Last visit was: 23 May 2024, 09:03 It is currently 23 May 2024, 09:03
Close
GMAT Club Daily Prep
Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History
Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.
Close
Request Expert Reply
Confirm Cancel
SORT BY:
Date
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 146
Own Kudos [?]: 330 [144]
Given Kudos: 0
Send PM
Most Helpful Reply
Director
Director
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 510
Own Kudos [?]: 3392 [22]
Given Kudos: 877
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE:Education (Education)
Send PM
Tutor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 14891
Own Kudos [?]: 65441 [20]
Given Kudos: 431
Location: Pune, India
Send PM
General Discussion
User avatar
Manager
Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 145
Own Kudos [?]: 685 [0]
Given Kudos: 4
Location: Washington DC
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil
War) political history and women’s his-
tory use separate sources and focus
Line on separate issues. Political histori-
(5) ans, examining sources such as voting
records, newspapers, and politicians’
writings, focus on the emergence in the
1840’s of a new “American political
nation,” and since women were neither
(10) voters nor politicians, they receive little
discussion. Women’s historians, mean-
while, have shown little interest in the
subject of party politics, instead draw-
ing on personal papers, legal records
(15) such as wills, and records of female
associations to illuminate women’s
domestic lives, their moral reform
activities, and the emergence of the
woman’s rights movement.
(20) However, most historians have
underestimated the extent and signifi-
cance of women’s political allegiance
in the antebellum period. For example,
in the presidential election campaigns
(25) of the 1840’s, the Virginia Whig party
strove to win the allegiance of Virginia’s
women by inviting them to rallies and
speeches. According to Whig propa-
ganda, women who turned out at the
(30) party’s rallies gathered information
that enabled them to mold party-loyal
families, reminded men of moral values
that transcended party loyalty, and con-
ferred moral standing on the party.
(35) Virginia Democrats, in response,
began to make similar appeals to
women as well. By the mid-1850’s
the inclusion of women in the rituals of
party politics had become common-
(40) place, and the ideology that justified
such inclusion had been assimilated
by the Democrats.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q:
The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is to

A. examine the tactics of antebellum political parties with regard to women
B. trace the effect of politics on the emergence of the woman’s rights movement
C. point out a deficiency in the study of a particular historical period
D. discuss the ideologies of opposing antebellum political parties
E. contrast the methodologies in two differing fields of historical inquiry

Please post answers with detailed reasons.
avatar
Intern
Intern
Joined: 16 Jun 2013
Posts: 14
Own Kudos [?]: 525 [1]
Given Kudos: 8
GMAT 1: 540 Q34 V30
GMAT 2: 700 Q43 V42
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
1
Kudos
... i dont get Q4 (the last question)
I was actually not sure whether C or D is right. I picked D. But it turned out E is it.
What do you think about this question?

I think C is out because there were no (mentioned) reform activities.
D is wrong because women did not come to the parade to demonstrate, but rather just to be present (gather information blablabla)
So, E is the only answer choice that was mentioned in the paragraph.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 1372
Own Kudos [?]: 1832 [4]
Given Kudos: 833
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.35
WE:Consulting (Computer Software)
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
3
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
There is one more question for this RC.

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following
statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?
A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in
the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.
B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political
involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.
C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in
Whig and Democratic party politics.
D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics
in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.
E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the
woman’s rights movement.


Can someone why E is the answer choice and not C
User avatar
Director
Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 587
Own Kudos [?]: 3180 [4]
Given Kudos: 322
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE:Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
3
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
ankurgupta03 wrote:
There is one more question for this RC.

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following
statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?
A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in
the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.
B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political
involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.
C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in
Whig and Democratic party politics.
D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics
in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.
E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the
woman’s rights movement.


Can someone why E is the answer choice and not C



However, most historians have underestimated the extent and significance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period. For example........

E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the woman’s rights movement.

Role(Women political activities) in Women rights movement.

You can read the first line of second para as I stated above. Nowhere "Many historians" mentioned "women rights movement".

