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# The modernization program for the steel mill will cost

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Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 171
The modernization program for the steel mill will cost [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2009, 22:32
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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.
(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.
(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 May 2008
Posts: 426
Schools: Kellogg Class of 2012
Re: SC - steel mill [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2009, 22:38
I'll go with C

A has a misplaced modifier. B changes the meaning. D is unnecessarily wordy. E is a bit awkward and has ambiguous 'it'

Cheers,
Unplugged
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Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1789
Location: New York
Re: SC - steel mill [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2009, 08:25
definitely between C and E

I will go with E

GMAT prefers "it is hoped" than "hopefully" --> ALMOST ALWAYS wrong to use hopefully.

I would like to add someone's great explantion on this:

"
Why is hopefully wrong? Is it incorrect to say hopefully?

We have an old grammar controversy in English about the use of hopefully. Some people think that it shouldn't be used as a "sentence adverb," (i.e., an adverb at the beginning of the sentence, usually with a comma after it). These people think that it should instead be used like this: We waited for the results hopefully, meaning in a hopeful way.

Inflation in the US has not and, we hope, never will reach a rate of 20 percent a year.

a) and, we hope, never will reach
b) reached and, we hope never will
c) and hopefully never will reach
d) reached and, we hope, never will reach
e) reached and hopefully never will reach

A, B, and C are all wrong because they are not parallel--we can only omit a word if it is exactly the same in both cases.

For example:

I haven't visited Bora Bora, and neither has Kerry [visited Bora Bora].

In this case, I can omit visited Bora Bora because it already appears in the sentence.

Let's look at another example:

I haven't visited Bora Bora, and I probably never will [V] visit Bora Bora [V].

This is wrong, at least on the GMAT, since visited and visit are different.

So, this question, at least the way it's written, presents us with a problem--we need to choose either D, which is grammatically correct, but a little awkward because of the location of 'we hope' or E, which is grammatically correct, but uses the controversial 'hopefully.'

Between the two, I'd go for D as the best GMAT answer, but I don't think this type of question would appear on the GMAT; this question looks to me to be a question from a practice book.

Can you tell me where it's from?

Hope this helps you, Calin!!

Erin
"

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Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1529
Re: SC - steel mill [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2009, 09:50
Another E for the same reason "hopefully" vs "it is hoped".
Re: SC - steel mill   [#permalink] 04 Feb 2009, 09:50
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