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# The nation's three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in app

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Joined: 16 Jul 2009
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The nation's three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in app  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 08 Sep 2019, 03:35
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

50% (01:38) correct 50% (01:39) wrong based on 241 sessions

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The nation's three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in applications, one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and improved recruiting by the academies.

(A) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and improved recruiting by the academies

(B) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, tuition costs that have increased at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting

(C) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, private colleges that increased their tuition costs, and recruiting improvements by the academies

(D) fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, tuition costs increasing at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting

(E) fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting

Officials of the three military academies say they are seeing a dramatic improvement in the quality of their applicants, thanks in part to a resurgence of patriotism. The result, according to admissions officers, will be entering classes that the officials believe will have the most qualified students ever.

Besides patriotism, factors cited by officials range from increasing tuition costs at colleges to improved recruiting.

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Originally posted by noboru on 08 Nov 2009, 06:53.
Last edited by Bunuel on 08 Sep 2019, 03:35, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The nation's three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in app  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2010, 20:59
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Hey All,

Have no fear! There's no need for an official answer when you have sentence correction certainty on your side! VERY IMPORTANT: I read through the thread here, and people are focusing on issues that really aren't important. All joking aside, go out and get the MGMAT book (or any company's book) and learn to focus purely on objective categories.

784. The nation’s three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in applications, one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and improved recruiting by the academies.

This question is all about the parallelism category, because each answer choice is made up of a list. As a reminder, the way we i.d. parallelism issues is with lists (generally using conjunctions and/or commas). We fix them by isolating the individual elements in the list and making sure they match up structurally and logically. Let's try it.

(A) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and improved recruiting by the academies
ANSWER: Everything is super parallel here, though it may not look it. "A resurgence" is a noun. "Increasing tuition costs..." is a noun (the increasing part is just a present participle, which is basically an adjective), and "improved recruiting..." is a noun (the "improved" is just a past participle, which is an adjective again).

(B) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, tuition costs that have increased at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting
PROBLEM: The second item in this list is a full clause (it has a verb: "have increased"). This is not parallel to "a resurgence", which is a noun. It's also a meaning issue. It's not the costs themselves that have fueled the rise in applications, but the FACT that the costs have risen. The third item here is also terrible for parallelism.

(C) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, private colleges that increased their tuition costs, and recruiting improvements by the academies
PROBLEM: Again, the second item is a full clause. Also again, the meaning has changed. It's not the private colleges that have fueled the rise, but the FACT that the costs have gone up. The third item here is fine.

(D) fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, tuition costs increasing at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting
PROBLEM: Notice how moving the "increasing" AFTER "tuition costs" makes it seem like more of a verb? Well that's exactly the problem in both of the second two items here. "A resurgence" is a straight up noun. If we wanted parallelism, we would need that to change to "patriotism resurging".

(E) fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting
PROBLEM: This time it's just the third item in the list that blows it. But it's still enough.

Hope that helps!

-tommy
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##### General Discussion
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Joined: 28 Aug 2009
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Re: The nation's three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in app  [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2009, 11:47
1
RISE is fuelled by x, and z
D AND E seem to affect the APPLICATIONS which is not correct
A,Band C attacks the correct verb and among them,A attacks them parallelly
so A
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Re: The nation's three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in app  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2010, 09:38
1
Noboru, this thread is open from July 2009. People give their valuable time and post the explaination. Don't you have courtesy to reply with OA? In none of your posts you post OA. I am not the moderator of this site. However, my message to you is if you post OA then only post question, else please do not post the questions.

Anyways OA for this question is A
noboru wrote:
784. The nation’s three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in applications, one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and improved recruiting by the academies.

(A) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and improved recruiting by the academies
(B) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, tuition costs that have increased at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting
(C) one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, private colleges that increased their tuition costs, and recruiting improvements by the academies
(D) fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, tuition costs increasing at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting
(E) fueled by a resurgence of patriotism, increasing tuition costs at private colleges, and academies improving their recruiting
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Re: The nation's three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in app  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2018, 01:06
A maintains the parallelism throughout the sentence.
“one” (appositive of rise)
“fueled” (participle modifying noun one)
“increasing” is an adjective modifying the noun phrase “tuition costs”.
“recruiting” is a gerund here. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb) Hence, A is the answer.
Rest four choices fail to maintain parallelism due to different tenses used.
B: one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism (simple present), tuition costs that have increased at private colleges (past perfect), and academies improving their recruiting (present continuous)
C: one fueled by a resurgence of patriotism (simple present), private colleges that increased their tuition costs (simple past), and recruiting improvements by the academies (simple present)
D: fueled by a resurgence of patriotism (simple present), tuition costs increasing at private colleges (simple present), and academies improving their recruiting (present continuous)
E: fueled by a resurgence of patriotism (present), increasing tuition costs at private colleges (present), and academies improving their recruiting (present continuous)
Re: The nation's three military academies have seen a dramatic rise in app   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2018, 01:06
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