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# The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple

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Manager
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
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The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2012, 08:20
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The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological truth, that fear of retaliation makes a would-be aggressor nation hesitate before attacking and is often sufficient to deter it altogether from attacking. Clearly, then to maintain military deterrence, a nation would have to believed to have retaliatory power so great that a potential aggressor nation would have reason to think that it could not defend itself against such retaliation.

If the statements above are true, which one of the following can be properly inferred?

(A) A would-be aggressor nation can be deterred from attacking only if it has certain knowledge that it would be destroyed in retaliation by the country it attacks.

(B) A nation will not attack another nation if it believes that its own retaliatory power surpasses that of the other nation.

(C) One nation’s failing to attack another establishes that the nation that fails to attack believes that it could not withstand a retaliatory attack from the other nation.

(D) It is in the interests of a nation that seeks deterrence and has unsurpassed military power to let potential aggressors against it become aware of its power of retaliatory attack.

(E) Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation.

OA soon.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by nelz007 on 03 Dec 2012, 19:55, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2012, 09:53
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(A) A would-be aggressor nation can be deterred from attacking only if it has certain knowledge that it would be destroyed in retaliation by the country it attacks: Incorrect. It might be true but not a necessary condition.

(B) A nation will not attack another nation if it believes that its own retaliatory power surpasses that of the other nation: Incorrect. Opposite

(C) One nation’s failing to attack another establishes that the nation that fails to attack believes that it could not withstand a retaliatory attack from the other nation: Incorrect. It might be true but not necessarily true.

(D) It is in the interests of a nation that seeks deterrence and has unsurpassed military power to let potential aggressors against it become aware of its power of retaliatory attack: Correct.

(E) Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation: Incorrect. Out of scope.
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2012, 10:56
nelz007 wrote:
The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological truth, that fear of retaliation makes a would-be aggressor nation hesitate before attacking and is often sufficient to deter it altogether from attacking. Clearly, then to maintain military deterrence, a nation would have to believed to have retaliatory power so great that a potential aggressor nation would have reason to think that it could not defend itself against such retaliation.

If the statements above are true, which one of the following can be properly inferred?

(A) A would-be aggressor nation can be deterred from attacking only if it has certain knowledge that it would be destroyed in retaliation by the country it attacks.

(B) A nation will not attack another nation if it believes that its own retaliatory power surpasses that of the other nation.

(C) One nation’s failing to attack another establishes that the nation that fails to attack believes that it could not withstand a retaliatory attack from the other nation.

(D) It is in the interests of a nation that seeks deterrence and has unsurpassed military power to let potential aggressors against it become aware of its power of retaliatory attack.

(E) Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation.

OA soon.

I think option D is out as the question type is inference, hence we need to stick to the boundaries of the question, option D mentions " has unsurpassed military power" thats no where discussed in the argument and is completely out of scope.

IMO its E
Manager
Joined: 20 Aug 2012
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2012, 15:54
The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological truth, that fear of retaliation makes a would-be aggressor nation hesitate before attacking and is often sufficient to deter it altogether from attacking. Clearly, then to maintain military deterrence, a nation would have to believed to have retaliatory power so great that a potential aggressor nation would have reason to think that it could not defend itself against such retaliation.

If the statements above are true, which one of the following can be properly inferred?

(A) A would-be aggressor nation can be deterred from attacking only if it has certain knowledge that it would be destroyed in retaliation by the country it attacks.

(B) A nation will not attack another nation if it believes that its own retaliatory power surpasses that of the other nation.

(C) One nation’s failing to attack another establishes that the nation that fails to attack believes that it could not withstand a retaliatory attack from the other nation.

(D) It is in the interests of a nation that seeks deterrence and has unsurpassed military power to let potential aggressors against it become aware of its power of retaliatory attack.

(E) Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation.

Manager
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 235
Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2012, 20:03
OA updated the answer is D. E has 2 issues

E) Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation.

We aren't given any info about the degree of deference. Also, we have been given any other nation in this answer choice - the stimulus says "aggressor or potential aggressor."
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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17 May 2014, 17:20
OE for this one please? Is this from GMAT Hacks? Avohden could you please confirm?

Thanks!
Cheers
J
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 09:55
Guys, some help here would be nice.
I can't get why D is the right answer and not E.
anyone?
Director
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The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 10:16
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Quote:
Guys, some help here would be nice.
I can't get why D is the right answer and not E.
anyone?

the argument is talking about the "psychological truth" . notice the following wording "a nation would have to believed to have retaliatory power so great that a potential aggressor nation would have reason to think that it could not defend itself against such retaliation."------------->no where in the text it is mentioned that the nation need to have such power in reality .it might be a "false impression" that this nations might have to create to have this deterrence !!!

why D ?
because this is what D is stressing at

why not E ?
E says: Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation----------->it is not necessary that the nation "maintains" such a force in reality !! the nation has to give that impression that it has such a power !! in fact this is very true in today's real situation

does it make sense ?
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2012
Posts: 453
Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 10:22
Quote:
Guys, some help here would be nice.
I can't get why D is the right answer and not E.
anyone?

the argument is talking about the "psychological truth" . notice the following wording "a nation would have to believed to have retaliatory power so great that a potential aggressor nation would have reason to think that it could not defend itself against such retaliation."------------->no where in the text it is mentioned that the nation need to have such power in reality .it might be a "false impression" that this nations might have to create to have this deterrence !!!

why D ?
because this is what D is stressing at

why not E ?
E says: Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation----------->it is not necessary that the nation "maintains" such a force in reality !! the nation has to give that impression that it has such a power !! in fact this is very true in today's real situation

does it make sense ?

Got it.
Thanks
Manager
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 13:00
Got this one right but appears to be a tough one for me. Took 3:15 minutes to end up.
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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03 May 2015, 18:24
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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05 May 2016, 01:37
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple [#permalink]

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05 May 2016, 04:22
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A good question.

1. As per the theory - fear of retaliation makes a would-be aggressor nation hesitate before attacking
2. Hence the nation that has to defense has to show the aggressor that its military power is greater than that of the aggressor

(A) A would-be aggressor nation can be deterred from attacking only if it has certain knowledge that it would be destroyed in retaliation by the country it attacks.
Only is a strong word here. There can be other reasons too for not attacking.
INCORRECT

(B) A nation will not attack another nation if it believes that its own retaliatory power surpasses that of the other nation.
This is opposite of what is being talked about here
INCORRECT

(C) One nation’s failing to attack another establishes that the nation that fails to attack believes that it could not withstand a retaliatory attack from the other nation.
Again, there might be other reasons that he nation did not attack. Establishing a a fact is pin pointing to a reason. This is too strong a usage.
INCORRECT

(D) It is in the interests of a nation that seeks deterrence and has unsurpassed military power to let potential aggressors against it become aware of its power of retaliatory attack.
CORRECT. This is what the argument is all about and resonates with our part 2.

(E) Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation.
Requires again is a strong word. The nation can just tell plain lies to showcase its military power. It just needs to how the aggressors that it has more military power.
INCORRECT

In a CR questions, try to avoid strong words in the answer choices.
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple   [#permalink] 05 May 2016, 04:22
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