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The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy

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The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 15 Sep 2018, 04:20
4
21
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

44% (01:56) correct 56% (01:57) wrong based on 660 sessions

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The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.

(A) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(B) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, and in the process the financial markets

(C) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(D) have the result of inflation—of which there is little evidence—but also that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

(E) result in inflation—of which there is little evidence—but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets

THE OA makes Zero sense! can any help me understand why the OA is the anwer.

C. Note the all-important pronoun decision point here – “it” in A, B, and D and “they” in C and E. Because the actions are what will either succeed or fail in reviving the economy, and because of the parallel structure “not that its actions will ____ but that they will_____”, the correct pronoun must be “they”. And choices B, D, and E make another subtle but significant error – by using the present tense “…and strain,” these sentences make “strain” parallel to “revive.” This means that the sentence reads “(the actions) will fail to revive and (fail to) strain,” which is illogical, as the success of the actions is to do only one of those things (revive) and its failure to do so will cause the strain. To say that it would fail to do both verbs, revive and strain, is illogical as the two actions are essentially opposite. Only choice C, which uses the proper pronoun “they” and the proper verb usage “straining” (as a modifier) logically conveys the meaning of the sentence, so choice C is correct.

Originally posted by RudeyboyZ on 16 Aug 2015, 12:45.
Last edited by hazelnut on 15 Sep 2018, 04:20, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 10:29
3
rukna wrote:
How can first its in non underlined portion refer to Central Bank (its in possessive form). ?


hi rukna,

Its is not refering to cental bank but central bank's

take it this way..

its - possessive form...
without possessive - IT

central bank's - possessive form
without possessive- central bank..
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2015, 13:12
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RudeyboyZ wrote:
THE OA makes Zero sense! can any help me understand why the OA is the anwer.



Request you to always underline and then the question; It surely helps!!!

The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.

A: result in inflation – of which there is little evidence - but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

What does IT refer to? IT should refer to the CB but central bank is in the possessive form. IT has no antecedent.

B: result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, and in the process the financial markets

What does IT refer to? IT should refer to the CB but central bank is in the possessive form. IT has no antecedent.

C: result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

CORRECT Nice way to get out of the mess- THEY refers to Efforts !!! and the sentence maintains the meaning by maintaining the , participle in the end to show the effect of the efforts.

D: have the result of inflation – of which there is little evidence – but also that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets

What does IT refer to? IT should refer to the CB but central bank is in the possessive form. IT has no antecedent. .

E: result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets

They is used correctly as in C but this option messes up the last bit of the sentence.The sentence does not maintain the meaning by avvoding the , participle in the end to show the effect of the efforts. Also antecedent of which , confidence, is non-sensical.


I hope you find the above helpful!!

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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2015, 09:07
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will

having trouble in this question. I see its here, and not sure how then we can use they in the second part. Also hard to tell they are referring to different things.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2015, 09:58
GMATDemiGod wrote:
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will

having trouble in this question. I see its here, and not sure how then we can use they in the second part. Also hard to tell they are referring to different things.


RudeyboyZ wrote:
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will result in inflation– of which there is little evidence – but that it will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure, straining investor confidence and, in the process, the financial markets.


Its refer to central bank

Correct idiomatic usage is : Not X but Y

actions is plural so it will require a plural Verb , only (C) and (E) have plural pronnoun " They "

However in (E) we have the following issues -

Quote:
result in inflation – of which there is little evidence – but that they will fail to revive the economy by any substantial measure and strain investor confidence, which will in the process strain the financial markets


So, among (C) and (E) , (C) looks good !!

samichange has provided us with a detailed explanation, however we will be more than happy to provide further explaination.

Plz feel free to revert in case of ay doubt !! :-D
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 07:24
How can first its in non underlined portion refer to Central Bank (its in possessive form). ?
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 07:59
rukna wrote:
How can first its in non underlined portion refer to Central Bank (its in possessive form). ?


There is no problem with the use of Its when it is referring to a singular antecedent.

Here in this case its is clearly referring to the central bank.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2016, 10:19
The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy is not that its actions will ...

Here possessive pronoun 'its' is referring to possessive noun central bank’s. Possessive nouns can refer to possessive as well as non-possessive ones(subject or object pronouns). The only rule that should be remembered is that possessive nouns cannot be the antecedent of a non-possessive pronoun. For ex. following sentence is wrong:

Central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy are not enough as it is not taking into account all the stakeholders in the economy.

Here it(subject or personal pronoun) should have referred to noun Central Bank and not possessive pronoun Central Bank's.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2016, 02:44
chetan2u wrote:
rukna wrote:
How can first its in non underlined portion refer to Central Bank (its in possessive form). ?


hi rukna,

Its is not refering to cental bank but central bank's

take it this way..

its - possessive form...
without possessive - IT

central bank's - possessive form
without possessive- central bank..


Thanks all. I did a similar MGMAT CAT question on similar concept. They said its unlikely this concept will be tested on actual gmat but I think they did.

Got the concept now. :)
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2018, 17:46
Note the all-important pronoun decision point here – “it” in A, B, and D and “they” in C and E. Because the actions are what will either succeed or fail in reviving the economy, and because of the parallel structure “not that its actions will ____ but that they will_____”, the correct pronoun must be “they”. And choices B, D, and E make another subtle but significant error – by using the present tense “…and strain,” these sentences make “strain” parallel to “revive.” This means that the sentence reads “(the actions) will fail to revive and (fail to) strain,” which is illogical, as the success of the actions is to do only one of those things (revive) and its failure to do so will cause the strain. To say that it would fail to do both verbs, revive and strain, is illogical as the two actions are essentially opposite. Only choice C, which uses the proper pronoun “they” and the proper verb usage “straining” (as a modifier) logically conveys the meaning of the sentence, so choice C is correct.
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Re: The true danger in the central bank’s efforts to stimulate the economy &nbs [#permalink] 09 Sep 2018, 17:46
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