However they did underestimated something which option (C) highlights.

Hope that helps!

(C) is the answer choice as per the document that I have for GMATPrep questions !
avatar
Intern
Intern
Joined: 10 Dec 2014
Posts: 3
Own Kudos [?]: 13 [0]
Given Kudos: 1
Location: Israel
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.44
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
Can someone please explain Q3?
I answered incorrectly.
Manager
Manager
Joined: 25 Feb 2014
Posts: 182
Own Kudos [?]: 450 [16]
Given Kudos: 147
GMAT 1: 720 Q50 V38
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
10
Kudos
6
Bookmarks
adamyos1 wrote:
Can someone please explain Q3?
I answered incorrectly.


Q3: The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?


Focus on these words in the pasage:

Political histori-ans, examining sources such as voting records, newspapers, and politicians’ writings, focus on the emergence in the 1840’s of a new “American political nation,” and since women were neither voters nor politicians, they receive little discussion....

Women’s historians, mean- while, have shown little interest in the subject of party politics, ...

However, most historians have underestimated the extent and signifi-cance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period....



A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.

Two parties were mentioned to stress the fact that women were the focus of political parties in pre-civil war period and historians failed to recognize this fact and not that they failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s. Eliminate.

B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.

Similar to A. Two parties were mentioned to stress the fact that women were the focus of political parties in pre-civil war period and historians failed to recognize this fact. Eliminate.


C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in Whig and Democratic party politics.

We are given that political historians did not give important to women and women historians showed little interest in the subject of party politics. Then it is also stated that most historians have underestimated the extent and signifi-cance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period. Then later on the passage states the role played by women in the politics of the two political parties. Combining all these facts we can infer C.


D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.

They did not misinterpret the things they analyzed. They kind of ignored that aspect. Eliminate.


E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the woman’s rights movement.

Woman’s rights movement was the focus of women's historians only.
Director
Director
Joined: 06 Jan 2015
Posts: 737
Own Kudos [?]: 1591 [1]
Given Kudos: 579
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GPA: 3.35
WE:Information Technology (Computer Software)
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
1
Kudos
Hi GMATNinjaTwo And GMATNinja,

Could you please explain these two que.

The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following
statements regarding most historians of the antebellum period?
A. They have failed to adequately contrast the differing roles that women played in
the Democratic and Whig parties in the 1850’s.
B. They have failed to see that political propaganda advocating women’s political
involvement did not reflect the reality of women’s actual roles.
C. They have incorrectly assumed that women’s party loyalty played a small role in
Whig and Democratic party politics.
D. They have misinterpreted descriptions of women’s involvement in party politics
in records of female associations and women’s personal papers.
E. They have overlooked the role that women’s political activities played in the
woman’s rights movement.

OA:C Why not B

According to the second paragraph of the passage (lines 20-42), Whig propaganda
included the assertion that
A. women should enjoy more political rights than they did
B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family
C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values
D. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior
E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party

OA:E And Why not C?
Director
Director
Joined: 20 Dec 2015
Status:Learning
Posts: 873
Own Kudos [?]: 568 [0]
Given Kudos: 755
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Marketing
GMAT 1: 670 Q48 V36
GRE 1: Q157 V157
GPA: 3.4
WE:Engineering (Manufacturing)
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
Q4: According to the second paragraph of the passage (lines 20-42), Whig propaganda included the assertion that

A. women should enjoy more political rights than they did

B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family

C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values

D. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior

E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party
Why option B is wrong here ?
Manager
Manager
Joined: 28 Jun 2015
Posts: 59
Own Kudos [?]: 51 [3]
Given Kudos: 163
Location: Australia
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
2
Kudos
1
Bookmarks
arvind910619 wrote:
Q4: According to the second paragraph of the passage (lines 20-42), Whig propaganda included the assertion that
A. women should enjoy more political rights than they did
B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family
C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values
D. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior
E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party
Why option B is wrong here ?


