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The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of

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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 12:07
macjas wrote:
The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain why scientists have assumed that it evolved independently of the vertebrate eye.


Structure... , .... , helpS explain why scientists have it

A having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain why scientists have assumed that it
B having hundreds of miniature eyes that are called ommatidia, helps explain why scientists have assumed that they
C with its hundreds of miniature eyes that are called ommatidia, helps explain scientists' assuming that they
D with its hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain scientists' assuming that it
E with its hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, helps explain why scientists have assumed that it
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The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2018, 21:47
The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain why scientists have assumed that it evolved independently of the vertebrate eye.

"having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia" modifies the entire preceding clause "The intricate structure of the compound insect eye"

The subject here in the sentence is "The intricate structure of the compound insect eye" which is singular.
Hence if we eliminate the middlemen i.e. "having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia". It clearly shows the Subject/Verb agreement issue as the first split is "help" or "helps".
With Singular subject it has to be "helps".
Hence A and D go out.

(A) having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain why scientists have assumed that it
Incorrect, because of the reason mentioned.

(B) having hundreds of miniature eyes that are called ommatidia, helps explain why scientists have assumed that they
(C) with its hundreds of miniature eyes that are called ommatidia, helps explain scientists’ assuming that they
The last split "they and it", "they" has no clear antecedent. Here "they" refers to "hundreds of miniature eyes" but this isn't the subject here. The pronoun here must refer to "The intricate structure of the compound insect eye", which is singular, so a singular pronoun is required.
Hence B and C go out.

(D) with its hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, help explain scientists’ assuming that it
Incorrect, because of the reason mentioned on the top.

(E) with its hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia, helps explain why scientists have assumed that it
Correct, with no above mentioned issues.
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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 22 May 2018, 07:25
Are answer B and C also have modifier error?

(B) having hundreds of miniature eyes that are called ommatidia, helps explain why scientists have assumed that they
" having hundreds of miniature eyes that are called ommatidia" - this modifier is using the conjugated verb. Is it correct?

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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 09:02
daagh Can singular pronoun it refers to Eye which is in preposition structure?

daagh wrote:
A case of SV mismatch and pronoun ambiguity and reference. The subject is the singular structure and the verb therefore should be helps, which is three in B, C and E. In B. the plural pronoun, they refer to anything plural but what is in issue is the singular insect eye that is compared with vertebrate eye. C also has the same pronoun mis - reference as in B. E remains with the use of the singular verb helps and singular pronoun it

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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 09:46
gmatbusters

Quote:
Can singular pronoun it refers to Eye which is in preposition structure?

Here are my two cents:
Yes, the rule which you are referring might be pointing that the prepositional phrase can not take subject of the verb.
Here : of the compound insect eye is the prepositional phrase can not determine the verb, but the verb is determined by:
The intricate structure of the compound insect eye. The pronoun (even modifier) can refer back to the subject in prepositional phrase.
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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 10:28
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@gmatbustrs


https://gmatclub.com/forum/can-a-pronou ... 16982.html

Akash wrote

Can a Pronoun refer to a Noun that is a part of a prepositional phrase


Doubt- How "it" can refer to "trouble" because "trouble" is a part of a prepositional phrase that acts as an Adjective - so how a Pronoun can refer to an adjective?

Dear DAakash7,

I'm happy to respond.

With all due respect, my friend, you are strictly following a rule that simply does not exist. I don't know whether some faulty source suggested that this should be a rule, but it's not. Grammar is hard enough! Don't complicate it further by introducing rules that don't exist!

Any noun anywhere in the sentence, in any role, can be the antecedent of a pronoun, as long as the noun is not in the possessive form. It doesn't matter whether the noun is the subject, the object of a verb, or the object of a prepositional phrase.

Hadyn's symphonies are ..... and he thought .... = mistake: antecedent in the possessive

The symphonies of Haydn are ... and he thought ... = 100% correct

It doesn't matter that "of Haydn" has more or less the same logical meaning as "Haydn's." The latter is in the possessive form, and cannot be an antecedent, but the former is not in the possessive form, so it can be the antecedent.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 10:43
gmatbusters wrote:
daagh Can singular pronoun it refers to Eye which is in preposition structure?

daagh wrote:
A case of SV mismatch and pronoun ambiguity and reference. The subject is the singular structure and the verb therefore should be helps, which is three in B, C and E. In B. the plural pronoun, they refer to anything plural but what is in issue is the singular insect eye that is compared with vertebrate eye. C also has the same pronoun mis - reference as in B. E remains with the use of the singular verb helps and singular pronoun it


gmatbusters
In my oponion

The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of miniature eyes called ommatidia,help explain why scientists have assumed that it evolved independently of the vertebrate eye.

the antecedent of it is structure.
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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2018, 11:32
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The focus is a comparison between the insect eye and the vertebrate eye. Otherwise, we may wrongly lead to the weighing of a structure with some other eye
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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2018, 23:38
https://youtu.be/7UEKvzYOaHg
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Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2018, 14:11
Dear experts,
I am puzzled !!
'explain' is NOUN or VERB??
When I ask 'Intricate structure helped what??' answer is ' in explanation why ....'
That means object of word 'help'is 'explain' and hence 'explain' is noun .
But word 'explain' in this form can't be noun. Moreover 'why' clause introduces adv clause and modifies 'explain' NOT 'help'. Hence 'explain' is verb
Re: The intricate structure of the compound insect eye, having hundreds of &nbs [#permalink] 29 Jul 2018, 14:11

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