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The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient

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The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2010, 20:20
6
12
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A
B
C
D
E

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The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient, molybdenum is a soft substance that can, paradoxically, be used to harden steel in alloys, as well as as a lubricant, and in trace amounts, in the nutritional supplements to help prevent tooth decay.

(A) to harden steel in alloys, as well as as a lubricant, and in trace amounts, in the nutritional supplements

(B) to harden steel in alloys, as well as a lubricant, and a nutritional supplement in trace amounts

(C) in alloys to harden steel, as well as a lubricant and nutritional supplement in trace amounts

(D) in alloys to harden steel; it can also be used as a lubricant and, in trace amounts, as a nutritional supplement

(E) in alloys to harden steel; it can also be used as well as a lubricant and nutritional supplement in trace amounts
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2010, 23:37
Harden steel and used as a lubricant are not parallel. The sentence has to be broken down. A, B and C are gone

E makes it look as if it can be used as a lubricant in nutritional supplements conveying a muddled sense. In addition, it is redundant to say ‘also ‘and ‘as well as.’

D is the answer
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2011, 21:45
+1 D

Parallelism.

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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2011, 04:18
GOOD QUESTION..

i will go with D .

except d each choice has more than 1 flaw..,
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2013, 19:21
Daagh, can you please more how A,B, C are gone
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2013, 21:43
Can someone please explain C -

in alloys to harden steel, as well as a lubricant and , in trace amounts as a ...

in alloys - prep phrase?

to harden steel - infinitive phrase?

I felt its got to do with parallelism, but don't get the technical grammar behind this question...
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2013, 22:09
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btg9788 wrote:
Can someone please explain C -

in alloys to harden steel, as well as a lubricant and , in trace amounts as a ...

in alloys - prep phrase?

to harden steel - infinitive phrase?

I felt its got to do with parallelism, but don't get the technical grammar behind this question...


Hi btg9788

I don't really get your question, but I guess your question is like "why C is wrong, and why D is correct"

C is wrong because of parallelism error.

...... molybdenum can be used [in alloys] to harden steel, as well as a lubricant and nutritional supplement in trace amounts.
The three bold parts are not parallel. Only "a lubricant" and "nutritional supplement" are parallel.

*in alloys - prep phrase? YES
* to harden steel - infinitive phrase? YES

D is correct. because:
......molybdenum can be used [in alloys] to harden steel; it can also be used as a lubricant and, in trace amounts, as a nutritional supplement
"It" modifies molybdenum correctly.
"as a lubricant" and "as nutritional supplement" are parallel.

Hope that helps.
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2013, 22:26
Thanks pqhai.

I did not type my question correctly. However, at second glance, I see why the other answers are incorrect. In C, I think that its more to do with meaning rather than grammar or parallelism etc.

The element Molybdenum can be "a lubricant and nutritional supplement" to prevent tooth decay - Meaningless sentence.

So C changes the meaning to something like Molybdenum acts as a lubricant+nutritional supplement to prevent tooth decay, which clearly is nonsensical.

Parallelism of course, as you said is missing in C.
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2013, 01:29
The answer is Definitely D. This was an easy one!
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2015, 00:04
tonebeeze wrote:
The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient, molybdenum is a soft substance that can, paradoxically, be used to harden steel in alloys, as well as as a lubricant, and in trace amounts, in the nutritional supplements to help prevent tooth decay.

a. to harden steel in alloys, as well as as a lubricant, and in trace amounts, in the nutritional supplements

b. to harden steel in alloys, as well as a lubricant, and a nutritional supplement in trace amounts

c. in alloys to harden steel, as well as a lubricant and nutritional supplement in trace amounts

d. in alloys to harden steel; it can also be used as a lubricant and, in trace amounts, as a nutritional supplement

e. in alloys to harden steel; it can also be used as well as a lubricant and nutritional supplement in trace amounts


the sentence mention "paradoxically" but in D, paradoxically doesn't stand for anything, as now we have 2 independent clause. in 1st statement itself should itself why it is paradoxical. Am I wrong?
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2020, 21:09
Once we figure out that the initial phrase is not crucial to the meaning/intent, we can breakdown this sentence on the basis of parallelism.

Option A is definitely out for the use of as well as as – for a minute there I thought it was a typo! - Eliminate
Options B and C are out clearly for the lack of parallelism – to harden steel & as a lubricantEliminate
Option E – This option clearly wants to be eliminated – it can also be used as well as a – Redundancy – Eliminate!
Option D is the best choice!

Hope this helps!
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Re: The only strategic metal in which the United States is self-sufficient   [#permalink] 16 Feb 2020, 21:09
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