It is currently 23 Oct 2017, 10:44

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 16 Sep 2007
Posts: 21

Kudos [?]: 26 [1], given: 0

The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2007, 06:53
1
This post received
KUDOS
16
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:24) correct 38% (01:31) wrong based on 551 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force a rethinking of the role of comets in the delivery of organic compounds to the evolving Earth.

(A) The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force

(B) The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes, provided new insights into how comets form and thus possibly forcing

(C) When a comet's spectacular disintegration occurred in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes last year, it provided new insights into how comets form and thus may possibly force

(D) Last year, in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes, a comet's spectacular disintegration provided new insights into how comets form and thus possibly forcing

(E) Last year, in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes, the spectacular disintegration of a comet has provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 12 Oct 2017, 17:11, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

Kudos [?]: 26 [1], given: 0

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 May 2007
Posts: 54

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 0

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2007, 07:27
We have to determine what the subject is in this question: what might force a rethinking, since it cannot be Last Year, in full view, it eliminates D and E, leaving us A,B and C.
now B and C can be eliminated since thus possibly and thus may possibly forcing sounds wrong, the word 'possibly' sounds plain wrong, when used with 'may' or 'thus'.

That leaves us only with choice A.

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 0

CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2554

Kudos [?]: 518 [0], given: 0

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2007, 11:06
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
kaijen wrote:
Test2-91. (29317-!-item-!-188;#058&004234)

The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force a rethinking of the role of comets in the delivery of organic compounds to the evolving Earth.

(A) The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force
(B) The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes, provided new insights into how comets form and thus possibly forcing
(C) When a comet's spectacular disintegration occurred in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes last year, it provided new insights into how comets form and thus may possibly force
(D) Last year, in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes, a comet's spectacular disintegration provided new insights into how comets form and thus possibly forcing
(E) Last year, in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes, the spectacular disintegration of a comet has provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force

nothing wrong with A here.

B: as well as is wordier than "and" and is not needed here. and thus possibly forcing is awkward and could be better said as: and may thus force.
C: "it" has no clear referent.
D: thus possibly forcing is incorrect.
E: again as well as is wordier than and

Also I think some of the meaning is lost when you change around the sentence as done in D and E.

Kudos [?]: 518 [0], given: 0

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Fighting on
Joined: 14 Mar 2010
Posts: 310

Kudos [?]: 30 [1], given: 3

Schools: UCLA (R1 interview-WL), UNC(R2--interview-ding) Oxford(R2-Admit), Kelley (R2- Admit $$), McCombs(R2)
WE 1: SE - 1
WE 2: Engineer - 3
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Aug 2010, 09:09
1
This post received
KUDOS
(A) The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force
(B) The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes, provided new insights into how comets form and thus possibly forcing
(C) When a comet's spectacular disintegration occurred in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes last year, it provided new insights into how comets form and thus may possibly force
(D) Last year, in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes, a comet's spectacular disintegration provided new insights into how comets form and thus possibly forcing
(E) Last year, in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes, the spectacular disintegration of a comet has provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force

Kudos [?]: 30 [1], given: 3

1 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1633

Kudos [?]: 1107 [1], given: 109

Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Aug 2010, 10:14
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A.
That was tricky.
@kaijen: I think that E changes the meaning of the sentence. You could understand that the disintigration of the comet provided insights in the last year. This does not mean that the disintigration took place the last year.

Don't forget to check not only the grammar but also the meaning and sense of the sentence.

I think I deserve kudos ;)
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 1107 [1], given: 109

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 03 Nov 2005
Posts: 380

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 17

Location: Chicago, IL
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Aug 2010, 14:13
Present perfect is incorrect, there is an indication of time in this sentence - Last year.
_________________

Hard work is the main determinant of success

Kudos [?]: 68 [0], given: 17

Expert Post
10 KUDOS received
Manhattan Prep Instructor
avatar
Joined: 29 Apr 2010
Posts: 125

Kudos [?]: 469 [10], given: 1

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2010, 13:08
10
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Choices A and B are almost identical--take out some modifiers to see the underlying structure:

(A) [strike]The[/strike] [strike]spectacular[/strike] disintegration [strike]of a comet last year in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes[/strike] provided new insights [strike]into how comets form[/strike] and may thus force

(B) [strike]The spectacular[/strike] disintegration[strike]of a comet last year in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes,[/strike] provided new insights [strike]into how comets form[/strike] and thus possibly forcing

Even though the verb tenses are different in choice A ("provided" versus "may thus force"), this switch in tense is JUSTIFIED by the meaning...something that happened in the past may effect the future. There is no tensed verb in choice B at all, so this answer violates parallelism. This is a great example of there being more than one way to skin a cat-- I'd venture that a lot of people would get hung up on the "and" versus "as well as" distinction, which is less common. It's my understanding (and if someone knows this for sure I'd love to hear your thoughts) that "and" is necessary to justify the hyphen usage here ("as well as" usually follows a comma and starts out a modifying phrase that does NOT change the singularity/plurality of a noun)--but if you weren't sure about that distinction it's best to go for what you DO know and not get hung up on what you don't.

