:
There is one more question for this RC.

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following
statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?
A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in
the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.
B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political
involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.
C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in
Whig and Democratic party politics.
D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics
in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.
E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the
woman’s rights movement.


[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone why E is the answer choice and not C



However, most historians have underestimated the extent and significance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period. For example........

E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the woman’s rights movement.

Role(Women political activities) in Women rights movement.

You can read the first line of second para as I stated above. Nowhere "Many historians" mentioned "women rights movement".

However they did underestimated something which option (C) highlights.

Hope that helps!

(C) is the answer choice as per the document that I have for GMATPrep questions !
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 06:48
Can someone please explain Q3?
I answered incorrectly.
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adamyos1 wrote:
Can someone please explain Q3?
I answered incorrectly.


Q3: The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?


Focus on these words in the pasage:

Political histori-ans, examining sources such as voting records, newspapers, and politicians’ writings, focus on the emergence in the 1840’s of a new “American political nation,” and since women were neither voters nor politicians, they receive little discussion....

Women’s historians, mean- while, have shown little interest in the subject of party politics, ...

However, most historians have underestimated the extent and signifi-cance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period....



A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.

Two parties were mentioned to stress the fact that women were the focus of political parties in pre-civil war period and historians failed to recognize this fact and not that they failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s. Eliminate.

B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.

Similar to A. Two parties were mentioned to stress the fact that women were the focus of political parties in pre-civil war period and historians failed to recognize this fact. Eliminate.


C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in Whig and Democratic party politics.

We are given that political historians did not give important to women and women historians showed little interest in the subject of party politics. Then it is also stated that most historians have underestimated the extent and signifi-cance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period. Then later on the passage states the role played by women in the politics of the two political parties. Combining all these facts we can infer C.


D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.

They did not misinterpret the things they analyzed. They kind of ignored that aspect. Eliminate.


E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the woman’s rights movement.

Woman’s rights movement was the focus of women's historians only.

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9 mins all correct. Feel free to message if you have any specific query.
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 20:32
Hi GMATNinjaTwo And GMATNinja,

Could you please explain these two que.

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following
statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?
A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in
the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.
B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political
involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.
C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in
Whig and Democratic party politics.
D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics
in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.
E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the
woman’s rights movement.

OA:C Why not B

According to the second paragraph of the passage (lines 20-42), Whig propaganda
included the assertion that
A. women should enjoy more political rights than they did
B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family
C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values
D. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior
E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party

OA:E And Why not C?
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2017, 23:05
Tough Passage. Got 2 incorrect.

Bumping for everyone.
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history [#permalink]

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1)When you first read a passage, focus on the author's DICTION.
The details are not that important.
What matters is HOW those details are expressed.
Paragraph 1: Since women were neither voters nor politicians, they receive little discussion.
Implication of the portion in red:
Political historians are WRONG.
The role of women should receive MORE DISCUSSION.
Paragraph 1: Women’s historians, meanwhile, have shown little interest in the subject of party politics.
implication of the portion in red:
Women's historians are WRONG.
They should show MORE INTEREST in the subject of party politics.
Paragraph 2: Most historians have underestimated the extent and significance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period.
Implication of the portion in red:
Most historians are WRONG.
They have UNDERESTIMATED the role of women.
In both paragraphs, the choice of language makes the author's position clear:
Historians are WRONG not to discuss the role of women in antebellum politics.
Only C describes the author's primary purpose: to point out a DEFICIENCY -- that historians are WRONG not to discuss the role of women in antebellum politics.
The correct answer is C.
2)The relevant line, again: According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party's rallies gathered information that enabled them to mold party-loyal families, reminded men of moral values that transcended party loyalty, and conferred moral standing on the party.
We get a list of positive consequences of the women attending these rallies. Notice the difference in the language between E and C.
E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party
C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values
The sentence is about the impact of the women's presence at the rallies, not about their reform activities.
3)"By the mid-1850’s the inclusion of women in the rituals of party politics had become commonplace, and the ideology that justified such inclusion had been assimilated by the Democrats". Democrats didn't created an idelogy, instead they understood the ideology and due to this option C is wrong and E is correct.
4)The first sentence of the second paragraph: However, most historians have underestimated the extent and significance of women's political allegiance in the antebellum period. The rest of the paragraph details the important role that women played in the Whig and Democratic parties in the 1840's. This notion is captured in C.
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Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2017, 13:09

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