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# The three women, liberal activists who strongly support

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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2007, 04:20
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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by singh_amit19 on 14 Oct 2007, 05:39, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2007, 09:06
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JingChan wrote:
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

B - "are receiving support"

"have received" implies they had it for something and may or may not have it anymore.

not CDE: "unqualified support"

Have/Has + past participle (Received) - represents a going on action that began in the past and continues in the present.

Eg: Our country has enforced strict immigration laws for thirty years.

This sentence doesn't mean it happened in the past and it may or may not continue. Our country enforced strict immigration laws in the past and still enforces them today.

Hope that helps.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2007, 10:47
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Quote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

I think the answer should be A. "have consistently received" is present perfect which indicates three women received labor's support in the past and they continue to do so even now.

B doesnt seem correct... there is no need for present participle here. This choice makes it sound like three women are receiving support right at this moment.

C is again present participle. But "received the unqualified support of labor" is passive. A is in active voice, hence my choice over C.

Last edited by gluon on 14 Oct 2007, 11:00, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2007, 10:57
gluon wrote:
singh_amit19 wrote:
OA is C

Look at Spider's explanation above. Its right on money.

I am quite convinced that answer shud b between A & C......but y not possessive form i.e. labor’s unqualifying support instead of the unqualified support of labor
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2009, 18:56
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singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

I will go with C.

In A:
labor's unqualifying support --> labor's <unqualifying support > --> which may mean that .. labor has "qualifying support" and "unqualifying support" and we are referring to labor's <unqualifying support>

this doesn't make sense.

it should be unqualifying/unqualified labor's support --> unqualified <support of labor>

C is far better than A.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2009, 06:16
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singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C

It's definitely between B and C, but my choice is C. "A" is out of the question because "labor's unqualifying support" uses "labor" as possessive.

"B" says that the three women "are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor". If they are receiving it, that means it is happening in the present, which doesn't make for a very interesting sentence. Also I don't think "unqualifying" is even a word. For me the word "unqualifying" is what rules out "B".

"C" says that the the women "have consistently...support of labor". If they have received it, that means that it started in the past and continues, which does make for an interesting sentence. "Unqualified support" is used properly.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2011, 09:39
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the issue here is just that "labor's unqualifying support" is just ridiculously awkward. this is one of those things that native speakers will understand almost instinctively, but that is nevertheless nearly impossible to explain to non-natives.

in general, i'm loath to use apostrophe + "s" for anything but humans, animals, and the like. this is definitely NOT a hard and fast rule, but i've noticed that it's fairly consistent across most usage.
thus, "an ape's vocal tract" is preferred to "the vocal tract of an ape", but "the colors of the mural" is better than "the mural's colors".

in general, if you get to pick between the apostrophe+s construction and the "of" construction, and the possessor isn't a living thing, i'd go with the latter.
but by all means try to eliminate based on other things first.

the REAL issue, though, is "unqualifying" -- this is incorrect.
"unqualifying" means "not meeting some sort of standard for qualification".
the intended meaning here is "unqualified", which means "without any sort of restriction or reservation".
I find this discussion on http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/post21475.html
Hope this helps
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2011, 22:34
gmatin2011 wrote:
Let me try..

IMO C.

It was b/w A&C.
B -out as "unqualifying" sounds awkward...A out for the same reason.
D&E -out as "consistent and unqualified" is wrong..
C -perfect.

Indeed, I did not know unqualifying was illegible word - really so, you wouldn't find it in any decent dictionary. For me sounded O'K as i am non-native (picked A during my practice test yesterday )
What about posessives labor's Perhaps GMAT prefers of <...> construction to apostrophe?
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2011, 06:45
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Evaluating the choices, we see B and E with the present continous verb form. This means they are receiving support right now. But it seems more appropriate for the word consistently to have a "have consistently received". Meaning it started in the past and is still continuing right now.

So we are left with A,C and D.

