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The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed

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The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter that set forth its form of government and the rights of the colonists.

(A) some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter

(B) some being formed as a commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all of which had written charters

(C) some that as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all had written charters

(D) with some being formed as a commercial venture, others as religious havens, all had written charters

(E) with some formed as commercial ventures, while others as religious havens, each had a written charter

Originally posted by mrsmarthi on 23 Sep 2009, 20:49.
Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Dec 2017, 00:41, edited 2 times in total.
Added OA.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2009, 22:54
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IMO A.....
A) some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter----Clear & consise
B) some being formed as a commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all of which had written charters
C) some that as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all had written charters
D) with some being formed as a commercial venture, others as religious havens, all had written charters
E) with some formed as commercial ventures, while others as religious havens, each had a written charter----changes the meaning with some formed as--with is not needed here.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2009, 00:36
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mrsmarthi wrote:
The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter that set forth its form of government and the rights of the colonists.

A) some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter
B) some being formed as a commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all of which had written charters
C) some that as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all had written charters
D) with some being formed as a commercial venture, others as religious havens, all had written charters
E) with some formed as commercial ventures, while others as religious havens, each had a written charter



I went this way:
each had a written charter[/u] that set forth its form of government and the rights of the colonists.

We should use each instead of all. "All" is used when discussed about common issues. Here colonies had unique charter - so, go with "each"

B,C,D - out

E. with some formed as commercial ventures, while others as religious havens, each had a written charter

With is absolutely redundant. colonies ... some formed as

We leave with A.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2012, 23:40
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Correct me if i am wrong but a comma can be used only for two reasons
1.) separate a non essential modifier
2.) separate different items of a similar list
3.) used with subordinator words to joi a main clause with a sub ordinate clause , ot with cojunctions to join two main clauses.

Now here If we dont use with and while then the sentance is like
Some colonies, modifier, modifier, have something.
If we use with and while
it becomes Main clause-Subordinator(some are ...-Subrodinator- ... other ), have charter.

Can two modifiers follow the subject with just a comma ? or by way of idiomatic usage that entine sentence Some x other Y becomes a single modifier.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2012, 04:51
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The thirteen original Britishcolonies in North America, some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens,each had a written charter that set forth its form of government and the rights of the colonists.

The stem now reduces to : The 13 colonies ................................ ( EACH/ALL)............... had charter/s............ THAT set forth ITS form of Govt..........AND........Y

B : all of which = Eliminated

ITS in the non-underlined portion signifies that the referrent is clearly each individual colony

Thus C / D = ALL = Eliminated

Left with A n E :

A : The 13 colonies , ......... some formed as X, others formed as Y

E : The 13 colonies , .......WITH some formed as X, WHILE others formed as Y

E : Does addition of With / While makes any sense or helps us in getting a clearer view of the intent = Guess NO = Eliminated

Left with A , my take.

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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2014, 01:06
The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter that set forth its form of government and the rights of the colonists.

if we look at the non-underline sentence fragment "that set forth its form of government and the rights of the colonists" -> the sentence is describing "each" colony one at a time.

A) some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter
B) some being formed as a commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all of which had written charters -> Because of the above issue
C) some that as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all had written charters -> Because of the above issue
D) with some being formed as a commercial venture, others as religious havens, all had written charters -> Because of the above issue
E) with some formed as commercial ventures, while others as religious havens, each had a written charter

now with can be used as adverbial phrase (most of the time) and sometimes, with is used to modify the subject.
Here with can be used to modify the subject - Colonies.
Now in option E) with some formed as commercial ventures, while others as religious havens, each had a written charter
"with" used to modify the colonies
"formed" is also used to modify the colonies.
The correct option E) could be -> "with some as commercial ventures, while others as religious havens, each had a written charter"
Now with is modifying the subject -> colonies.

Hence A) is correct.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 17:43
Hello mikemcgarry,

I have a Magoosh subscription and have recently read your blog on "with" + [noun] + [preposition] but still have some confusion on the usage of "with" modifier used in choices D and E. Can you please shed light on why the usage here is wrong? Would be much appreciated, thanks!
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The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2018, 01:13
The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter that set forth its form of government and the rights of the colonists.

