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The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed

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Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2017, 22:07
I had an error with checking for parallelism on this one! I was checking parallelism for "including reminders, comparing signatures and viewing the watermark". So I picked C to be my answer. I lost track of Meaning clarity while doing so.

The actual parallelism lies at "to watch, compare and view". If I had though of meaning clarity, I would have definitely picked E.

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Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 00:11
quantum wrote:
The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed instructions that the company hopes will help merchants confirm a check’s authenticity, which includes reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view the watermark while holding the check to the light.

(A) which includes reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view
(B) which include reminders for watching the endorsement, to compare signatures and view
(C) by including reminders for watching the endorsement, comparing signatures, and viewing
(D) including reminders to watch the endorsement, comparing signatures and viewing
(E) including reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view


Dear Experts,
How 'ing' modifier here is in agreement with the subject of the sentence , please explain.
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Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 01:25
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anje29 wrote:
Dear Experts,
How 'ing' modifier here is in agreement with the subject of the sentence , please explain.


Hi anje29 ,

"Including reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view" is giving extra information about the printed instructions.

Note that it is acting as a modifier, which is giving more information about the clause before the comma.

Does that make sense?
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Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 01:32
abhimahna wrote:
anje29 wrote:
Dear Experts,
How 'ing' modifier here is in agreement with the subject of the sentence , please explain.


Hi anje29 ,

"Including reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view" is giving extra information about the printed instructions.

Note that it is acting as a modifier, which is giving more information about the clause before the comma.

Does that make sense?


Hi,
But only noun modifiers can provide extra information , what do you think here ? And since it logically fits to modify printed instructions and therefore correct.
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Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 01:39
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anje29 wrote:
Hi,
But only noun modifiers can provide extra information , what do you think here ? And since it logically fits to modify printed instructions and therefore correct.


Hi anje29 ,

We can use gerunds also to provide extra information.

Here we have two gerunds "including and holding". Hence, These modifiers have been correctly used.

Let me know in case of more queries. :)
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Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2017, 21:29
In one of his videos, Ron Purewal says that "including" doesn't work like any other verb-ing, and that "including" modifies the noun before the comma.
Can someone clarify this?
see around the 57-minute mark.
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Re: The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2017, 09:58
DIII wrote:
In one of his videos, Ron Purewal says that "including" doesn't work like any other verb-ing, and that "including" modifies the noun before the comma.
Can someone clarify this?

Dear DIII,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

The great Mr. Ron Purewal is certainly a genius, but I am going to disagree slightly. :-)

First of all, modifying the previous noun is not categorically unlike any other present participle. Participles are very flexible, sometimes acting as noun modifier and sometimes, as verb modifiers. Certainly there are instances in which we find [noun] [comma] [present participle} when the participle is acting as a modifier for the noun.
When I walked in, I saw the detective, leaning against a pillar and smoking a cigarette.
Of course, that's less a GMAT SC sentence and more one from a tawdry thriller novel, but the grammar is the same.

Also, I would say that, for the majority of the time, the participle "including" acts as a noun modifier and modifies the noun it touches. Occasionally, a vital noun modifier would come between the participle and the target noun, and it is possible that this vital noun modifier is a long clause. That's precisely what is happening in the OA of this question.
(E) The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed instructions that the company hopes will help merchants confirm a check’s authenticity, including reminders to watch the endorsement, compare signatures, and view the watermark while holding the check to the light.
Notice that the purple part, from "that" to "authenticity," is a giant adjectival clause, a noun-modifying clause, all modifying the phrase "printed instructions." That phrase is the target of the participle "including."

Usually, when the word "including" is going to be used as a verb modifier, it's in the gerund form following the preposition "by."
Maxwell described the first unified field, electromagnetism, by including Faraday's Law and expanding Ampere's Law.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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New post 03 Nov 2017, 10:12
Thank you, makes sense now.
Do you think "which" can also modify in a similar way (by skipping over a vital modifier)?
I sometimes get confused about the exceptions in the usage of "which".
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New post 03 Nov 2017, 13:21
DIII wrote:
Thank you, makes sense now.
Do you think "which" can also modify in a similar way (by skipping over a vital modifier)?
I sometimes get confused about the exceptions in the usage of "which".

Dear DIII,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Yes. In fact, any noun modifier can skip over a vital modifier for the same noun. See:
Modifiers on the GMAT Sentence Correction

Mike :-)
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The principal feature of the redesigned checks is a series of printed [#permalink]

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DIII wrote:
Thank you, makes sense now.
Do you think "which" can also modify in a similar way (by skipping over a vital modifier)?
I sometimes get confused about the exceptions in the usage of "which".




Hello DIII,

I will be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Yes. all the noun modifiers can be used the way including has been used in the correct answer choice of the relevant official sentence. At e-GMAT, we call such modification a slightly far-away noun modification by a noun modifier.

In fact, we have authored a very famous article on the topic that includes details, examples, a exceptions to the usage of such modification. You can review this article named Noun Modifiers can Modify slightly far away noun in the following link:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Also, here is my two cents on the usage of including on GMAT SC.

It is true that comma + verb-ing modifiers modify the preceding action. But including is an exception to this rule. Preceded by a comma or not and placed after a clause or not, including works as a noun modifier only.

There are several GMAT SC that uses including as a noun modifier only.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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