GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 31 Mar 2020, 15:42

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 188
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 18 Jun 2019, 20:28
11
66
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:31) correct 53% (01:33) wrong based on 1696 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.


(A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch

(B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's

(C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

(D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

(E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch

Originally posted by nelz007 on 11 Nov 2012, 22:25.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Jun 2019, 20:28, edited 2 times in total.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 972
Location: United States
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2013, 17:31
9
5
SmokedRing wrote:
Vineetk wrote:
A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch: Incorrect. that of should be those of
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect Changes the subject for second clause.
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.


I am still confuse about - THAT. :cry:
Is that singular or plural..?
for eg: Expectations that are fulfilled ....<insert something>.. ..
Here that ----> expectations----->plural.

Someone plz clarify. :roll: :shock:


Hi smokering.
The two "that" are different. The one in the question is "demonstrative pronoun". The one that you mention is "relative pronoun".

* Demonstrative pronoun can function by themselves as substitutes for specific nouns / antecedents. ==> The parallel nature must be maintained.
For example:
WRONG: The books I borrowed at the library yesterday are similar to THAT of your. "books" - plural is not parallel to "that" which refers to singular antecedent.
CORRECT: The books I borrowed at the library yesterday are similar to THOSE of your.

*Relative pronoun is used to introduce one type of subordinate clause called a relative clause
"that" modifies the preceding noun/noun phrase. It does not matter the preceding noun/noun phrase is singular or plural.
For example: The cars THAT have introduced in the auto show are very expensive.

Hope it helps.
General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 206
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Nov 2012, 23:03
3
2
nelz007 wrote:
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch


IMO B. What does the answer guide say?

The non-underlined part start with were unable to perform..., whose subject should computers, as dictated by the meaning, not H/w or S/W
A has a comparison problem - you have limitationS in the 1st half but you that in the 2nd half of the comparison. that is singular but we need those to compare it with "limitationS"
So go with B.

Cheers
AGSM Thread Master
User avatar
Joined: 19 Jul 2012
Posts: 126
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, International Business
GMAT 1: 630 Q49 V28
GPA: 3.3
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Nov 2012, 23:08
7
4
A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch: Incorrect. that of should be those of
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect Changes the subject for second clause.
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 22 Sep 2012
Posts: 13
GMAT Date: 09-12-2013
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2013, 11:20
Vineetk wrote:
A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch: Incorrect. that of should be those of
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect Changes the subject for second clause.
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch. Incorrect. Changes the subject for second clause.


I am still confuse about - THAT. :cry:
Is that singular or plural..?
for eg: Expectations that are fulfilled ....<insert something>.. ..
Here that ----> expectations----->plural.

Someone plz clarify. :roll: :shock:
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jan 2013
Posts: 28
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2013, 22:16
1
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.

The X had many problems similar to Y. The comparison is between personal computers and wristwatch. Not between problems of computers and problems of wristwatch.
That of/ those of is not required

Correct me if I am wrong..!!
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 677
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2013, 22:24
1
1
adityapagadala wrote:
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's: Correct.

The X had many problems similar to Y. The comparison is between personal computers and wristwatch. Not between problems of computers and problems of wristwatch.
That of/ those of is not required

Correct me if I am wrong..!!


IMO no it is not comparison between computer and wristwatch...rather
comparison is between problems of computer and problems of wristwatch.
we dont need that of / those of because WRISTWATCH'S (posessive form is already their.
THAT OF /THOSE OF is required when ONLY WRISTWATCH is present.

HOPE it is clear.
_________________
When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...



GMAT RCs VOCABULARY LIST: http://gmatclub.com/forum/vocabulary-list-for-gmat-reading-comprehension-155228.html
learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment
: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APt9ITygGss
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 686
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Jul 2014, 00:42
2
A good question, it involves importance of focus on non underlined portion to identify the right answer.

The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch -- no proper reference of that available.

B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's -- comparison is ok also subject matches with sentence in non underlined part.

C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch -- comparison is ok -- but limitations does not qualifies as logical subject of non underlined portion.

D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch -- similar to C

E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch -- same as A
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2015
Posts: 185
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jan 2016, 04:40
Hi chetan2u / daagh,

I have 1 doubt on on this question. Please help

What is the difference between Option C and D
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch.

I have learnt that we we try to avoid possessive's of non living thing.

