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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately

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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2019, 22:27
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altairahmad wrote:
GMATNinja daagh

Can you please comment on whether my understanding of the sentence structure in (E) is correct.

I believe that (E) has nested sentences, as in :

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

Main sentence is "Modernizing the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars.", and the nested sentence is " a program that can be completed in the late 1980’s". The nested sentence is being explained/modified by 'it is hoped'.

Thanks in advance.
Hi altairahmad,

Very well done. There is just one small change that we need to make there. The it is hoped is for the modifier describing a program, and not for a program itself.

That is, that portion of the sentence can be read as (1), but not as (2):

1. a program that (it is hoped) can be completed in the late 1980s
2. (it is hoped) a program that can be completed in the late 1980s

Also, the whole a program that... is an appositive (a noun), not a complete clause or sentence.
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Aug 2019, 23:10
The biggest takeaway here is that "it is hoped that the modernizing will be completed in the late 1980s". If you 'hope', in this case, means you are not certain about the timelines. Hence, when we talk about finish the job by late 1980s, you cannot use the verb 'will' as it implies certainty. The approximate cost of the project is certain. Hence, for that we can use will and should not use can

The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s. (Incorrect usage of 'which')

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars. (Missing verb for modernization program)

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars. ('hopefully to be completed' should be modifying the program. Also, 'hopefully to be completed' is not the best way to communicate this.)

(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars. (It is not hoped that the cost will be approx 51 mn dollars, it is known.)

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars. (Correct)
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2019, 23:10

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