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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in

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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.


(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support

(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor

(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor

(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor

(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 78: Sentence Correction


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Originally posted by singh_amit19 on 14 Oct 2007, 05:20.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Nov 2018, 04:00, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2012, 09:32
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Hi,
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor's unqualifying support.

Image

1. Generally, apostrophe “s” is used with living beings. It is better to avoid them if they are used with a non-living thing. However, this should not be followed as a rule. This is the matter of preference. For example:
i. “the lion’s mane” is better than “the mane of the lion”
ii. “the color of the shirt” is better than “the shirt’s color”
Hence, “labor’s unqualifying support” is a very preferable expression.
2. “unqualifying” is no word at all. (Type it in the word document and you will see the red line appearing below it.)
3. Well, both the verb tenses “have received” and “are receiving” are correct. Per the original sentence, the women “have received” consistent support, meaning that they have been receiving the support for quite some time now. There are no solid reasons why it should be changed to “are receiving”.

POE:
Let us eliminate the answer choices based on more obvious errors in the sentence.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support: Wrong as discussed.

(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor: Wrong. “unqualifying” is ungrammatical.

(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor: Correct answer. Per the context of the sentence, the word “unqualified” means “not modified, limited, or restricted in any way”.

(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor: This choice distorts the meaning of the sentence. Also use of “by” is incorrect here.

(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor: Same errors as in D.
Notice that other answer choices can be eliminated for more obvious errors rather than the verb tense issue.

Image

1. Avoid ungrammatical expressions.
2. Avoid answer choices that distort the meaning of the sentence.
3. Look for obvious errors in an answer choice to eliminate it.

Thanks.
Shraddha

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QOTD: The three women, liberal activists  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2017, 12:20
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I really don’t like this question very much, to be honest. But it’s a good “inside the mind of the GMAT” sort of example. Basically, the question is entirely about picking up on the details that slightly tweak the meaning of the sentence. And meaning is easily half the battle on SC.

Quote:
(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support

I wish that there were some nice, clean grammatical errors here, but unfortunately, we have to think about the meaning of the sentence right off the bat. “Unqualifying” basically means “fails to meet a standard or threshold”, and that doesn’t make sense here. We’re not saying that labor’s support is “unqualifying” or inadequate in some way; the sentence is clearly trying to say that labor’s support is not limited.

So we’re much better off with the word “unqualified”, which means “without reservation or limitation” in this case. (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor

“Unqualifying” is wrong for the same reasons as in (A). I'm not convinced by the verb tense, either: it seems much more reasonable to use present perfect (“have received”), since that tense is used for an action that starts in the past and continues into the present. The support MUST have started in the past for this sentence to make sense, so the use of present tense is inappropriate. Eliminate (B).

Quote:
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor

This fixes the verb tense issue, and “unqualified” makes much more sense than “unqualifying.” Keep (C).

Quote:
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor

As discussed in (B), the verb tense doesn’t really work here: how could that support be “consistent and unqualified” if it didn’t start in the past? I also think it makes more sense to say “of labor” than “by labor,” but that’s not nearly as important. Either way, (D) is out.

Quote:
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Same issue as in (B) and (D): the use of present tense doesn’t make a whole lot of sense here. (E) is gone, and (C) is the correct answer.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2009, 19:56
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singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor



I will go with C.

In A:
labor's unqualifying support --> labor's <unqualifying support > --> which may mean that .. labor has "qualifying support" and "unqualifying support" and we are referring to labor's <unqualifying support>

this doesn't make sense.

it should be unqualifying/unqualified labor's support --> unqualified <support of labor>

C is far better than A.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2015, 22:08
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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Solution:

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
There is a issue in the meaning.
The support is modified by Labor. That is labor's suppport
And also the support is unqualified.
That means "unqualified" and "labor's" should be modifying support.
But in this option "labor’s unqualifying support" -> Support is modified by unqualified and qualified is modified by labor's -> which is illogical as labor's cannot modify unqualified.
Besides, "unqualifying" is not a word.


