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The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy

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The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Sep 2018, 04:20
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A
B
C
D
E

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The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.

(A) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(B) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, and in the process the financial markets

(C) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(D) have the result of inflation—of which there is little evidence—but also that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(E) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets

THE OA makes Zero sense! can any help me understand why the OA is the anwer.

C. Note the all-important pronoun decision point here – “it” in A, B, and D and “they” in C and E. Because the actions are what will either succeed or fail in reviving the economy, and because of the parallel structure “not that its actions will ____ but that they will_____”, the correct pronoun must be “they”. And choices B, D, and E make another subtle but significant error – by using the present tense “…and strain,” these sentences make “strain” parallel to “revive.” This means that the sentence reads “(the actions) will fail to revive and (fail to) strain,” which is illogical, as the success of the actions is to do only one of those things (revive) and its failure to do so will cause the strain. To say that it would fail to do both verbs, revive and strain, is illogical as the two actions are essentially opposite. Only choice C, which uses the proper pronoun “they” and the proper verb usage “straining” (as a modifier) logically conveys the meaning of the sentence, so choice C is correct.

Originally posted by RudeyboyZ on 16 Aug 2015, 12:45.
Last edited by hazelnut on 15 Sep 2018, 04:20, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 10:29
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rukna wrote:
How can first its in non underlined portion refer to Central Bank (its in possessive form). ?


hi rukna,

Its is not refering to cental bank but central bank's

take it this way..

its - possessive form...
without possessive - IT

central bank's - possessive form
without possessive- central bank..
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2015, 13:12
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RudeyboyZ wrote:
THE OA makes Zero sense! can any help me understand why the OA is the anwer.



Request you to always underline and then the question; It surely helps!!!

The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.

A: result in inflation – of which there is little evidence - but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

What does IT refer to? IT should refer to the CB but central bank is in the possessive form. IT has no antecedent.

B: result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, and in the process the financial markets

What does IT refer to? IT should refer to the CB but central bank is in the possessive form. IT has no antecedent.

C: result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

CORRECT Nice way to get out of the mess- THEY refers to Efforts !!! and the sentence maintains the meaning by maintaining the , participle in the end to show the effect of the efforts.

D: have the result of inflation – of which there is little evidence – but also that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

What does IT refer to? IT should refer to the CB but central bank is in the possessive form. IT has no antecedent. .

E: result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets

They is used correctly as in C but this option messes up the last bit of the sentence.The sentence does not maintain the meaning by avvoding the , participle in the end to show the effect of the efforts. Also antecedent of which , confidence, is non-sensical.


I hope you find the above helpful!!

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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2015, 09:07
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The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will

having trouble in this question. I see its here, and not sure how then we can use they in the second part. Also hard to tell they are referring to different things.
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New post 09 Dec 2015, 09:58
GMATDemiGod wrote:
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will

having trouble in this question. I see its here, and not sure how then we can use they in the second part. Also hard to tell they are referring to different things.


RudeyboyZ wrote:
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation– of which there is little evidence – but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.


Its refer to central bank

Correct idiomatic usage is : Not X but Y

actions is plural so it will require a plural Verb , only (C) and (E) have plural pronnoun " They "

However in (E) we have the following issues -

Quote:
result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets


So, among (C) and (E) , (C) looks good !!

samichange has provided us with a detailed explanation, however we will be more than happy to provide further explaination.

Plz feel free to revert in case of ay doubt !! :-D
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 07:24
How can first its in non underlined portion refer to Central Bank (its in possessive form). ?
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 07:59
rukna wrote:
How can first its in non underlined portion refer to Central Bank (its in possessive form). ?


There is no problem with the use of Its when it is referring to a singular antecedent.

Here in this case its is clearly referring to the central bank.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 10:19
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The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will ...

Here possessive pronoun 'its' is referring to possessive noun central bank’s. Possessive nouns can refer to possessive as well as non-possessive ones(subject or object pronouns). The only rule that should be remembered is that possessive nouns cannot be the antecedent of a non-possessive pronoun. For ex. following sentence is wrong:

Central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy are not enough as it is not taking into account all the stakeholders in the economy.

Here it(subject or personal pronoun) should have referred to noun Central Bank and not possessive pronoun Central Bank's.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2016, 02:44
chetan2u wrote:
rukna wrote:
How can first its in non underlined portion refer to Central Bank (its in possessive form). ?


hi rukna,

Its is not refering to cental bank but central bank's

take it this way..

its - possessive form...
without possessive - IT

central bank's - possessive form
without possessive- central bank..


Thanks all. I did a similar MGMAT CAT question on similar concept. They said its unlikely this concept will be tested on actual gmat but I think they did.

