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The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only

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The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2018, 00:22
1
13
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A
B
C
D
E

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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

32% (01:25) correct 68% (01:23) wrong based on 370 sessions

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The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only one worker in every five now belongs to a union, rather than one in every four, like in 1955.

(A) rather than one in every four, like in 1955
(B) instead of one in every four, as in 1955
(C) not like it was in 1955, with one in every four
(D) unlike 1955, when it was one in every four
(E) whereas there was one in every four in 1955

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Re: The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 08:27
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The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only one worker in every five now belongs to a union, rather than one in every four, like in 1955.

(A) rather than one in every four, like in 1955
(B) instead of one in every four, as in 1955
(C) not like it was in 1955, with one in every four
(D) unlike 1955, when it was one in every four
(E) whereas there was one in every four in 1955

Answer E.

X rather than Y - is used to signify preference of X over Y. Hence wrong in the context of the given sentence.

X instead of Y - means " X in place of Y", when something/someone can be replaced. It also means "X as an alternative for Y". Clearly wrong as the sentence does not mean a replacement.

Whereas - signifies contrast between similar things, facts or ideas. Correct in the context of the sentence.



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Re: The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2018, 01:32
+1 for E.

(A) rather than one in every four, like in 1955
(B) instead of one in every four, as in 1955
(C) not like it was in 1955, with one in every four
(D) unlike 1955, when it was one in every four
(E) whereas there was one in every four in 1955 --> Correct

Hence, E.
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Re: The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 00:55
Can anyone please explain me why option B is not right?
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Re: The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 01:05
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prathi123 wrote:
Can anyone please explain me why option B is not right?


It is not a hard and fast rule but a good thing to remember is to avoid answers with 'instead of'. It is not grammatically incorrect according to gmat, but there are some other things wrong with the options that contain instead of.

Hope this helps

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Re: The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2018, 03:02
GMATNinja , any thoughts here ? why is answer option E correct ?
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Re: The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2019, 02:19
In C and D ‘its’ antecedent is not clear for ‘it’. ‘rather’ than suggests a preference for one over the other, which is not expressed in the sentence, so A is wrong. Similarly, B is wrong because ‘instead of’ implies that one option can replace the other.

Thus, E is the correct option.
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Re: The proportion of the work force that is unionized has declined; only   [#permalink] 04 Feb 2019, 02:19
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