Hi there,

I'll give you my reasoning, please let me know if you spot gap.
Passage tells us
According to Whig propaganda,
women who turned out at the
party’s rallies gathered information
that enabled them to mold party-loyal
families, reminded men of moral values
that transcended party loyalty, and
conferred moral standing on the party


The highlighted portions are almost verbatim to the wording in E: women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party


B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family
Most important influences? ummm not sure about that. Tad extreme.
important influence? yes, sure. but Most is wrong.

Hope it helps. Let me know of any doubts.
RzS
Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Status:Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Posts: 2099
Own Kudos [?]: 8865 [3]
Given Kudos: 171
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE:Information Technology (Consulting)
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
3
Kudos
arvind910619 wrote:
Q4: According to the second paragraph of the passage (lines 20-42), Whig propaganda included the assertion that

A. women should enjoy more political rights than they did

B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family

C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values

D. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior

E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party
Why option B is wrong here ?


According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party's rallies gathered information that enabled them to mold party-loyal families, reminded men of moral values that transcended party loyalty, and conferred moral standing on the party.

B. -- the word MOST important makes B incorrect
E . The sentence is about the impact of the women's presence at the rallies
Manager
Manager
Joined: 20 Jan 2016
Posts: 56
Own Kudos [?]: 61 [0]
Given Kudos: 68
Location: Canada
Schools: HBS '18
WE:Consulting (Other)
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
4. According to the passage, which of the following was true of Virginia Democrats in the mid-1850’s?

A. They feared that their party was losing its strong moral foundation.

B. They believed that the Whigs’ inclusion of women in party politics had led to the Whigs’ success in many elections.

C. They created an ideology that justified the inclusion of women in party politics.

D. They wanted to demonstrate that they were in support of the woman’s rights movement.

E. They imitated the Whigs’ efforts to include women in the rituals of party politics

Can someone confirm my thinking: C is wrong because democrats did not "create" the ideology; they "assimilated it". Correct?
Tutor
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 14891
Own Kudos [?]: 65441 [3]
Given Kudos: 431
Location: Pune, India
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
3
Kudos
Expert Reply
Let's understand the passage:

The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s history use separate sources and focus on separate issues.
Political historians, examining different sources and women receive little discussion.
Women’s historians, meanwhile ignore party politics, and focus on different sources such as their moral reform activities, and the emergence of the woman’s rights movement.

However, most historians have underestimated the extent and significance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period. - most important sentence

For example, in the presidential election campaigns of the 1840’s, the Virginia Whig party strove to win the allegiance of Virginia’s women by inviting them to rallies and speeches. According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party’s rallies gathered information that enabled them to mold party-loyal families, reminded men of moral values that transcended party loyalty, and conferred moral standing on the party. Virginia Democrats, in response, began to make similar appeals to women as well. By the mid-1850’s the inclusion of women in the rituals of party politics had become commonplace and the ideology that justified such inclusion had been assimilated by the Democrats.
Intern
Intern
Joined: 12 Jul 2018
Posts: 48
Own Kudos [?]: 35 [0]
Given Kudos: 620
Location: India
Schools: ISB '20 NUS '21
GMAT 1: 420 Q26 V13
GMAT 2: 540 Q44 V21
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
Thank You so much for helping. I am still stuck on the question 3; I understand option B goes away because the words women were MOST IMPORTANT INFLUENCERS are too & not mentioned in the passage.

But why is option C incorrect? the passage does mention (the same sentence According to Whig Propaganda): '....women...reminded men of moral values ....'


3: According to the second paragraph of the passage (lines 20-42), Whig propaganda included the assertion that

A. women should enjoy more political rights than they did

B. women were the most important influences on political attitudes within a family - Whig's propaganda does not say this. We know that the info they collected enabled them to mold party loyal families, but were they the most important influencers, we can't say.