Got the concept now. :)
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2018, 17:46
Note the all-important pronoun decision point here – “it” in A, B, and D and “they” in C and E. Because the actions are what will either succeed or fail in reviving the economy, and because of the parallel structure “not that its actions will ____ but that they will_____”, the correct pronoun must be “they”. And choices B, D, and E make another subtle but significant error – by using the present tense “…and strain,” these sentences make “strain” parallel to “revive.” This means that the sentence reads “(the actions) will fail to revive and (fail to) strain,” which is illogical, as the success of the actions is to do only one of those things (revive) and its failure to do so will cause the strain. To say that it would fail to do both verbs, revive and strain, is illogical as the two actions are essentially opposite. Only choice C, which uses the proper pronoun “they” and the proper verb usage “straining” (as a modifier) logically conveys the meaning of the sentence, so choice C is correct.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 13:49
Not sure I agree with this question at all.

By the same logic that users above have eliminated A, they could have eliminated C. In fact it makes less sense to me to use "they" for a possessive collective noun.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2019, 07:18
dcummins wrote:
Not sure I agree with this question at all.

By the same logic that users above have eliminated A, they could have eliminated C. In fact it makes less sense to me to use "they" for a possessive collective noun.


They is reffering to "its actions" no to the efforts.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2019, 15:01
We definitely have to cut things down to C or E. "They" refers to actions, and we definitely need a plural pronoun for that. It doesn't work to say that "it" (the bank) will fail to revive the economy when we are specifically criticizing the plans. E is out for the modifier issue mentioned above. It also demonstrates false parallelism by making "fail" and "strain" parallel, when the latter is the result of the former.

However, there is a problem with all five answers. They all say that there is little evidence of inflation, but this doesn't make sense, since inflation is something people are predicting will happen, not something that is supposed to have happened already. We should be saying that there is little evidence that the actions will result in inflation. We could do that with a modifier along the lines of "an assertion for which there is little evidence."
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New post 20 Jan 2020, 16:28
Once the choices with pronoun errors are eliminated, we are left with C & E. Of the two, C seems better worded.
Quote:
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.

(A) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets
Incorrect because of pronoun error

(B) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, and in the process the financial markets
Incorrect because of pronoun error

(C) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets
Correct answer choice

(D) have the result of inflation—of which there is little evidence—but also that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets
Incorrect because of pronoun error

(E) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets
C seems better worded.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2020, 17:22
After reading complete thread, my opinion to this problem is that
Though it is incorrect to use non-possessive pronoun for possessive antecedent, we can use non-possessive pronoun for possessive pronoun if meaning is clear and there is no ambiguity. Suppose in "it will fail to revive..."
Central bank will fail to revive...Not the intended meaning.
Central bank's actions will fail to revive... Correct as we place pronoun according to logical antecedent which is currently residing in parallel phrase.
Central bank's efforts will fail to revive...ambiguous.

Here we are using idiom Not X but Y. So subject pronoun in Y must be according to logical antecedent in X.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2020, 18:05
RudeyboyZ wrote:
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.


Meaning: The main effect of the efforts of stimulating the economy is - the efforts will fail to revive the economy. This failure will strain investor confidence. The straining will in turn strain the financial markets.

(A) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets
- "it" refers to "efforts" - Subject- pronoun error.
- "straining" presents the result of failure to revive the economy. The doer "efforts" is same for "failure" and "straining" - Use of "verb-ing" is correct
- Wrong

(B) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, and in the process the financial markets
- Repeats the "it" error
- Meaning error - because of the use of connector "and" the sentence now conveys the meaning - the efforts will not fail to revive the economy and fail to strain investor confidence
- Wrong

(C) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets
- "they" correctly refers to "efforts"
- Use of "straining" is correct
- Correct

(D) have the result of inflation—of which there is little evidence—but also that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets
- Incorrect use of "it"
- Meaning error because of the use of "and"
- Wrong

(E) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets
- While this option correctly uses the pronoun "they" instead of "it", the sentence changes the meaning of the sentence by using "and" instead of the"verb-ing" modifier.
- Wrong
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2020, 05:20
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Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

RudeyboyZ wrote:
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.

(A) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(B) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, and in the process the financial markets

(C) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(D) have the result of inflation—of which there is little evidence—but also that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(E) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets


Choice A: This answer choice incorrectly uses the singular pronoun "it" to refer to the plural noun "efforts". Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice repeats the subject-verb disagreement found in Option A. Additionally, this answer choice suffers from a meaning error; due to the use of the conjunction "and" in the phrase "fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence", this answer choice implies that the central bank's efforts will fail to accomplish two goals - reviving the economy and straining investor confidence. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice C: This answer choice conveys the intended meaning of the sentence and maintains subject-verb agreement. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice D: This answer choice repeats the errors found in Option B. Furthermore, the phrase "have the result of inflation" is needlessly wordy and renders this answer choice awkward. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice repeats the error related to the use of "and", found in Options B and D. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, C is the best answer choice.

All the best!
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2020, 05:20
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