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# The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding

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Retired Moderator
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The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 10:21
1
2
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

87% (00:46) correct 13% (01:10) wrong based on 194 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 95: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding in the small town, to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes concerns among some residents that the quiet village atmosphere is being jeopardized.

(A) to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes

(B) leading to more traffic jams and provokes

(C) leading to an increase in traffic jams and provoking

(D) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoke

(E) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoked

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

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Manager
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Re: The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 21:05
1
sudarshan22 wrote:
The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding in the small town, to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes concerns among some residents that the quiet village atmosphere is being jeopardized.

''To'' is used to denote an intent. Here the intent of increase in number of tourists was not to increase traffic jams. Hence preferable to eliminate the choices having 'to lead''. Result/effect of increase in tourists was an increase in traffic jams, hence go for options having ''leading''.
Also ''and' is a parallelism indicator, hence require words that are parallel such as ''leading'' and ''provoking''

(A) to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes

(B) leading to more traffic jams and provokes
''leading'' and ''provokes'' are not parallel

(C) leading to an increase in traffic jams and provoking
correct - use of ''leading'' is prefered and also ''leading'' and ''provoking'' are parallel.

(D) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoke

(E) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoked
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Re: The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2019, 06:41
The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding in the small town, to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes concerns among some residents that the quiet village atmosphere is being jeopardized.

Meaning : - The increase in number of tourists is leading to more traffic jams and provoking concerns among residents.

Leading is present participle which will modify the subject of the sentence " The recent increase ".
'And' is parallelism trigger which indicates 'Leading' and 'Provoking' needs to be parallel.

(A) to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes

(B) leading to more traffic jams and provokes

(C) leading to an increase in traffic jams and provoking
- Correct

(D) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoke

(E) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoked

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Re: The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2019, 08:41
sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 95: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding in the small town, to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes concerns among some residents that the quiet village atmosphere is being jeopardized.

(A) to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes

(B) leading to more traffic jams and provokes

(C) leading to an increase in traffic jams and provoking

(D) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoke

(E) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoked

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding in the small town,
leading to an increase in traffic jams and
provoking concerns among some residents
that the quiet village atmosphere is being jeopardized.

IMHO (C) for correct modifier and Parallelism usage....
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Retired Moderator
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Re: The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2019, 12:14
1
Official Explanation :

The sentence provides a list outlining two results of the overcrowding, and the two results should be in parallel form. However, to lead to, is not parallel to provokes, so answer (A) contains an error.

Choices (D) and (E) repeat the original error, and can be eliminated.

Choice (B) incorrectly uses provokes instead of provoking. Only (C) maintains parallelism, so the correct answer is (C).
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The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2019, 21:36
sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 95: Sentence Correction (SC1)

The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding in the small town, to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes concerns among some residents that the quiet village atmosphere is being jeopardized.

Meaning:
The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding in the small town
This situations have 2 consequences:
1. lead to more traffic jams
2. provokes concerns among some residents

Errors:

"to verb" is used to present intention.
Maybe there is some strategic intention of the government to attract some tourists to have some revenue, we don't know. But it seems not possible intentionally to increase traffic jams and raise concern among dweller (only according to this sentence), at least this is not the intended meaning of the author.

, and provokes - seems starting new IC with no subject, or 'and' tries to connect to verb 'lead' and 'provoke' unsuccessfully.
to lead and provokes are not // to each other.

POE

(A) to lead to more traffic jams, and provokes

(B) leading to more traffic jams and provokes

(D) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoke

(E) to lead to an increase in traffic jams and provoked

(C) leading to an increase in traffic jams and provoking

Attachment:

C.JPG [ 47.98 KiB | Viewed 994 times ]

Attachments

Perfect tenses.pdf [473.14 KiB]

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My SC approach flowchart

(no one is ideal, please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, it will be helpful for both of us, thank you)

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The recent increase in the number of tourists has caused overcrowding   [#permalink] 10 Feb 2019, 21:36
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