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The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant

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The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2010, 09:38
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The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant spell of rains, which, weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and which were considered as the worst in the area for nearly a century



(A) Pakistan were caused by an incessant spell of rains, which weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and which were considered as

(B) Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and they consider

©Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists forecast to continue into late next month and that they consider

(D)Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists forecast to continue into late next month and that they consider as

(E)Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that is forecast to continue by weather scientists into late next month and that is considered

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Re: SC 600 to 700 level  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2010, 11:28
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imania wrote:
who can explain what's wrong with B?


(B) Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and they consider

the wrong tense is used here, have forecast implies that the scientists started the forecasting in the past and they continue doing so in the present. Also remember the rule that perfect is only used when doing otherwise will create an ambiguity regarding the time of the action or distort meaning when not used.
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Re: SC 600 to 700 level  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2010, 09:47
who can explain what's wrong with B?
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New post 27 Sep 2010, 14:56
In order to maintain parralism, 2 parallel clauses should start with the same word.

Since the first clause begins with that ( This is because 'That' here modifies the noun 'Spell' ) so to maintain parallism the scond parallel clause needs to start with 'that'.

However can someone explain why consider 'Consider as' is incorrect .... i.e I am confused between option C and D
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Re: SC 600 to 700 level  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2010, 19:23
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devashish wrote:
In order to maintain parralism, 2 parallel clauses should start with the same word.

Since the first clause begins with that ( This is because 'That' here modifies the noun 'Spell' ) so to maintain parallism the scond parallel clause needs to start with 'that'.

However can someone explain why consider 'Consider as' is incorrect .... i.e I am confused between option C and D


consider as is just unidiomatic. Consider X Y is the correct idiom, it's worth remembering because it is quite a common idiom.
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Re: SC 600 to 700 level  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2010, 00:02
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Hey Rafi,
Yes that makes sense, Consider X,Y is the correct idiom ... I guess I missed it as I could not put it in that format.
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Re: SC 600 to 700 level  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2011, 09:15
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daagh wrote:
The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant spell of rains, which, weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and which were considered as the worst in the area for nearly a century



(A) Pakistan were caused by an incessant spell of rains, which weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and which were considered as

(B) Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and they consider

©Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists forecast to continue into late next month and that they consider

(D)Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists forecast to continue into late next month and that they consider as

(E)Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that is forecast to continue by weather scientists into late next month and that is considered


Splits
1) considered as X vs considered X (Considered X is correct) So, (A) and (D) are out.
2) Pakistan were caused vs Pakistan have been caused (both possible)
3) Parallelism, so (B) is out
4) active vs passive ,so (E) is out

Only (C) uses "considered X", maintains ||sm, and uses active voice.
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Re: The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2015, 15:10
Why is E wrong, is it only because of the passive voice? Is this a valid error?

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Re: The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2015, 21:55
(E)Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that is forecast to continue by weather scientists into late next month and that is considered

E’s problem is an illogical change in word order.

that is forecast to continue by weather scientists --- by weather scientists after to continue is wrong word order. It implies the continuance is done is by the weather scientists.

The correct word order should be: that is forecast by weather scientists to continue -- here it is clear, that the weather scientist are only forecasting that the spell will continue
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Re: The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2015, 22:04
Deepak

Quote:
A spell that weather scientists forecast to continue into late next month and that they consider


These are relative clause modifiers of the noun ‘spell’. The relative clauses have their own verbs in the form of forecast and consider
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Re: The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Nov 2015, 23:19
Can someone explain why have been is used instead of were...
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The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2015, 00:58
When one predicts something to continue into future, it has to be going on at the moment;
We cannot use the term 'continue' for something that is already ended. Hence a present perfect ‘have been’.
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Re: The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2018, 00:59
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daagh wrote:
The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant spell of rains, which, weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and which were considered as the worst in the area for nearly a century



(A) Pakistan were caused by an incessant spell of rains, which weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and which were considered as

(B) Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists have forecast to continue into late next month and they consider

©Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists forecast to continue into late next month and that they consider

(D)Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists forecast to continue into late next month and that they consider as

(E)Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that is forecast to continue by weather scientists into late next month and that is considered


Following is my take on this question
A- the second which clause after and uses a plural verb. This use of plural suggests that the which clause refers to rains and not spell. The major mistake in this sentence is the use of present perfect for forecast. This implies that the forecast happened in the past and continued into the present which is not true. Also, consider as is unidiomatic.
B - same error as A. Also, I think the parallel structure is maintained in this question. We dnt necessarily need the that after and because the pronoun after and implies the parallel structure.
C - Uses present tense to correct the error.
D - consider as is unidiomatic
E - no need to cover active to passive in this case.

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Re: The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 17:09
What are "They" here in Answer C:
(C) and that they consider the worst in the area for nearly a century
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Re: The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Dec 2018, 19:13
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C. Pakistan have been caused by an incessant spell of rains, a spell that weather scientists forecast to continue into late next month and that they consider

You can see the construction -- a spell that the weather scientists forecast and that they ( the scientists) consider.

Obviously, you can see the reason that neither the floods nor the rains have the capacity to consider.
Please appreciate that SC is just not grammar but a part of verbal reasoning.

I see that this is your first posting and I welcome you to the forum for undergoing a never-before experience.

Best wishes
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Re: The recent floods in Pakistan were caused by an incessant &nbs [#permalink] 25 Dec 2018, 19:13
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