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# The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological

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Intern
Joined: 17 May 2017
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The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological  [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 08:10
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95% (hard)

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51% (01:30) correct 49% (02:00) wrong based on 74 sessions

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The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological truth, that fear of retaliation makes a would-be aggressor nation hesitate before attacking and is often sufficient to deter it altogether from attacking. Clearly, then to maintain military deterrence, a nation would have to believed to have retaliatory power so great that a potential aggressor nation would have reason to think that it could not defend itself against such retaliation.
If the statements above are true, which one of the following can be properly inferred?
(A) A would-be aggressor nation can be deterred from attacking only if it has certain knowledge that it would be destroyed in retaliation by the country it attacks.
(B) A nation will not attack another nation if it believes that its own retaliatory power surpasses that of the other nation.
(C) One nation’s failing to attack another establishes that the nation that fails to attack believes that it could not withstand a retaliatory attack from the other nation.
(D) It is in the interests of a nation that seeks deterrence and has unsurpassed military power to let potential aggressors against it become aware of its power of retaliatory attack.
(E) Maintaining maximum deterrence from aggression by other nations requires that a nation maintain a retaliatory force greater than that of any other nation.

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Mention why you eliminated each option

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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological  [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 10:34
Hi shwetachauhan
Can you provide OE for this one .
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Re: The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological  [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 20:26
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A. certain knowledge it would be destroyed? this is too far, failure to defend is not the same as certain knowledge it would be destroyed. the choice is too extreme.

B. this is just wrong. plus WILL NOT is again extreme wording.

C. this inference is wrong too. there could be many reasons why they dont attack. maybe they just dont want to.

D. this is right. if the goal of a nation is to seek deterrence, and it has the military power, it should let others know of its power. if no one knows about the nations power, the nation will still get attacked. they will win because they have unsurpassed military power, but they will still be attacked. the whole point is deterrence.

E. vague terms. what exactly is "maximum deterrence" . perhaps in addition to retaliatory force, there are other, less significant factors that can increase deterrence.
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The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological  [#permalink]

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18 May 2017, 21:02
I cannot choose an answer between D and E. It is because my English is still not good.
"unsurpassed" really got me wrong here. I chose E.

Now, after I re-read the argument, I find that the word "often is sufficient". This implies that there is no requirement here, so E is incorrect.
The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological &nbs [#permalink] 18 May 2017, 21:02
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# The theory of military deterrence was based on a simple psychological

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