C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values

D. women’s demonstrations at rallies would influence men’s voting behavior

E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party - Correct. Notice this line: According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party’s rallies ... conferred moral standing on the party.
Current Student
Joined: 23 Dec 2017
Posts: 81
Own Kudos [?]: 32 [0]
Given Kudos: 148
Location: India
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
In Q3, I choose C, can you please tell me the issue with C.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Status: GMAT/GRE/LSAT tutors
Posts: 6936
Own Kudos [?]: 63985 [8]
Given Kudos: 1794
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
6
Kudos
2
Bookmarks
Expert Reply
saury2k wrote:
In Q3, I choose C, can you please tell me the issue with C.

Take another look at the exact wording of (C):
Quote:
C. women’s reform activities reminded men of important moral values

The problem with this answer choice is that it focuses on women's "reform activities." The passage does not mention women participating in reform activities (for example, campaigning for a certain change in policy). There is no evidence that Whig propaganda included any assertions that women were involved in these kinds of activities -- instead, they were merely invited to attend rallies and speeches. So, even if women "reminded men of important moral values," the Whig party never claimed that they did so through reform activities. For this reason, (C) is out.

Compare that with the evidence for (E):
Quote:
E. women’s presence at rallies would enhance the moral standing of the party

The author states that "According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party’s rallies... conferred moral standing on the party." This closely aligns with (E), which is the correct answer choice.

I hope that helps!
Manager
Manager
Joined: 30 Sep 2017
Posts: 129
Own Kudos [?]: 123 [0]
Given Kudos: 658
GMAT 1: 710 Q48 V38
GPA: 3.8
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
Hi

Many of you would agree that the elimination in Q4 comes down to two choice, apparently E being the correct one.

4. According to the passage, which of the following was true of Virginia Democrats in the mid-1850’s?
C. They created an ideology that justified the inclusion of women in party politics.
E. They imitated the Whigs’ efforts to include women in the rituals of party politics


Nevertheless, can someone please help me understand where did I falter? My reasoning was:
a) "<...>, in the presidential election campaigns of the 1840’s, <...> Virginia Democrats, in response, began to make similar appeals to women as well. By the mid-1850’s <...> and the ideology that justified such inclusion had been assimilated by the Democrats" - this portion does not directly say that the imitation took place in the in the mid-1850’s. More likely it seems that the imitation took place in the 1840’s
b) the question specifically asks for Virginia Democrats in the mid-1850’s
c) the question explicitly references to the last two sentences of the passage
d) the combination of the two seems to reasonably point to E

Thanks for your kind gesture

SajjadAhmad workout GMATNinjaTwo u1983 GMATNinja Gnpth anairamitch1804 VeritasKarishma
Intern
Intern
Joined: 13 Jun 2018
Posts: 24
Own Kudos [?]: 7 [0]
Given Kudos: 35
Send PM
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
4. According to the passage, which of the following was true of Virginia Democrats in the mid-1850’s? [/b]

A. They feared that their party was losing its strong moral foundation.

B. They believed that the Whigs’ inclusion of women in party politics had led to the Whigs’ success in many elections.

C. They created an ideology that justified the inclusion of women in party politics.

D. They wanted to demonstrate that they were in support of the woman’s rights movement.

E. They imitated the Whigs’ efforts to include women in the rituals of party politics


[/box_in][/box_out][/quote]


According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party’s rallies gathered information that enabled them to mold party-loyal families, reminded men of moral values that transcended party loyalty, and conferred moral standing on the party. Virginia Democrats, in response, began to make similar appeals to women as well. By the mid-1850’s the inclusion of women in the rituals of party politics had become commonplace and the ideology that justified such inclusion had been assimilated by the Democrats.

this clearly states that after the Whig propaganda , Virginia Democrats imitated the Whigs’ efforts to include women in the rituals of party politics.FULLSTOP.
THEN IS THE NEXT LINE it is stated thatBy the mid-1850’s the inclusion of women in the rituals of party politics had become commonplace and the ideology that justified such inclusion had been assimilated by the Democrats. so the answer to this question should be c as we are now talking about mid 1850s.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s [#permalink]
 1   2   
Moderators:
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
6936 posts
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
238 posts
GRE Forum Moderator
14034 posts