(A) some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, each had a written charter - Correct

(B) some being formed as a commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all of which had written charters - Usage of being formed

(C) some that as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, all had written charters - same issue as B

(D) with some being formed as a commercial venture, others as religious havens, all had written charters - usage of being formed;

"The colonies each had a charter." That correctly implies: 13 colonies, 13 charters.
"The colonies all had a charter." That incorrectly implies: 13 colonies, 1 grand charter for everyone.

(E) with some formed as commercial ventures, while others as religious havens, each had a written charter - "with" wrongly suggests that "some" refers not to the colonies themselves but to something that the colonies came with. to suggest that you're referring to the colonies themselves (which you are), you need modifiers of the type used in the correct answer (a).

* "while" MUST be used with a clause or __ing phrase. it can't be used with a construction that doesn't contain any sort of verb form (such as this one, which is just noun + prepositional phrase).

I found the above explanations in BTG and Manhattan GMAT forum.

1. Can we reject option B on the basis that there is no main verb in the sentence because all of which is a relative clause?

2. Also, is there any difference between "all had written charters" and "each had a written charter". I understand that "all had a written charter" means different - all of them together had a charter.

3. Please let me know any other way to eliminate options in this question.

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasKarishma , ChiranjeevSingh , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , daagh , ccooley , other experts - please enlighten
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2018, 03:35
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I do not think all of which starts a relative clause in B. All is the noun and 'of which' is just a prepositional modifier, and the whole phrase makes a noun phrase. It is an IC.

All had written charters, and each had a charter will mean the same.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2018, 09:34
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Really good question, and it sets up one of my favorite Sentence Correction "hacks." Note that the pronoun "its" is fixed outside the underline:

...that set forth its form of government...

You're stuck with that singular "its" (it's not underlined so you can't change it), and that should signal that you need the individual/singular "each" and not the collective "all." Something like "the colonies all had charters that established its form of government" is just a huge numerical agreement error.

The bigger lesson (and I swear I learned this from years of doing Sentence Correction "upside down" as a tutor looking across a library or Starbucks table at the problem a student was doing) is that if you see a pronoun fixed outside the underline, there's a very very good chance it controls a singular/plural decision elsewhere in the problem. That was always one of my "cheats" as a tutor...I'd be reading an Official Guide problem upside down and as soon as I scanned and saw a familiar "its" or "they" or any other pronoun, I *knew* I had a singular/plural decision point to work with. So that's still something I always look for. Pronoun outside the underline --> use that as a tool to 1) search for an agreement error somewhere in the problem, and 2) establish whether you need singular or plural.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2019, 08:25
Hi GMATNinja,

Could you please help with this question ? I am unable to find any verb for the subject "British Colonies"
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2019, 08:44
Hi Manas, had the simple past tense verb.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2019, 09:28
EducationAisle wrote:
Hi Manas, had the simple past tense verb.


The thirteen original British colonies in North America (Subject) Should not this have a verb too ? I know this would make the sentence a comma splice error but I am not able to understand how a modfier(each) can take the verb of the main subject leaving the British Colonies with out a verb ?
, some formed as commercial ventures, others as religious havens, Modifiers
each(Subject) had(verb) a written charter that set forth its form of government and the rights of the colonists.

Please help
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2019, 10:12
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Manas1212 wrote:
The thirteen original British colonies in North America (Subject) Should not this have a verb too ?

Yes Manas, this is indeed the subject (and had is the verb for this subject).

The structure is like this:

They each had a plan.

This is equivalent to:

Each of them had a plan.

On the other hand, if the sentence was just:

They had a plan.

This could mean that they jointly (rather than individually) had a plan.

So, in the sentence under consideration, each has just been introduced to emphasize the individual nature of each of the British colonies.
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Re: The thirteen original British colonies in North America, some formed   [#permalink] 26 Apr 2019, 10:12
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