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# The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not

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The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 18 Dec 2018, 05:46
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The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally download music from the Internet. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music.

The answer to which of the following questions would best help evaluate the accuracy of the conclusion above?

(A) Will recording industry lawyers dedicate the majority of their time to prosecuting those who illegally download music?

(B) Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?

(C) Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?

(D) Will new Internet security technology permit the recording industry to more quickly and easily identify individuals who illegally download music?

(E) Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music?

This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Evaluate" Revision Project.

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Originally posted by leonidas on 29 Sep 2008, 11:11.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Dec 2018, 05:46, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2012, 07:28
6

B suggests that by targetting a few people you could affect the number of SONGS dowloaded. But not whether you could affect the number of PEOPLE downloading.

In other terms, it's like saying most thieves only steal one thing and a few thieves steal lots. By arresting the thieves who steal a lot you can reduce a lot the number of crimes, but still the majority of people who have commited at least one crime are still free....
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2008, 20:14
leonidas wrote:
The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally download music from the Internet. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music.

The answer to which of the following questions would best help evaluate the accuracy of the conclusion above?

(A) Will recording industry lawyers dedicate the majority of their time to prosecuting those who illegally download music?
(B) Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?
(C) Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?
(D) Will new Internet security technology permit the recording industry to more quickly and easily identify individuals who illegally download music?
(E) Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music?

I picked (B) which is incorrect according to MGMAT. OA is (E).
Here is my explanation:
On the exam day, I would have picked (B) because: If small minority of individuals are responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads and these individuals are charged, then the actions of the recording industry will have a significant impact on the number of people who illegally download music. This actually affectcs the accuracy of the conclusion which states that- the prosecution of a small number of people who download music illegally will have a minimal impact on the overall number of people who engage in illegal downloading.

Here is the official explanation from MGMAT:
(E) CORRECT. The argument concludes that the prosecution of a small number of people who download music illegally will have a minimal impact on the overall number of people who engage in illegal downloading. However, if the threat of prosecution were enough to “alter the behavior” of others (i.e., deter them from illegally downloading music), the actions of the recording industry could have a significant impact on the number of people who illegally download music.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2008, 20:23
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leonidas wrote:
leonidas wrote:
The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally download music from the Internet. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music.

The answer to which of the following questions would best help evaluate the accuracy of the conclusion above?

(A) Will recording industry lawyers dedicate the majority of their time to prosecuting those who illegally download music?
(B) Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?
(C) Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?
(D) Will new Internet security technology permit the recording industry to more quickly and easily identify individuals who illegally download music?
(E) Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music?

I picked (B) which is incorrect according to MGMAT. OA is (E).
Here is my explanation:
On the exam day, I would have picked (B) because: If small minority of individuals are responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads and these individuals are charged, then the actions of the recording industry will have a significant impact on the number of people who illegally download music. This actually affectcs the accuracy of the conclusion which states that- the prosecution of a small number of people who download music illegally will have a minimal impact on the overall number of people who engage in illegal downloading.

Here is the official explanation from MGMAT:
(E) CORRECT. The argument concludes that the prosecution of a small number of people who download music illegally will have a minimal impact on the overall number of people who engage in illegal downloading. However, if the threat of prosecution were enough to “alter the behavior” of others (i.e., deter them from illegally downloading music), the actions of the recording industry could have a significant impact on the number of people who illegally download music.

I agree that this Q is a little bit tricky. I guess the reason why MGMAT chose to drop B is because, we dont know whether the resources are enough to sue them (who knows) and also some other small group else might do it again, if they dont feel the threat. The point I guess is will it make a threat or not. Again, we can talk about both of them and to me B was correct to start with. B says majority of the illegal downloads can be attributed to a small group and suing them can definitely have a positive impact and reduce the illegal downloads.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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21 May 2010, 01:46
OA is E and OE is:

(E) CORRECT. The argument concludes that the prosecution of a small number of people who download music illegally will have a minimal impact on the overall number of people who engage in illegal downloading. However, if the threat of prosecution were enough to “alter the behavior” of others (i.e., deter them from illegally downloading music), the actions of the recording industry could have a significant impact on the number of people who illegally download music.

Argument say:
The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally download music from the Internet. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2011, 10:39
1
E for me...
For evaluate the conclusion questions follow the approach given by the CR bible...
Scan the options first...
A and D are out because they are out of scope....
Now for the remaining choices, take a yes and no as the answer to the question and check whether " answer yes" is strengthening the conclusion and "Answer No" is weakening the conclusion or vice versa...

We can eliminate B and C through the above process...
For E..

Answer Yes: It will alter the behaviour of the individuals
Answer No: It will not alter the behavior of the individuals

Yes weakens the conclusion and No strengthens the conclusion... Thus this is our option....