Eg-
Scenario 1:
A) The shoes of Jim.
B) Jim's shoes.

Here we give preference to B.

Scenario 2:
A) The ABC law of government.
B) Government's ABC law.

Here we give preference to A.

In the above-mentioned examples its just the question of preferences but actually the meaning is same. (Correct me if I am wrong)

What to do if we come across any options like in this question.

Please assist.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
_________________
Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
Retired Moderator
avatar
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 602
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jan 2016, 05:01
Quote:
What is the difference between Option C and D
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch.

I have learnt that we we try to avoid possessive's of non living thing.


this is more of a guide line and not a POINTER to eliminate any choice; the logic is that NON LIVING things CANNOT possess but i have seen a OFFICIAL SC in which this RULE IS FLOUTED . so YES to ELIMINATE C and D it is better you go with the PARALLELISM issue as both are WRONG in that CONTEXT
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2015
Posts: 185
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 11 Jan 2016, 05:59
aditya8062 wrote:
Quote:
What is the difference between Option C and D
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch.

I have learnt that we we try to avoid possessive's of non living thing.


this is more of a guide line and not a POINTER to eliminate any choice; the logic is that NON LIVING things CANNOT possess but i have seen a OFFICIAL SC in which this RULE IS FLOUTED . so YES to ELIMINATE C and D it is better you go with the PARALLELISM issue as both are WRONG in that CONTEXT



Hi aditya8062,

Thanks alot for quick reply.

So, in general can we say that.

eg 1- A of B is similar to (that/those) of C.
Here that/those refer to A.

Eg 2- B's A is similar to (that/those) of C.
Here that/those refer to B.

Please assist.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar
_________________
Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar

Originally posted by PrakharGMAT on 11 Jan 2016, 05:03.
Last edited by PrakharGMAT on 11 Jan 2016, 05:59, edited 1 time in total.
Math Expert
avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8295
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jan 2016, 05:09
1
RAHKARP27071989 wrote:
Hi chetan2u / daagh,

I have 1 doubt on on this question. Please help

What is the difference between Option C and D
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch.

I have learnt that we we try to avoid possessive's of non living thing.

Eg-
Scenario 1:
A) The shoes of Jim.
B) Jim's shoes.

Here we give preference to B.

Scenario 2:
A) The ABC law of government.
B) Government's ABC law.

Here we give preference to A.

In the above-mentioned examples its just the question of preferences but actually the meaning is same. (Correct me if I am wrong)

What to do if we come across any options like in this question.

Please assist.

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar


hi,
It may be correct that few follow the rule avoiding the 'possessive ' of inanimate nouns. But that is not followed in GMAT and most of the cases in real world..
'S or of are ok till the time they are not interfering in the meaning part of it.
Generally this will not be a reason to eliminate a choice..
_________________
Retired Moderator
avatar
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 602
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jan 2016, 05:12
1
1
Quote:
eg 1- A of B is similar to (that/those) of C.
Here that/those refer to A.

Eg 2- B's A is similar to (that/those) of C.
Here that/those refer to B.


this is again subjected to condition as what structure is available to you ---->by this i mean that you have to select an option that is MOST PARALLEL -----> so "A of B is similar to (that/those) of C" is MORE PARALLEL THAN "B's A is similar to (that/those) of C." ---->by this i mean that your example 2 is NOT WRONG but is inferior to your example 1 --->but TRUST ME GMAC will never make you choose between these TWO options (example 2 is ALSO correct but given a option of example 1 ,it will be prudent to pick option 1)

pronouns such as THAT / THOSE create new copies so by that standard they can refer to things mentioned in previous clause WITHOUT CARRYING the MODIFIERS in the previous clause

please note that here both C and D are WRONG for PARALLELISM issue and not for the COMPARISON issue ---ALSO the GUIDELINE that you have pointed is TRUE (that non living things CANNOT POSSESS); however do not use it as an ELIMINATOR
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5419
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jan 2016, 05:35
2
I do not think the difference is anything more than notional or customary. We can always have a phrase as ‘the computer’s circuit’ or ‘the interest of the teenagers’.
Therefore, when you see such a thing, perhaps it is better to ignore it totally, as I do not think GMAT will be keen on testing this aspect
However, there are other solid reasons to dump both C and D because the sentence structure is faulty with the subject of the first IC unable to stand for the subject of the second IC logically and hence both these choices should be considered fragments. One must look for such reasons.
_________________
One-to-one video private sessions on SC +91 98845 44509, <newnaren@gmail.com>
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 31 Dec 2016
Posts: 65
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2017, 18:03
B) may only be the right answer because all others are worse.

a) That isn't good as it's a plural subject because of the and.
c) comparing software and hardware to wristwatches
d) Same mistake as c
e) same mistake as C

B) Not sure how I feel about a sentence saying: the first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitation similar to a modern wristwatch's. I really don't like the use of the possessive here. It makes the sentence super unclear in my view.

the Germans had severe missteps and technical issues similar to a modern China's.

