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# The increased popularity and availability of televisions has

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VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1279
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2008, 19:04
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The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

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VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1328

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01 Sep 2008, 20:42
Superficial parallelism is what this Q is testing.

The modifier language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation modifies regional dialects

Clearly which is not the correct one as it needs to touch the word before it.

B is a tempting answer but regional dialects can originate yesterday, today and tomorrow. B cuts this and puts into past tense.

D IMO takes care of this and is the correct answer.
Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 233

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01 Sep 2008, 22:13
IMO C.
I think C maintains ||lism :
language variations originated from..( X) and perpetuated by..(Y)
Manager
Joined: 25 May 2008
Posts: 183

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02 Sep 2008, 02:49
IMO C. In answers we have present or past participle used as adjectives. I think that first of them "originate" indicates a completed thing, so correct is "originated". For paralelism i chose "perpetuated", even if think that would be correct and "perpetuating". What is the OA?

I will open a topic with this problem, past participle vs present participle.
VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1279

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02 Sep 2008, 19:24
Guys good brainstorming
OA is D anyways plsss explain !!!!im not getting this atallll
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Its Now Or Never

Manager
Joined: 21 Aug 2008
Posts: 186

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03 Sep 2008, 01:16
spriya wrote:
Guys good brainstorming
OA is D anyways plsss explain !!!!im not getting this atallll

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

We can rewrite the question sentence given as follows:

language variations which originate from divese ethnic and cultural heritages and which are perpetuated by ~

...And we know we could make the "which ~" part short like...originating and perpetuated...So answer should be D.
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Joined: 04 Jan 2005
Posts: 281
Location: Milan
Schools: Wharton, LBS, UChicago, Kellogg MMM (Donald Jacobs Scholarship), Stanford, HBS

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03 Sep 2008, 02:20
"originated" is passive while we need an active voice to fit in, that's why C is out. "Originated" calls for a "by smthg", not "from smthg".
VP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1279

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05 Sep 2008, 19:32
Richardson wrote:
spriya wrote:
Guys good brainstorming
OA is D anyways plsss explain !!!!im not getting this atallll

The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

We can rewrite the question sentence given as follows:

language variations which originate from divese ethnic and cultural heritages and which are perpetuated by ~

...And we know we could make the "which ~" part short like...originating and perpetuated...So answer should be D.

Thanks so much !!now im clear about the approach
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Its Now Or Never

Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2008
Posts: 390

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05 Sep 2008, 22:43
spriya wrote:
The increased popularity and availability of televisions has led to the decline of regional dialects, language variations which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated by geographic isolation.
(A) which originate from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(B) that originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(C) originated from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(D) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuated
(E) originating from diverse ethnic and cultural heritages and perpetuating

IMO D)

C) is wrong since it contains past. However regional dialects still originate although their origination is in decline

--== Message from GMAT Club Team ==--

This is not a quality discussion. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

To review the GMAT Club's Forums Posting Guidelines, please follow these links: Quantitative | Verbal Please note - we may remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines. Thank you.
Re: SC-language &nbs [#permalink] 05 Sep 2008, 22:43
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