(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
The above issue is rectified but we have another issue.
Now the meaning is "liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection" this is modifying "The three women" and the sentence talks about why they are "liberal activists". They have become "liberal activists" because they received support (I have stripped support of all the adjectives).
That means they received the support sometime back and the support is still continuing -> So present perfect is applicable.
This option uses the present continuous -> it means that support is still continuing and it is for a very short duration, and that doesn't provide the require understanding.

For example: I am cycling now -> The actions started some time back and it is continuing for a "short" duration. The cycling cannot be for a day or a month or a whole year. In this question, we require a duration for at least a month or a year.

Besides, "unqualifying" is not a word.


(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor -> Correct

(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
In this option, the adverb "consistently" is converted into consistent which is a performing a role of an adjective and is modifying the support. This changes the meaning drastically as we require the adverb "consistently" to modify receive (verb).

This is also a tense issue -> Simple present which suggests that it is always true -> which is illogical.


(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor
In this option, the adverb "consistently" is converted into consistent which is a performing a role of an adjective and is modifying the support. This changes the meaning drastically as we require the adverb "consistently" to modify receive (verb).
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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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‘Unqualifying’ means undeserving or without qualifications; ‘unqualified’ means absolute and full. Both are usable in their own contexts. But here ‘unqualifying’ doesn’t fit in. So A and B are out.

By labor’ is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is either ‘from labor’ or ‘of labor’ D and E are out. C is left.
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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2016, 05:22
daagh wrote:
‘Unqualifying’ means undeserving or without qualifications; ‘unqualified’ means absolute and full. Both are usable in their own contexts. But here ‘unqualifying’ doesn’t fit in. So A and B are out.

By labor’ is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is either ‘from labor’ or ‘of labor’ D and E are out. C is left.


Hallo Daagh,

There is no doubt that the right answer is C in this case but tell me whether the following sentence is wrong?

"Express Entry candidates who have a job offer supported by a Labor Market Assessment."

We read "supported by" on too many news paper articles.Are you saying they are wrong in most of the occasions??
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2016, 14:47
techiesam wrote:
daagh wrote:
‘Unqualifying’ means undeserving or without qualifications; ‘unqualified’ means absolute and full. Both are usable in their own contexts. But here ‘unqualifying’ doesn’t fit in. So A and B are out.

By labor’ is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is either ‘from labor’ or ‘of labor’ D and E are out. C is left.


Hallo Daagh,

There is no doubt that the right answer is C in this case but tell me whether the following sentence is wrong?

"Express Entry candidates who have a job offer supported by a Labor Market Assessment."

We read "supported by" on too many news paper articles.Are you saying they are wrong in most of the occasions??


"Labour" is not the point here. "Support" is the point.

"Support" as a noun takes "of" or "from", whereas "support" as a passive verb (or a participle) takes "by" (any transitive passive verb takes "by").

Correct: I have the support of / from Labour Union.
Correct: I am supported by Labour Union.
Wrong: I have the support by Labour Union.
Wrong: I am supported of / from Labour Union.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 19 Jul 2016, 03:26
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singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor


Please stop all the fancy explanations. RIGHT NOW !!

There is no such word as "UNQUALIFYING" . THE CORRECT WORD IS "NON-QUALIFYING" which means "NOT ELIGIBLE or NOT WORTHY"

On the other hand "UNQUALIFIED" is a correct word which means "TOTAL, COMPLETE, WITHOUT RESTRICTION"


Since we are talking about something that has happened to three woman in the past, therefore "have received" is correct. ("have" plural for 3 women, "received" for past action)

This combination of UNQUALIFIED + HAVE RECEIVED is found in OPTION C

C IS THE CORRECT ANSWER.
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Last edited by LogicGuru1 on 19 Jul 2016, 03:26, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor



This question could be solved easily by using the intended meaning of the sentence on the first place,below:

The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support .........>unqualifying=not meeting some sort of standard for qualification.This is not the intended meaning
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor .......>Changed the time-frame to very short-term by using present continuous(Started almost recently) here
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor ............>unqualified =without any sort of restriction or reservation,or simply not qualified,Correct
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor ........>present -"universal truth" kind of sentence.No specific time frame
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor .......>Incorrect as answer Choice B

Correct Answer C
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Re: QOTD: The three women, liberal activists  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2017, 14:43
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"C" for me.