(C) When [strike]a comet's spectacular[/strike] disintegration occurred [strike]in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes last year[/strike], it provided new insights[strike]into how comets form[/strike] and thus may possibly force.

The meanings of "may" and "possibly" overlap, so this phrase is redundant. Lose it.

(D) Last year, [strike]in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes,[/strike] [strike]a comet's spectacular[/strike] disintegration provided new insights [strike]into how comets form[/strike] and thus possibly forcing

Choice D has the same issue as choice B with lack of a tensed verb. Additionally, the placement of the modifier "in full view..." implies that the providing of insights was what happened in full view of the telescopes. Lose it.

(E) Last year,[strike]in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes,[/strike] [strike]the spectacular[/strike]disintegration [strike]of a comet[/strike] has provided new insights[strike]into how comets form[/strike] and may thus force

I agree with rlevochkin-- this is an incorrect use of the present perfect tense. When you pinpoint a specific point in time, you cannot use the present perfect.
In 1998, I have eaten the best pie ever made. INCORRECT
In 1998, I ate the best pie ever made. CORRECT
Last year, I have gone to school. INCORRECT
Last year, I went to school. CORRECT
You CAN, however say "Since [a specific point in time]" --
Since 1998, I have lived in Santa Monica. CORRECT


That only leaves A!
_________________


JP Park | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Los Angeles

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 469 [10], given: 1

Forum Moderator
Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: mission completed!
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1391

Kudos [?]: 953 [0], given: 621

GPA: 3.77
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2010, 13:27
parker,

thanks a lot for explanations provided.
Excellent!
+ kudos
_________________

Audaces fortuna juvat!

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Kudos [?]: 953 [0], given: 621

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 24 Aug 2010
Posts: 187

Kudos [?]: 98 [0], given: 18

Location: Finland
Schools: Admitted: IESE($$),HEC, RSM,Esade
WE 1: 3.5 years international
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2010, 03:00
kaijen wrote:
Test2-91. (29317-!-item-!-188;#058&004234)

The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force a rethinking of the role of comets in the delivery of organic compounds to the evolving Earth.

(A) The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force
(B) The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes, provided new insights into how comets form and thus possibly forcing
(C) When a comet's spectacular disintegration occurred in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes last year, it provided new insights into how comets form and thus may possibly force
(D) Last year, in full view of ground- and space-based telescopes, a comet's spectacular disintegration provided new insights into how comets form and thus possibly forcing
(E) Last year, in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes, the spectacular disintegration of a comet has provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force

A for me too. I was stuck between A and E.
I rejected E on two grounds: the use of commas which makes the second phrase a non-essestial modifier which is not the case here. The phrase " in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes" is essential to meaning of the sentence, so the use of commas is not justified. Secondly, the use of perfect tense is not necessary. The action has already occured and simply requires a present tense. The infromation derived from that action may be present but the action is already over. Also, you do not need a present perfect when you are talking about a specific point of time in the past that has already occured.

Kudos [?]: 98 [0], given: 18

3 KUDOS received
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4290

Kudos [?]: 7933 [3], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2010, 03:07
3
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
If you can remember two basic things in the given context, the answer will pop up.

1. The co-ordinate conjunction - and – joins two equal things and so if you have a clause on one side of the -and - you must necessarily have another clause on the other side. Otherwise the sentence is un-parallel. So B and D are out for using the incomplete phrase thus possibly forcing after the co-ordinate conjunction – and-

2. The disintegration occurred last year. The adverb last year must not be far removed from the disintegration.

The misplacement of the adverb -last year- after - telescopes in C and - before in full view of ground - in E, fouls this structural rule.


Then we are left only with A.

The point is that in a pressure-cooker test such as GMAT, if you can spot at least one error in a choice, then dump it and get going than pull your hair on fine prints. Any takers?
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb.
9884544509

Kudos [?]: 7933 [3], given: 364

VP
VP
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1402

Kudos [?]: 159 [0], given: 916

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Nov 2011, 20:15
yes, it is clear A is oa.

"last year" in A modify WHAT. pls, help.

normally, adverb modify verb or adjective. These case are easy.

"last year" in A modify what, pls, help.

Kudos [?]: 159 [0], given: 916

Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Time to apply!
Joined: 24 Aug 2011
Posts: 197

Kudos [?]: 146 [0], given: 166

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 600 Q48 V25
GMAT 2: 660 Q50 V29
GMAT 3: 690 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.2
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Nov 2011, 08:23
metallicafan wrote:
A.
That was tricky.
@kaijen: I think that E changes the meaning of the sentence. You could understand that the disintigration of the comet provided insights in the last year. This does not mean that the disintigration took place the last year.