D is wrong because the verb form refers to an "eternal state" or "habitual action". This is not ideal with the author's intent. It also shifts the adverb consistently from modifying receive to modifying support.

A is wrong because "unqualifying support" means a disqualified support. not what the author intends. Unqualified is more preferrable.

Therefore, C
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2012, 08:32
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Hi,
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor's unqualifying support.

1. Generally, apostrophe “s” is used with living beings. It is better to avoid them if they are used with a non-living thing. However, this should not be followed as a rule. This is the matter of preference. For example:
i. “the lion’s mane” is better than “the mane of the lion”
ii. “the color of the shirt” is better than “the shirt’s color”
Hence, “labor’s unqualifying support” is a very preferable expression.
2. “unqualifying” is no word at all. (Type it in the word document and you will see the red line appearing below it.)
3. Well, both the verb tenses “have received” and “are receiving” are correct. Per the original sentence, the women “have received” consistent support, meaning that they have been receiving the support for quite some time now. There are no solid reasons why it should be changed to “are receiving”.

POE:
Let us eliminate the answer choices based on more obvious errors in the sentence.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support: Wrong as discussed.

(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor: Wrong. “unqualifying” is ungrammatical.

(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor: Correct answer. Per the context of the sentence, the word “unqualified” means “not modified, limited, or restricted in any way”.

(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor: This choice distorts the meaning of the sentence. Also use of “by” is incorrect here.

(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor: Same errors as in D.
Notice that other answer choices can be eliminated for more obvious errors rather than the verb tense issue.

1. Avoid ungrammatical expressions.
2. Avoid answer choices that distort the meaning of the sentence.
3. Look for obvious errors in an answer choice to eliminate it.

Thanks.

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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2013, 06:37
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Golden rules.
1. Tell yourself, this question is an easy question and I am going to make it my 3!7(h.
2. Go for it.

Now the question.
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

Step 1 - Skim through the parts between the commas.
Step 2 - Eliminate answer choices till you find the least confusing one.
Step 3 - Move on. Tell yourself that was right.

Between A & C even I picked A, however whatever beyond700 and suresh have pointed out is true. Thanks guys.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2013, 06:45
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

OA is C

I see parallelism playing out here. It was that idea that clinched it for me.

The three women, liberal activists who have been strongly supporting legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection....

I would have gone for A without batting an eyelid.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2013, 08:49
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

B and E are awkward choices and are out straightaway.

D is out because "support by ..." is unidiomatic. The correct idiom is "support of"

Between A and C, A is wrong because of the wrong use of possessive noun labor's un-qualifying support (possessive noun can only be used with abstract nouns).

So, C is the best possible answer choice.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2014, 09:07
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Here, if we carefully consider two words (1. unqualifying/unqualified and 2. support by/ support of), we can easily solve this problem.

"Unqualified" means unconditional. This term is normally used in auditing when the auditor make opinion about the fairness of financial statements. unqualified opinion reprents presented financial statements are unconditionally fair.
Here, unqualified support means all labors support the three women unconditionally. So only C,D,E can be correct.
Unqualifying means "not meeting some sort of standard for qualification". This term is meaningless here. So A and B should be eliminated.

In D and E, "by labor" is not the correct idiom. X is supported by Y, but X receives the support of Y. Eliminate D and E.

So, correct answer is C ( these two problems are solved here)
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2014, 10:06
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Hi,

Here I was quite confused too. But if you apply the right method, then it become easy.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support - labor's unqualifying support is wordy
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor Change tense
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor - This one is correct
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor By labor is wrong
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor By labor is wrong

Between B and C you need to refer to the original sentence. Original sense says HAVE RECEIVED and B uses $$gerund$$, which is wrong.