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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2011, 08:26
The OA is E. But i contend the answers given in support for E. Here the author mentions that their is insufficient resources to prosecute illegal downloaders. So even if they do prosecute, that number will be very small. So why E. E seems to bear very little relevance to the argument. But if the number of illegal downloaders are itself small, then more people can come under jurisdiction, thus resolving the issue of lack of resources. B seems to be a more apt answer to this than E. Experts, please resolve this!
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2011, 19:03
3
This is a very subtle question - if you don't read the wording extremely carefully, it's easy to be tempted by a few of the answer choices. The key point to notice here is that we are concerned with "the **number of people** who illegally download music." We are *not* concerned with the number of illegal downloads.

Looking at the answer choices, A and D are irrelevant, since they are not related to the issue in the stem: that only a small number of people can be prosecuted. B and C are both relevant to the question of whether prosecutions might reduce the number of *downloads*, but that isn't our question: we want to reduce the number of *downloaders*. E is the correct answer. If the threat of prosecution might discourage people from downloading, then the number of downloaders might fall even if only a few people can be prosecuted.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2012, 07:55
Hii plumber250.
Consider an example:
That's my point.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2012, 08:14
1
Hi,

With your example you are correct. However that is not what B is offering to tell us.

So (to use small numbers) it would tell us amongst 10 dowloaders if the distribution is more like:

1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 20, 22

or
5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5

But that doesn't matter if the question is asking about the number of downloaders, in both situations there are 10. And to arrest (say) 2 in either situation still leaves 8 out there
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2015, 14:05
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A. Will recording industry lawyers dedicate the majority of their time to prosecuting those who illegally download music?
I don't care about lawyers time -- OUT

B. Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?
May be....Hold it...will come back

C. Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?

D. Will new Internet security technology permit the recording industry to more quickly and easily identify individuals who illegally download music?
What will they do after identifying those guys...that not what the argument is about -- OUT

E. Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music?
If I see my neighbor being prosecuted for downloading 50 shades of gray...I will be **** scared to download any movie -- I like it...but let me look at choice B again --- Its not as good as E ..Done E it is
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2015, 10:07
2
The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally download music from the Internet. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music. The answer to which of the following questions would best help evaluate the accuracy of the conclusion above?

A. Will recording industry lawyers dedicate the majority of their time to prosecuting those who illegally download music?

B. Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?
If it is a small minority the recording industry still does not have the resources to take them down.

C. Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?
Irrelevant. We are only concerned with the individuals who illegally download music, not the ones who share their music files.

D. Will new Internet security technology permit the recording industry to more quickly and easily identify individuals who illegally download music?
Identifying all the individuals does not mean that the recording industry still has the resources to prosecute the individuals. Remember, we are only concerned with prosecuting, not finding.

E. Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music?
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2017, 23:52
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The argument concludes that the prosecution of a small number of people who download music illegally will have a minimal impact on the overall number of people who engage in illegal downloading. The correct answer must relate specifically to this issue and provide additional insight as to whether it seems reasonable.

(A) One premise of the argument states that the recording industry does not have the resources to prosecute all individuals who download music illegally, while a second premise states the number of people who will be charged with a crime is limited. These statements indicate that the legal resources of the recording industry are too limited to have a major impact on the overall number of people who engage in illegal downloading, no matter how these lawyers dedicate their time.

(B) If a small minority of individuals were responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads, the actions of the recording industry could have a significant impact on the number of downloaded songs. The conclusion of the argument, however, was about the number of people who download songs illegally; this number would remain unaffected.

(C) Whether songs are downloaded illegally and then shared with other Internet users is not relevant to the conclusion.

(D) Similar to answer choice A, this choice is limited by the premises of the argument. If new Internet security technology permits the recording industry to more quickly and easily identify individuals who illegally download music, then the recording industry will know who is breaking the law. However, the lack of industry resources still restricts the industry’s ability to prosecute a large number of people, even if they are identified as individuals who illegally download music.

(E) CORRECT. The argument concludes that the prosecution of a small number of people who download music illegally will have a minimal impact on the overall number of people who engage in illegal downloading. However, if the threat of prosecution were enough to “alter the behavior” of others (i.e., deter them from illegally downloading music), the actions of the recording industry could have a significant impact on the number of people who illegally download music.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2017, 16:22
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A. Will recording industry lawyers dedicate the majority of their time to prosecuting those who illegally download music?
The actions of the lawyers of the music industry are irrelevant and does not explain the current situation.

B. Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?
The is a good option but the question talks about the leagal action not finding all of the people who are responsibel for the act.

C. Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?
this infomation is out of scope and have a little impact on the argument that catching those who share music would reduce the offenders but it does not address the legal activity to prosecute those who are offenders.