I really don't like the use of the possessive here. It makes the sentence super unclear in my view. I can't even really think of a sentence that makes sense using the possessive the way they did.
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 03 Apr 2015
Posts: 250
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V31
GPA: 3.59
Reviews Badge
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Aug 2017, 02:06
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch :that cannot refer to plural noun when used as pronoun,we need those
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch not parallel to so were we need computers
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch not parallel to so were we need computers
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch not parallel to so were we need computers
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 20 Feb 2017
Posts: 184
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
WE: Engineering (Other)
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Dec 2017, 21:07
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION FROM VERITAS
This sentence uses a compound predicate, with a single subject controlling two verbs. Answers (C), (D), and (E) all use the subject "The...limitations", which does not connect to the second verb in the clause "were unable to perform". This creates a Sentence Construction error, so these choices can all be eliminated. Answer (A) uses the relative pronoun phrase "that of a modern wristwatch", while (B) uses the acceptable possessive case "a modern wristwatch's", which ends with an implied relative pronoun. Answer (A)'s use of "that", however, is incorrect: the pronoun antecedent is the plural "limitations", and requires the relative pronoun "those". Thus, only answer (B) grammatically expresses the intent of the original sentence.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Sep 2018
Posts: 60
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Dec 2018, 22:25
I chose the B as the answer but wanted to understand why the other options were wrong.

Wanted to understand why C , D and E are wrong.

C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch
Veritas Prep Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 26 Jul 2010
Posts: 425
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Dec 2018, 09:10
1
Top Contributor
Leonaann wrote:
I chose the B as the answer but wanted to understand why the other options were wrong.

Wanted to understand why C , D and E are wrong.

C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch


This is one of those cases where it's so important to recognize that the whole sentence matters - it's really easy to compare answer choices against each other and forget that the choices have to fit back in to the larger sentence. Note that the immediate beginning of the non-underlined portion is: "and so were unable to perform..." The "and" means that we're connecting ideas and "were unable to perform" means that you need connect verbs from the same subject. ("The subject <verb> and so were unable to perform..." So you need a subject that makes logical sense with "were unable to perform complex operations."

C, D, and E all use "limitations" as the subject - but that doesn't make logical sense because you don't expect limitations to be able to perform complex operations. You need the subject to be "computers" because you would expect them to be able to perform complex operations, if it weren't for those limitations.

And the larger lesson - if you find yourself debating between really similar answer choices, make sure you go back to consider how those answer choices would fit within the larger sentence. That's an easy step to overlook when you're in the heat of comparing A vs. B vs. C..., looking only at choices and kind of overlooking the original prompt itself, so make sure you're very conscious of that.
_________________
Brian

Curriculum Developer, Instructor, and Host of Veritas Prep On Demand

Save $100 on live Veritas Prep GMAT Courses and Admissions Consulting

Enroll now. Pay later. Take advantage of Veritas Prep's flexible payment plan options.

Veritas Prep Reviews
Director
Director
avatar
G
Joined: 09 Mar 2018
Posts: 983
Location: India
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Dec 2018, 19:34
nelz007 wrote:
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch


I have a question regarding the usage of had in the OA , Can someone please justify that usage ?
(Though there are reasons why we could have eliminated the rest but initially i went with C.)

As per my understanding "Had" is used for a past perfect tense, in which an action was completed at some point in the past before something else happened.

So as per the above explanation am i right to say - first personal computers had some complication and at later point in past the wristwatch also developed some.(I am unable to see the verb/action for a simple past event).

Example (Courtesy gmatclub)
I had only just put the washing out(So i first put the clothes out) when it started(simple past event) to rain!

Here the usage is apt.
_________________
If you notice any discrepancy in my reasoning, please let me know. Lets improve together.

Quote which i can relate to.
Many of life's failures happen with people who do not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2018, 19:34

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 24 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne