GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 22 Oct 2018, 05:14

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Status: Active
Affiliations: NA
Joined: 24 Oct 2012
Posts: 277
GMAT 1: 590 Q50 V21
GMAT 2: 600 Q48 V25
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V37
GPA: 3.5
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2017, 00:11
quantum wrote:
The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed instructions that the company hopes will help merchants confirm a check’s authenticity, which includes reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view the watermark while holding the check to the light.

(A) which includes reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view
(B) which include reminders for watching the endorsement, to compare signatures and view
(C) by including reminders for watching the endorsement, comparing signatures, and viewing
(D) including reminders to watch the endorsement, comparing signatures and viewing
(E) including reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view

Dear Experts,
How 'ing' modifier here is in agreement with the subject of the sentence , please explain.
_________________

#If you like my post , please encourage me by giving Kudos

Board of Directors
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3623
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2017, 01:25
1
anje29 wrote:
Dear Experts,
How 'ing' modifier here is in agreement with the subject of the sentence , please explain.

Hi anje29 ,

"Including reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view" is giving extra information about the printed instructions.

Note that it is acting as a modifier, which is giving more information about the clause before the comma.

Does that make sense?
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.

Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free

Check our new About Us Page here.

Senior Manager
Status: Active
Affiliations: NA
Joined: 24 Oct 2012
Posts: 277
GMAT 1: 590 Q50 V21
GMAT 2: 600 Q48 V25
GMAT 3: 730 Q51 V37
GPA: 3.5
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2017, 01:32
abhimahna wrote:
anje29 wrote:
Dear Experts,
How 'ing' modifier here is in agreement with the subject of the sentence , please explain.

Hi anje29 ,

"Including reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view" is giving extra information about the printed instructions.

Note that it is acting as a modifier, which is giving more information about the clause before the comma.

Does that make sense?

Hi,
But only noun modifiers can provide extra information , what do you think here ? And since it logically fits to modify printed instructions and therefore correct.
_________________

#If you like my post , please encourage me by giving Kudos

Board of Directors
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3623
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Jul 2017, 01:39
1
anje29 wrote:
Hi,
But only noun modifiers can provide extra information , what do you think here ? And since it logically fits to modify printed instructions and therefore correct.

Hi anje29 ,

We can use gerunds also to provide extra information.

Here we have two gerunds "including and holding". Hence, These modifiers have been correctly used.

Let me know in case of more queries.
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.

Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free

Check our new About Us Page here.

Manager
Joined: 30 May 2017
Posts: 121
Location: India
Schools: LBS (I)
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Nov 2017, 21:29
In one of his videos, Ron Purewal says that "including" doesn't work like any other verb-ing, and that "including" modifies the noun before the comma.
Can someone clarify this?
see around the 57-minute mark.
_________________

A kudo a day keeps the doctor away.

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4493
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2017, 09:58
DIII wrote:
In one of his videos, Ron Purewal says that "including" doesn't work like any other verb-ing, and that "including" modifies the noun before the comma.
Can someone clarify this?

Dear DIII,

I'm happy to respond.

The great Mr. Ron Purewal is certainly a genius, but I am going to disagree slightly.

First of all, modifying the previous noun is not categorically unlike any other present participle. Participles are very flexible, sometimes acting as noun modifier and sometimes, as verb modifiers. Certainly there are instances in which we find [noun] [comma] [present participle} when the participle is acting as a modifier for the noun.
When I walked in, I saw the detective, leaning against a pillar and smoking a cigarette.
Of course, that's less a GMAT SC sentence and more one from a tawdry thriller novel, but the grammar is the same.

Also, I would say that, for the majority of the time, the participle "including" acts as a noun modifier and modifies the noun it touches. Occasionally, a vital noun modifier would come between the participle and the target noun, and it is possible that this vital noun modifier is a long clause. That's precisely what is happening in the OA of this question.
(E) The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed instructions that the company hopes will help merchants confirm a check’s authenticity, including reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view the watermark while holding the check to the light.
Notice that the purple part, from "that" to "authenticity," is a giant adjectival clause, a noun-modifying clause, all modifying the phrase "printed instructions." That phrase is the target of the participle "including."

Usually, when the word "including" is going to be used as a verb modifier, it's in the gerund form following the preposition "by."
Maxwell described the first unified field, electromagnetism, by including Faraday's Law and expanding Ampere's Law.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

Manager
Joined: 30 May 2017
Posts: 121
Location: India
Schools: LBS (I)
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2017, 10:12
Thank you, makes sense now.
Do you think "which" can also modify in a similar way (by skipping over a vital modifier)?
I sometimes get confused about the exceptions in the usage of "which".
_________________

A kudo a day keeps the doctor away.

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4493
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2017, 13:21
DIII wrote:
Thank you, makes sense now.
Do you think "which" can also modify in a similar way (by skipping over a vital modifier)?
I sometimes get confused about the exceptions in the usage of "which".

Dear DIII,

I'm happy to respond.

Yes. In fact, any noun modifier can skip over a vital modifier for the same noun. See:
Modifiers on the GMAT Sentence Correction

Mike
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2709
The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2017, 13:24
DIII wrote:
Thank you, makes sense now.
Do you think "which" can also modify in a similar way (by skipping over a vital modifier)?
I sometimes get confused about the exceptions in the usage of "which".

Hello DIII,

Yes. all the noun modifiers can be used the way including has been used in the correct answer choice of the relevant official sentence. At e-GMAT, we call such modification a slightly far-away noun modification by a noun modifier.

In fact, we have authored a very famous article on the topic that includes details, examples, a exceptions to the usage of such modification. You can review this article named Noun Modifiers can Modify slightly far away noun in the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Also, here is my two cents on the usage of including on GMAT SC.

It is true that comma + verb-ing modifiers modify the preceding action. But including is an exception to this rule. Preceded by a comma or not and placed after a clause or not, including works as a noun modifier only.

There are several GMAT SC that uses including as a noun modifier only.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2017
Posts: 97
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Mar 2018, 23:40
My Reasoning: A & B are out as “Which” modifies check’s authenticity instead of “A series of printed instructions”. “C” & “D” is out because it’s not parallel with “confirm” in the non-underlined part – E is the answer
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 424
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2018, 07:11
no
I think that in choice E, "including' work as a verb/ participle to modifiy the clause "that help merchants confirm".

"including' can work as a preposition but in choice E, it works as a participle/verb.
Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed &nbs [#permalink] 22 Jul 2018, 07:11

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 51 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by