Don't forget to check not only the grammar but also the meaning and sense of the sentence.

I think I deserve kudos ;)



good catch :)
_________________

Didn't give up !!! Still Trying!!

Kudos [?]: 146 [0], given: 166

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 29 Nov 2012
Posts: 868

Kudos [?]: 1416 [0], given: 543

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jul 2013, 02:11
@Parker Great Explanation! BTW good question!
_________________

Click +1 Kudos if my post helped...

Amazing Free video explanation for all Quant questions from OG 13 and much more http://www.gmatquantum.com/og13th/

GMAT Prep software What if scenarios http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-prep-software-analysis-and-what-if-scenarios-146146.html

Kudos [?]: 1416 [0], given: 543

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10106

Kudos [?]: 264 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Sep 2014, 11:03
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 264 [0], given: 0

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Apr 2014
Posts: 143

Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 1474

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Oct 2014, 12:06
Hi all,
Can someone guide me over the difference between "provided" and " , provided" in option A and option B?
Thanks

Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 1474

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Apr 2014
Posts: 143

Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 1474

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Oct 2014, 14:10
Hi all,
Can someone guide me over the difference between "provided" and " , provided" in option A and option B?
Thanks

Kudos [?]: 74 [0], given: 1474

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 06 Jan 2014
Posts: 70

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 79

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Oct 2014, 07:43
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
maggie27 wrote:
Hi all,
Can someone guide me over the difference between "provided" and " , provided" in option A and option B?
Thanks



In Option B

, provided new insights into how comets.... is acting a modifier for the first part of the sentence.

However if we look closely than the first part below has no verb and hence a sentence fragment.
"The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes"
_________________

______________________________
Liked the Post !!!! KUDOs Plzzzzz

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 79

Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 06 Mar 2014
Posts: 270

Kudos [?]: 113 [0], given: 84

Location: India
GMAT Date: 04-30-2015
Reviews Badge
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2015, 07:35
dream21 wrote:
maggie27 wrote:
Hi all,
Can someone guide me over the difference between "provided" and " , provided" in option A and option B?
Thanks



In Option B

, provided new insights into how comets.... is acting a modifier for the first part of the sentence.

However if we look closely than the first part below has no verb and hence a sentence fragment.
"The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes"


This is precisely my Query and I am tired of beating my head over it.
RULE states that: Verb-ed modifier modifies the closest NOUN.

Now looking at the statement which is Correct: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground-and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force

It is being assumed that "provided" is modifying 'the spectacular disintegration'. However, as per the above mentioned RULE, telescopes is the closest noun and the verb-ed modifier(provided) should be modifying Telescopes.

What am i missing here? Just following the rules and apparently stuck.

Please Experts or even anyone. Kindly look into this.

Kudos [?]: 113 [0], given: 84

Current Student
avatar
Joined: 14 Nov 2014
Posts: 107

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 0

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.34
WE: General Management (Aerospace and Defense)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2015, 12:12
earnit wrote:
dream21 wrote:
maggie27 wrote:
Hi all,
Can someone guide me over the difference between "provided" and " , provided" in option A and option B?
Thanks



In Option B

, provided new insights into how comets.... is acting a modifier for the first part of the sentence.

However if we look closely than the first part below has no verb and hence a sentence fragment.
"The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground- as well as space-based telescopes"


This is precisely my Query and I am tired of beating my head over it.
RULE states that: Verb-ed modifier modifies the closest NOUN.

Now looking at the statement which is Correct: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of ground-and space-based telescopes provided new insights into how comets form and may thus force

It is being assumed that "provided" is modifying 'the spectacular disintegration'. However, as per the above mentioned RULE, telescopes is the closest noun and the verb-ed modifier(provided) should be modifying Telescopes.

What am i missing here? Just following the rules and apparently stuck.

Please Experts or even anyone. Kindly look into this.


Provided in this context is NOT a modifier, it is a full verb.

Example: I provided him with food.

In B, "provided" is a modifier because it is being set off by a comma.

Kudos [?]: 31 [0], given: 0

Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Status: Getting strong now, I'm so strong now!!!
Affiliations: National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
Joined: 04 Jun 2013
Posts: 563

Kudos [?]: 697 [0], given: 80

Location: India
GPA: 3.32
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2015, 22:42
B and D out because of "thus possibly forcing"

C is out because of "it"

Now, between A and C , i saw the A has simple past with "last year" and E has "past perfect " with last year
from my previous knowledge i thought E is thus wrong
_________________

Regards,

S

Consider +1 KUDOS if you find this post useful

Kudos [?]: 697 [0], given: 80

Re: The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr   [#permalink] 08 May 2015, 22:42

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 21 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The spectacular disintegration of a comet last year in full view of gr

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


cron

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.