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# The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has [#permalink]

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09 May 2004, 03:11
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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations <which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated> by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating
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When u r about to make ends meet, someone moves the ends.

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09 May 2004, 07:37
if B is right then I will explain.( E would be my next choice )

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09 May 2004, 08:13
The construction should be ( Noun-P - Noun phrase )

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has + led to + Noun-P A, Noun-P B + and + Noun-P C

Noun-P A = the decline of regional dialects
Noun-P B = language variations
Noun-P C = Missing
But The phrase after "cultural heritages" can correspond to the auxilary verb "has" meaning "increased popularity" has perpetuated by geographic isolation. This is very awkward
None of the choices have "and" sperating all the nouns.
B looks Best but also lacks "and" between Noun-P A and Noun-P B

I strongly believe that everything after "language variations" should modify "regional dialects and languge variations"
I feel this sentence is at high difficulty level.

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10 May 2004, 02:38
i thought it's C.

originated // perpetuated.

the second phrase explains the first one in this case does not need the conjunction that or which.

but why originating and perpetuated ? is this correct?

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10 May 2004, 20:36
I believe the only reason to choose D is that it is concise.

Noun language variations is modified by a gerund phrase "originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages"
and
a participle phrase "perpetuated by geographic isolation."

This acceptable. Similar example can be found in the most famous SC about
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=4967
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=6107

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10 May 2004, 20:47
anandnk wrote:
I believe the only reason to choose D is that it is concise.

Noun language variations is modified by a gerund phrase "originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages"
and
a participle phrase "perpetuated by geographic isolation."

This acceptable. Similar example can be found in the most famous SC about
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=4967
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=6107

Nice Anandnk. Exactly the explanation I had in mind but I was waiting for Halle's explanation...
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Paul

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10 May 2004, 20:49
HI Paul,

Congratulations on your new promotion. Praetorian has put a control valve on u, me and halle!

Anand.

By the way this SC is a clone but has a mistake that I mentioned in my earlier post. It is hard to beat the OG as far are SC is concerned.

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10 May 2004, 21:35

it is basically high level of parallelism.

(which) originated from....

(which) were perpetuated by....

so it becomes originating from and perpetuated by

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10 May 2004, 21:35
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