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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5

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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Dec 2018, 06:24
1
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A
B
C
D
E

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34% (01:05) correct 66% (01:04) wrong based on 595 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 29: Sentence Correction (SC2)


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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

Originally posted by sacmanitin on 27 Oct 2009, 02:47.
Last edited by aragonn on 05 Dec 2018, 06:24, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2010, 19:47
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Hey All,

I was just trolling the boards, and then I saw myself summoned! So here I am, Indien! : )

The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.
PROBLEM: "which" is a relative pronoun that opens up a modifying phrase. The rule on that is that it must always tough the noun it modifies. The modernization of the steel mill, however, is far away from this "which", so this won't work. "Modernization program for the steel mill" is also a terrible way to word that, though not technically incorrect.

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: "completed" is a past participle, which makes no sense here. This program will be completed at some point in the future. Modifying it with a past participle is illogical.

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: "Hopefully to be completed" ought to be modifying the program itself. Unfortunately, it seems to have disappeared in this question. Also "to be completed" is not a legitimate way to say this. We'd prefer "which will/can hopefully be completed...".

(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: Parallelism, because of the AND. While we hope that the program will be completed on time, we don't hope it will cost 51 million dollars. That's just what it will cost Nice try, AND. Also, this is not a complete sentence. This is because we opened up a modifying phrase with the word "which", and we never returned to the main clause "The program for modernizing the steel mill...".

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
ANSWER: Yep, it's got lots of commas. But commas are good! People forget the power of commas. Don't cross something out just because it's full of commas.

Hope that helps!

-tommy
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2009, 07:11
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B & C are rejected, hopefully is never right in GMAT.
Which is always used when there is a doubt...
So using which and hoped together is not right... :idea:
A & D are out....

IMO E
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Apr 2010, 14:07
the choice is between C and E.
I ruled out E for being awkward construction. Looks like I was wrong. I did not have a clue that 'hopefully' is considered wrong on GMAT. Might be good idea for Tommy to give us some insight on this topic.

Originally posted by Indien on 21 Apr 2010, 08:05.
Last edited by Indien on 23 Apr 2010, 14:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2010, 10:48
TommyWallach wrote:
Hey All,

I was just trolling the boards, and then I saw myself summoned! So here I am, Indien! : )

The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.
PROBLEM: "which" is a relative pronoun that opens up a modifying phrase. The rule on that is that it must always tough the noun it modifies. The modernization of the steel mill, however, is far away from this "which", so this won't work. "Modernization program for the steel mill" is also a terrible way to word that, though not technically incorrect.

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: "completed" is a past participle, which makes no sense here. This program will be completed at some point in the future. Modifying it with a past participle is illogical.

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: "Hopefully to be completed" ought to be modifying the program itself. Unfortunately, it seems to have disappeared in this question. Also "to be completed" is not a legitimate way to say this. We'd prefer "which will/can hopefully be completed...".

(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.
PROBLEM: Parallelism, because of the AND. While we hope that the program will be completed on time, we don't hope it will cost 51 million dollars. That's just what it will cost Nice try, AND. Also, this is not a complete sentence. This is because we opened up a modifying phrase with the word "which", and we never returned to the main clause "The program for modernizing the steel mill...".

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
ANSWER: Yep, it's got lots of commas. But commas are good! People forget the power of commas. Don't cross something out just because it's full of commas.

Hope that helps!

-tommy


Thanks for the explanation.

I still dont understand why C is wrong.
Modernizing the steel plant, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
Bold part here is set off by commas, so there are no issues in "Modernizing the steel plant will cost approximately 51 million dollars".
What is wrong with modifying clause "hopefully to be completed in the late 1980's".
Is there any rule why hopefully is mostly wrong on GMAT?

please explain :roll:
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2010, 20:15
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Hey gsothee,

As I said, we need to be modifying the program, not the act of "modernizing the steel mill". You can't say "Modernizing, hopefully to be completed soon, is good." You'd have to say something like "The modernization may be completed soon."

As for the second part, it's just total gibberish. I can't say "My book, hopefully to be completed tomorrow..." You'd say "My book, which I"ll hopefully complete tomorrow..." or something like that.

Make more sense?

-t
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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The reason to shun 'hopefully'(including by the MS Word) is that it is said to be colloquial. I feel one might get sticky with the placement of the word itself, which should make clear as to who is hopeful. It should also attribute to some human being and not any other abstract noun or even lesser mortals such as a dog or a cow. We may see that these characters are not capable of hoping. Let's take the two choices in point.

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully, completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.
(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully, to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars

In the above cases, is it not clear, as to who is hopeful? Neither modernizing nor the modernization can be.

It is stated that people are not able to cite at least one instance of the use of the word 'hopefully' In GMAT. It is better to agree with the boss than to question, I believe

However, there can be nothing wrong in the following sentence, I hope.

I hopefully entered the GMAT hall for my second attempt, wanting to cross 550.
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2018, 06:25
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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2018, 07:08
sacmanitin wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 29: Sentence Correction (SC2)


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The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars.

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

Official Explanation:


Choice A can be faulted because which grammatically refers to 5l million dollars, the nearest noun phrase. At any rate, it is not clear in choices A, B, C, or D whether the modernization program or the steel mill is supposed to be completed in the late 1980's. In B and C, the use of hopefully for it is hoped still meets with strong and widespread objection from many editors, lexicographers, and authors of usage handbooks. Aside from having an ambiguous which, D contains no independent clause and so cannot stand as a sentence. Choice E is the best answer.
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2018, 11:33
In option E, Isn't "It is hoped" an IC in the middle of the sentence separated by commas?

How is it correct?
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2018, 07:12
The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s.

(A) The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars, which it is hoped can be completed in the late 1980’s. - which illogically modifies 51 million dollars

(B) The modernization program for the steel mill, hopefully completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars. - Tense issue - program will be completed at some point in the future. So, "hopefully completed in the late 1980’s" is illogical

(C) Modernizing the steel mill, hopefully to be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars. - what will be completed in late 1980's - modernizing or the steel mill - is unclear

(D) The program for modernizing the steel mill, which can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s and cost approximately 51 million dollars. -- No independent clause

(E) Modernizing the steel mill, a program that can, it is hoped, be completed in the late 1980’s, will cost approximately 51 million dollars.

Please enlighten on options C-E and explain the role of the phrase "it is hoped" in option D and E. In my opinion, "it is hoped" seems like an independent clause within an independent clause.

In E,
Modernizing the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars. - Independent clause

a program that can be completed in the late 1980’s - an appositive that modifies the "Modernizing the steel mill".
Does "it is hoped" acts as an adverb for the appositive phrase here?


AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , ChiranjeevSingh , ccooley, other experts - please enlighten
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2018, 15:39
Skywalker18 wrote:
In E,
Modernizing the steel mill will cost approximately 51 million dollars. - Independent clause

a program that can be completed in the late 1980’s - an appositive that modifies the "Modernizing the steel mill".
Does "it is hoped" acts as an adverb for the appositive phrase here?
[/b]

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , ChiranjeevSingh , ccooley, other experts - please enlighten

Hi Skywalker18!

Here, "it is hoped" is being used in the same way as "hopefully". If we replace "it is hoped" with "hopefully", then it is clear that it is acting as an adverb, modifying the phrase "can be completed by the late 1980's".

Hope that helps! :)
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Re: The modernization program for the steel mill will cost approximately 5 &nbs [#permalink] 20 Dec 2018, 15:39
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