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# The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the

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The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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Updated on: 10 Apr 2018, 03:37
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The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.

Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

A. Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.

B. The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.

C. People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function.

D. Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.

E. Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 22 Sep 2014, 21:45.
Last edited by hazelnut on 10 Apr 2018, 03:37, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2014, 22:03
I will choose E

Waiting for OA ..
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2014, 22:54
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souvik101990 wrote:
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals. Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

A. Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.

B. The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.

C. People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function.

D. Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.

E. Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.

E it is.
Fact 1: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second.
Vitamins and minerals in blood stream helps lungs to perform functions.
Fact 2: The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers.

Conclusion: one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.
Smokers can improve lung function by intake of vitamins and minerals.

A. Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.
If true, This additional information strengthens the argument. Incorrect.
B. The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.
If true, This additional information strengthens the argument.As taking V&M will help the smoker to enhance their lung functions. Incorrect.
C. People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function.
Not related to Smokers ,so, It is irrelevant.
D. Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.
This is out of scope.As it is introducing new way to enhance lung function.
E. Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.
What if smoking introduce body chemicals that prevent the V&M from entering blood stream? Then the conclusion will not stand true.hence, It is a necessary assumption for argument.correct.
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2014, 00:46
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second.
The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers.

Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.

Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

IMO E is correct. Possible contenders are A,B and E.But only E sets up the link between bloodstream and V&M.
A. Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.
B. The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.
C. People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function.
>>Other HP r not concern here.
D. Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.
>>Other factors r not concerned here.
E. Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.
>>Hit the nail on the head. If V & M can't be passed into bloodstream whole conclusion fails.

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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2015, 23:53
Vitamin, minerals, fats, carbohydrates, proteins and elements are vital nutrients for the body. If you can able to analyze proper diagnosis of particular vitamin or mineral absence damaging human body. Any deficiency of vitamins and minerals will enhances or stimulates certain diseases likes skin infections, eye disorders or bone disorders. so one must comply with proper nutrientional diet to stabilize or maintain body.
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2015, 02:49
some vitamins or minerals requires higher quantity for decomposition and disintegration to get at least minimum effect and availability in blood and cells. So most of the vitamins like vitamin B12, folic acid, biotin need to be taken on higher quantity and minerals like calcium also.
for more you can order vitamins online at nestpillmart online pharmacy.
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2015, 23:17
souvik101990 wrote:
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers. Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals. Which of the following is an assumption on which this argument depends?

A. Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals.

B. The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets.

C. People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function.

D. Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can.

E. Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream.

Clear E .
It provides additional premise to fill in the existing gap in the argument.
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2016, 11:21
A. Smokers are less likely than nonsmokers to have diets that are rich in vitamins and minerals. Out of Scope

B. The lung function of smokers whose diets are rich in those vitamins and minerals is generally better than that of nonsmokers with comparable diets. The passage doesn't imply the improvement will be better.

C. People whose diets are deficient in those vitamins and minerals do not typically have other health problems in addition to diminished lung function. Out of Scope

D. Stopping smoking will not typically improve lung function more than any diet changes can. Does not relate to the conclusion

E. Smoking does not introduce into the body chemicals that prevent the helpful vitamins and minerals from entering the bloodstream. Deals with the clear assumption that what if the benefits of Vit. & Minerals are subdued because of smoking

IMO E.
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2016, 12:23
I dont understand why D isnt correct. isnt D providing alternate cause for better lung function , assumption sometimes
play defender role , eliminating the alt cause for effect and negating it is having direct effect on conclusion
Quiting smoking is better than any diet . Why isnt this is correct ?if someone can please help
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2016, 12:51
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megha_2709 wrote:
I dont understand why D isnt correct. isnt D providing alternate cause for better lung function , assumption sometimes
play defender role , eliminating the alt cause for effect and negating it is having direct effect on conclusion
Quiting smoking is better than any diet . Why isnt this is correct ?if someone can please help

Check the stimulus carefully -

Quote:
Clearly, therefore, one way for smokers to improve their lung function is for them to increase their intake of foods that are rich in these helpful vitamins and minerals.

The stimulus talks about improving lung function of smokers...

If we take (D) as an assumption then we are stressing -

One way for smokers to improve their lung function is - Quting to smoke...

Back to the Stimulus -

Quote:
The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the bloodstream, the better a person's lung function, as measured by the amount of air the person can expel in one second. The lung function of smokers is significantly worse, on average, than that of nonsmokers.

If smokers quit smoking then the comparison between smokers lung function will not be feasible..

hence (D) is not a good option..

Feel free to revert in case of any doubt...
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2017, 01:55
I don't understand why option B is wrong. Can someone please explain option B thoroughly? In the above comments, it's been told that option B is strengthening the argument. It does so indeed, and that's wherein I'm getting confused because if it's strengthening it should be correct assumption. Assumptions should strengthen the argument, right? It's also been said, it's already told in the argument. Well, I don't think so that's the case because it's saying smokers' lung functions better and the argument mentions quite the opposite of that. @ Experts - Please explain......
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Re: The higher the level of certain vitamins and minerals in the   [#permalink] 10 Dec 2017, 01:55
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