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The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art

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The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Dec 2019, 23:59
5
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A
B
C
D
E

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The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art, is prominent among the hieroglyphics inscribed on a monument that was discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz.

(A) being a recurrent symbol within
(B) a symbol having recurred within
(c) a recurring symbol in
(D) having been a symbol that recurred in
(E) recurring as it is, a symbol in

https://www.nytimes.com/1993/03/23/science/language-of-early-americans-is-deciphered.html

The Olmecs were a particularly enigmatic people, known today mainly through their distinctive sculpture of huge human heads with masklike expressions and thick lips. Their heartland was in the Mexican states of Veracruz and Tabasco. Although they built no great cities, the Olmecs developed a wide trading network and left a legacy of art and religious ritual. The jaguar, a recurring theme in Olmec art, is a prominent figure in the stela text.

In a commentary accompanying the report, Dr. Stuart wrote, "The art of the Olmec and their Middle Preclassic neighbors appears to reflect many fundamental patterns seen in later Mesoamerican remains, including certain political and religious motifs and themes, the use of the calendar, and the beginning of writing -- although examples of the latter are rare."

Originally posted by Shilpi85 on 01 Jun 2013, 17:18.
Last edited by Bunuel on 12 Dec 2019, 23:59, edited 5 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2013, 00:49
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IMO, C is correct.

(1) First, we split between "within" and "in". We always say in ABC art/culture/business/economy/trouble......e.g. in American culture; in modern art; in social economy......But we don't say "within modern art". Normally, "within" requires a parameter to be more accurate, e.g. Do not smoke within 20 feet of the building
So, A, B are out.

(2) Among other answers, C is correct.
(c) a recurring symbol in ==> Correct
(D) having been a symbol that recurred in ==> awkward & ungrammatical.
(E) recurring as it is, a symbol in ==> "as it is" does not refer to anything.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2013, 01:51
Shilpi85 wrote:
The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art, is prominent among the hieroglyphics inscribed on a monument that was discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz.

(A) being a recurrent symbol within
(B) a symbol having recurred within
(c) a recurring symbol in
(D) having been a symbol that recurred in
(E) recurring as it is, a symbol in


Being is not required here. We can modify without being. A out.
C is concise and apt.
Rest all are wordy. Having/recurring as it is/a symbol having
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2013, 11:26
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Shilpi85 wrote:
The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art, is prominent among the hieroglyphics inscribed on a monument that was discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz.

(A) being a recurrent symbol within
(B) a symbol having recurred within
(c) a recurring symbol in
(D) having been a symbol that recurred in
(E) recurring as it is, a symbol in



IMO, its C.

Option C is very concise & helps to easily answer the question -> "Why is the Jaguar.....a prominent symbol in Hieroglyphics?" A:"Because it is a recurring symbol in Olmec Art.

Hope it helps!
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2013, 12:37
IMO it is C

The way how I approached the question:

The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art, is prominent among the hieroglyphics inscribed on a monument that was discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz.

I read the the sentence without the modifier to understand the sentence better and then I checked which of the given options is a best fit as a modifier.
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2013, 09:22
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C uses an "appositive" and one needs to be comfortable with the usage of appositives as modifiers.

In English, appositives extend/redefine the preceding noun:

Sachin, a great player in contemporary cricket, has scored highest number of centuries in first class cricket.
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2019, 09:20
Shilpi85 wrote:
The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art, is prominent among the hieroglyphics inscribed on a monument that was discovered in the Mexican state of Veracruz.

(A) being a recurrent symbol within
(B) a symbol having recurred within
(c) a recurring symbol in
(D) having been a symbol that recurred in
(E) recurring as it is, a symbol in



(A) being a recurrent symbol within - Wrong: Unnecessary use of "being".
(B) a symbol having recurred within - Wrong: "having recurred" implies past tense, which is wrong since the sentence is using present tense "is".
(c) a recurring symbol in - Correct
(D) having been a symbol that recurred in - Wrong: 1) "having recurred" implies past tense, which is wrong since the sentence is using present tense "is". 2) Wordy
(E) recurring as it is, a symbol in - Wrong: Bad structure
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2019, 19:57
Is being a gerund or a participle in option A? Why?
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2020, 00:58
The sentence can be read without the phrase being a recurrent symbol within since it is a parenthetical phrase.
It then becomes easy to identify the purpose of the phrase.

Here we can see that the phrase acts as a description for the jaguar. In other words, it is an appositive that modifies the figure of the jaguar.

We can eliminate Option A for the use of being. On the GMAT, ‘being’ always raises a red flag. But that does not mean that an answer choice with ‘being’ is incorrect. When a passive continuous verb tense is required, the use of ‘being’ is correct. For example: The injuries are being tended to …

Option B can be eliminated for the wrong tense use. We need a present tense.
Options D and E use grammatically bad construction and wrong tense. Eliminate.

Option C is the best choice.

Hope this helps!
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Re: The figure of the jaguar, being a recurrent symbol within Olmec art   [#permalink] 17 Feb 2020, 00:58
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