The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support -unqualify is a modifier modifying support. And the support is given by labor. So, better way to write is unqualified support of labor.
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor -Change of tense. We need to show continuity so present perfect is required. Present continuous changes the intended meaning.
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor -CORRECT
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor -support by? We need support of
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor -support by? We need support of
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Re: QOTD: The three women, liberal activists  [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 74: Sentence Correction


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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.



A. Labour's is wrong.
B. We need present perfect
C. Bingo
D. Changes meaning (consistently is used as adverb in the original sentence). This option considered it as a diff action
E. same as D
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Re: QOTD: The three women, liberal activists  [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 74: Sentence Correction


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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


The answer is C

'Unqualified" should modify support
The women were not supported by the labor rather they were given support .

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Re: QOTD: The three women, liberal activists  [#permalink]

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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

'Unqualified means without reservation or hesitation, unconditional; unqualifying means undue, undeserving

You might see why A and B are out for meaning absurdly. C is the best because of the idiom as well as the use of the present perfect rather than the out of context present tense and present progressive.
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Re: QOTD: The three women, liberal activists  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 10:29
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support - unqualifying is incorrect
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor - Present continuous tense,
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor - Correct
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor - usage of and changes the meaning
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor - Present continuous tense, usage of and changes the meaning

Answer C
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Re: QOTD: The three women, liberal activists  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 15:31
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Unqualifying = The opposite of qualifying.

Qualifying = training, serving to make fit or competent; limiting, restricting; attributing particular characteristics or qualities; moderating, modifying.

One definition of to qualify is "to limit".
In the SC above, to have "unqualified support" means to have "unlimited support".

In A and B, "unqualifying support" means that the support is not limiting something else. The intended meaning of the sentence is that the activists have the "unqualified support" (meaning the unlimited support) of labor. Eliminate A and B.

In D and E, "by labor" is not the correct idiom. X is "supported by" Y, but X receives the "support of" Y. Eliminate D and E.

The correct answer is C.

Unqualified = Giving support without any reservation/condition.

==> A and B are out.

D and E do not convey the meaning consistent with "consistently".

Answer is C.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 15:42
Unqualifying = The opposite of qualifying.

Qualifying = training, serving to make fit or competent; limiting, restricting; attributing particular characteristics or qualities; moderating, modifying.

One definition of to qualify is "to limit".
In the SC above, to have "unqualified support" means to have "unlimited support".

In A and B, "unqualifying support" means that the support is not limiting something else. The intended meaning of the sentence is that the activists have the "unqualified support" (meaning the unlimited support) of labor. Eliminate A and B.

In D and E, "by labor" is not the correct idiom. X is "supported by" Y, but X receives the "support of" Y. Eliminate D and E.
The correct answer is C.
Unqualified = Giving support without any reservation/condition.
==> A and B are out.
D and E do not convey the meaning consistent with "consistently".
Answer is C.
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New post 09 Nov 2018, 06:51
(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support - incorrect
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor - Incorrect
C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor - correct option
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor - not the intended meaning
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor - not the intended meaning
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2018, 06:51
(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support - incorrect
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor - Incorrect
C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor - correct option
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor - not the intended meaning
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor - not the intended meaning
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2018, 22:27
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.


(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support

(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor

(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor

(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor

(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor




Verbal Question of The Day: Day 78: Sentence Correction


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Use of "consistent AND unqualified support" in D and E changes the meaning slightly; the intended meaning is that they are "consistently getting the unqualified support".
Between A and C, C is direct and clearly better so A can be eliminated.
It's between B and C.
"Unqualifying" has a different meaning than "Unqualified". Definitely, former is better.
Hence, B.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in   [#permalink] 23 Dec 2018, 22:27

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