Hope it helps
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2015, 21:08
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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Solution:

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
There is a issue in the meaning.
The support is modified by Labor. That is labor's suppport
And also the support is unqualified.
That means "unqualified" and "labor's" should be modifying support.
But in this option "labor’s unqualifying support" -> Support is modified by unqualified and qualified is modified by labor's -> which is illogical as labor's cannot modify unqualified.
Besides, "unqualifying" is not a word.

(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
The above issue is rectified but we have another issue.
Now the meaning is "liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection" this is modifying "The three women" and the sentence talks about why they are "liberal activists". They have become "liberal activists" because they received support (I have stripped support of all the adjectives).
That means they received the support sometime back and the support is still continuing -> So present perfect is applicable.
This option uses the present continuous -> it means that support is still continuing and it is for a very short duration, and that doesn't provide the require understanding.

For example: I am cycling now -> The actions started some time back and it is continuing for a "short" duration. The cycling cannot be for a day or a month or a whole year. In this question, we require a duration for at least a month or a year.

Besides, "unqualifying" is not a word.

(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor -> Correct

(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
In this option, the adverb "consistently" is converted into consistent which is a performing a role of an adjective and is modifying the support. This changes the meaning drastically as we require the adverb "consistently" to modify receive (verb).

This is also a tense issue -> Simple present which suggests that it is always true -> which is illogical.

(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor
In this option, the adverb "consistently" is converted into consistent which is a performing a role of an adjective and is modifying the support. This changes the meaning drastically as we require the adverb "consistently" to modify receive (verb).
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 02:09
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Tense Problem: 'consistently' means that something has happened from the past up to present. Hence, using simple present or progressive present does not make sense here, sinece these two tenses do not include the past. We need present perfect. Eliminate B, D, E

Meaning issue: in A 'unqualifying' seems to suggest that the support is of a special kind of support that 'unqualifies' ...
This meaning is not logical, as 'support', by definition, cannot unqualify! Eliminate A

In C, 'qualified' means total or complete

I think 'unqualifying' is not idiomatic
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2016, 04:22
daryayurlova wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor's unqualifying support
(a)
(b) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(c) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(d) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(e) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

The three women , is plural so if you remove the supporting clause , you will need a verb which correctly refers to them in the context.
have does that better than are , since sighting a sure event (past or present ) is better than present continuous.

Thus we are left with A and C , Between these 2 unqualified support of labor is correct . Plus i dont think unqualifying is a correct usage
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2016, 13:47
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techiesam wrote:
daagh wrote:
‘Unqualifying’ means undeserving or without qualifications; ‘unqualified’ means absolute and full. Both are usable in their own contexts. But here ‘unqualifying’ doesn’t fit in. So A and B are out.

By labor’ is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is either ‘from labor’ or ‘of labor’ D and E are out. C is left.

Hallo Daagh,

There is no doubt that the right answer is C in this case but tell me whether the following sentence is wrong?

"Express Entry candidates who have a job offer supported by a Labor Market Assessment."

We read "supported by" on too many news paper articles.Are you saying they are wrong in most of the occasions??

"Labour" is not the point here. "Support" is the point.

"Support" as a noun takes "of" or "from", whereas "support" as a passive verb (or a participle) takes "by" (any transitive passive verb takes "by").

Correct: I have the support of / from Labour Union.
Correct: I am supported by Labour Union.
Wrong: I have the support by Labour Union.
Wrong: I am supported of / from Labour Union.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2016, 00:10
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singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Please stop all the fancy explanations. RIGHT NOW !!

There is no such word as "UNQUALIFYING" . THE CORRECT WORD IS "NON-QUALIFYING" which means "NOT ELIGIBLE or NOT WORTHY"

On the other hand "UNQUALIFIED" is a correct word which means "TOTAL, COMPLETE, WITHOUT RESTRICTION"

Since we are talking about something that has happened to three woman in the past, therefore "have received" is correct. ("have" plural for 3 women, "received" for past action)

This combination of UNQUALIFIED + HAVE RECEIVED is found in OPTION C

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