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The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati

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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2018, 21:25
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The verb "had" on its own is a past-tense synonym for "possessed" (e.g. "Leslie had salmon for dinner last night" or "I had a great time at the party"). It's when "had" is attached to another verb that it indicates the past perfect (like you're example "I had just put the clothes" --> here "had" attaches to "put").

So recognize that "had" can stand alone as a past-tense verb. If you suspect that past-perfect is in play, make sure you identify the other verb that's attached to it.
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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2019, 19:00
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The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

Split 1 - Incorrect pronoun "that" is used instead of "those"
A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch
E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch

The antecedent of "that" is "software limitations, a plural subject, so we require "those".

Split 2 - Nonsensical meaning
C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.
D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

(C) and (D) literally state that the "limitations", which is the subject of each sentence, "were unable to perform the complex operations". This is nonsensical. The personal computers were unable to perform the operations because of the limitations.


This leave's (B)
B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's
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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2019, 21:38
nelz007 wrote:
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.


(A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch

(B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's

(C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

(D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

(E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch



This question is not OG material. I find B, which is the closest to correct, very inadequate; the comparison is incomplete. I will stick with OG problems going forward.
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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2019, 21:43
zvazviri wrote:
nelz007 wrote:
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.


(A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch

(B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's

(C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

(D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch

(E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch



This question is not OG material. I find B, which is the closest to correct, very inadequate; the comparison is incomplete. I will stick with OG problems going forward.


The comparison isn't incomplete.

It's clearing referring to the limitations of a wristwatch. The possessive is used to do this in written english.
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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2020, 02:12
(A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatchthat is wrong as we intend to refer to the limitations (hardware &software) which is plural and so should be referred to by those

(B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch'sCorrectThe subject of the sentence is correct as we later on in the non-underlined portion expand on such computers. The possessive wristwatch's takes the limitations of personal computer.

(C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatchthough here those correctly refers to limitations but the sentence changes the subject to limitations, while it should be the personal comp

(D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatchSubject has changed to limitations which is incorrect as we need the subject to be personal computer for making sense in the non-underlined portion of the sentence

(E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatchsame error of that as in A + changes subject as in C
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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2020, 19:27
Isn't the comparison here between computer and modern wristwatch? Comparing limitation doesn't really make sense since it's sort of the same limitations right? Can someone confirm that?

In other words it's always like this

John, like Walker, has certain limitations.

Not like:

John has certain limitations similar to/like Walker's

So by that logic shouldn't B) have only smartwatch and not smartwatch's ?

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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2020, 22:40
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iamdivs wrote:
Isn't the comparison here between computer and modern wristwatch? Comparing limitation doesn't really make sense since it's sort of the same limitations right? Can someone confirm that?

In other words it's always like this

John, like Walker, has certain limitations.

Not like:

John has certain limitations similar to/like Walker's

So by that logic shouldn't B) have only smartwatch and not smartwatch's ?

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There is no comparison being made between first computers and modern wristwatches. The sentence says that limitations of first computers are similar to limitations of modern wrist watches.

e.g.
John has severe limitations similar to Adam's and so is unable to join us for dinner tonight.

This is fine. Perhaps just like Adam has little babies at home and a wife who works in the night shift, John also needs to tend to his kids in the evening. Their limitations could be similar and that is all the sentence says. There is no comparison between John and Adam.
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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2020, 00:50
The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch and so were unable to perform the complex operations necessary for today's processor-intensive applications.

Error Analysis:
- Subject 1 had certain problems ....compared with..... Problems of Subject 2. I will not definitively reject this answer choice before finding some dirt in the other possible answer choices.


(A) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to that of a modern wristwatch

(B) The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitations similar to a modern wristwatch's
( Better construction than 1st: Now the construction is " Subject 1 had some problems which are similar to Subject 2's problems) - Correct

(C) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
( The subject "Severe hardware and software limitations" also becomes the subject of the verb "were" in the nun-underlined portion, which is illogical)

(D) The first personal computers' severe hardware and software limitations were similar to those of a modern wristwatch
( Incorrect construction again)

(E) The severe hardware and software limitations of the first personal computers were similar to that of a modern wristwatch
( The subject "Severe hardware and software limitations" also becomes the subject of the verb "were" in the nun-underlined portion, which is illogical)
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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati  [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2020, 10:01
daagh wrote:
I do not think the difference is anything more than notional or customary. We can always have a phrase as ‘the computer’s circuit’ or ‘the interest of the teenagers’.
Therefore, when you see such a thing, perhaps it is better to ignore it totally, as I do not think GMAT will be keen on testing this aspect
However, there are other solid reasons to dump both C and D because the sentence structure is faulty with the subject of the first IC unable to stand for the subject of the second IC logically and hence both these choices should be considered fragments. One must look for such reasons.


Hello Sir,

Can you please share a few more examples of questions which have a similar issue as in option C and D? I am still finding it difficult to understand the issue with option C and D.

Thank you !
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Re: The first personal computers had severe hardware and software limitati   [#permalink] 18 May 2020, 10:01

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