D. Will new Internet security technology permit the recording industry to more quickly and easily identify individuals who illegally download music?
the new internet security technology is out of scope and not disccussed in the above argument.

E. Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music?
The important question is weather after some people are prosecute will the rest of the people who downlaod music illigally be demotivated to download music illegally.if they are demoralized then the law will succeed in reducing the number of people who download music.But if the behaviour of the offenders is not alterd then the sole purpose of leagal action would be defeated therfor the correct answer choice.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 07:04
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Conclusion of the argument is “actions(prosecute downloaders) of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music”

We need to find out answer to which of the questions will help us evaluate the accuracy of the conclusion.

(C) Let say “Yes. Many individuals who illegally download will share the files”. Does this helps the argument. It is just mentioned that industry will prosecute downloaders. Not all the people who have the files”.So still we cannot say whether impact will be more. two groups: direct downloaders and indirect downloaders (who don’t directly

(E) Let say “Yes. The threat of prosecution would alter the behavior of downloaders”. Then the number of illegal download will come down. Then it is likely to cause increase in revenue for industry. Hence more impact. Let say “No. The threat of prosecution would not alter the behavior of downloaders”. Then the number of illegal download will not come down. Then it is not likely to cause increase in revenue for industry. Hence minimal impact as expected. choice talks about only direct downloaders. Say, now there are 100 direct downloaders but recording industry is able to prosecute only 60 of them. If the industry charges crime against those 60 downloader and that action impacts
remaining 40, then definitely this action would have more than “minimal impact”. Hence this answer choice is correct.
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2017, 21:49
The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally download music from the Internet. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music.

=> lack of resources for RI
less number of criminal
so minimal impact

Pre-thinking
can be weakened if we can prove that even if number of criminal who are punished, it will have a major impact.

The answer to which of the following questions would best help evaluate the accuracy of the conclusion above?

(B) Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?
I think it is repeating what premise is saying/ small no. of people are responsible. what minority has anything to do with this? Most important, it is not bridging the gap between Small no. ===> major impact.

(C) Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?

I have one doubt here. If small no. of people are responsible and these people are the one who share music files with other Internet users, then acting on these people will have a major impact.
For instance, there are multiple torrent sites who shares pirated movies. if we can stop them through legislation, even though there no. is small, it will have a major impact.

then why no C?

(E) Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music? = correct
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 05:52
The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally download music from the Internet. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music.

=> lack of resources for RI
less number of criminal
so minimal impact

Pre-thinking
can be weakened if we can prove that even if number of criminal who are punished, it will have a major impact.

The answer to which of the following questions would best help evaluate the accuracy of the conclusion above?

(B) Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?
I think it is repeating what premise is saying/ small no. of people are responsible. what minority has anything to do with this? Most important, it is not bridging the gap between Small no. ===> major impact.

(C) Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?

I have one doubt here. If small no. of people are responsible and these people are the one who share music files with other Internet users, then acting on these people will have a major impact.
For instance, there are multiple torrent sites who shares pirated movies. if we can stop them through legislation, even though there no. is small, it will have a major impact.

then why no C?

(E) Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music? = correct

The reason C is wrong, among other reasons, is because of the use of the word 'many'. If 'many' was replaced with 'most', you might have a case. Many just means some people, whereas most means the majority. This is a tricky difference that the GMAT likes to put into questions.

Does this help?
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Re: The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not  [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2017, 10:07
The recording industry is fighting a losing battle: it simply does not have the resources to prosecute all of the individuals who illegally download music from the Internet. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music.

The answer to which of the following questions would best help evaluate the accuracy of the conclusion above?

Question type: Evaluate-a-plan

We have to evaluate that the recording industry is fighting a loosing battle. Because the number of individuals who will be charged with a crime is so limited, the actions of the recording industry will have a minimal impact on the number of people who illegally download music.
Missing information: Action on more people --> the better impact on people .

(A) Will recording industry lawyers dedicate the majority of their time to prosecuting those who illegally download music?
Where do these lawyers spend there majority of time is of no use to evaluate this plan.
(B) Is a small minority of individuals responsible for the majority of illegal song downloads?
Knowing whether it was a small minority of individuals or not will not help us unless we know if the action was taken against them.
(C) Do many individuals who illegally download songs share their music files with other Internet users?
Eliminate. Out of focus.
(D) Will new Internet security technology permit the recording industry to more quickly and easily identify individuals who illegally download music?
Eliminate. Out of focus, again.
(E) Will the threat of prosecution alter the behavior of those who illegally download music?
This option hinges on what we thought in missing information. If the threat of prosecution will alter the behavior of those who illegally download music then this may not be a loosing battle for the recording industry. on the other had if it doesn't then it strengthen the argument.
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18 Dec 2018, 05:50
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