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The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m

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The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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AbdurRakib wrote:
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)

Dear AbdurRakib,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

Split #1: we have two verbs in parallel, the verb "comes" and the verb "is." Two verbs with the same subject need to be linked with a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, yet, etc.)
The book explains X, covers Y.
That's run-on sentence.
The book explains X, and covers Y.
The book explains X, but covers Y.

Both of those are fine. The word "thus" creates logical connection, but this does NOT take the place of a coordinating conjunction. Only the choices with "and" are correct. We can eliminate (A) & (C).

Now compare what happens after quotes:
(B) and so is best to be studied as . . . a lily-livered wordy disaster.
(D) and thus is best studied as = elegant and succinct
(E) and so it is best to be studied as = an awkward monstrosity

Some of the answer choices also do funny things with the phrasing of "theory of mind."
(B) the domain "theory of mind" = OK, debatable perhaps a subtle change in meaning
(C) the domain of a "theory of mind" = quite wrong
(E) the domain of the "theory of mind" = also debatable: is there only one theory?? We don't know.

Choice (D) masterfully avoids all these problems:
... the domain of "theory of mind" and thus is best studied as . . .

Finally, notice that the comma between two parallel verb is not strictly wrong: this is not a 1005 B/W rule. Nevertheless, with relatively short clauses, omitting the comma is strongly preferred, and that's precisely what (D) does.

Official questions are always such masterpieces. As a question writer, I am always jealous!! :-)

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2016, 22:38
Why is the comma used inside "theory of mind,"
Is it a typo error or is as per OG?

Here the best way to eliminate the wrong options is to check

Behaviour........comes within the domain of ' theory of mind ' ( its specifically stated ). So, do we need a/the (specific marker)?...... answer is no .
The thing that is already stated as specific , if we use specific marker with it ....then redundancy occurs.

Thus, eliminate C and E

In B , Also domains can take of or in but as stated
Behaviour........comes within the domain ' theory of mind ' ( non sensical )

Now, A vs D

And is required because there are 2 verbs used for same subject , so to connect them we need conjunction.

D IS CORRECT.

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Last edited by Nick90 on 22 Jun 2016, 05:51, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2016, 02:33
Nick90 wrote:
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)

Why is the comma used inside "theory of mind,)
Is it a typo error or is as per OG?

Here the best way to eliminate the wrong options is to check w

Behaviour........comes within the domain of ' theory of mind ' ( its specifically stated ). So, do we need a/the (specific marker)?...... answer is no . The thing that is already stated as specific , if we use specific marker with it ....then redundancy occurs.

Thus, eliminate C and E

In B , Also domains can take of or in but as stated
Behaviour........comes within the domain ' theory of mind ' ( non sensical )

Now, A vs D

And is required because there are 2 verbs used for same subject , so to connect them we need conjunction.

D IS CORRECT.

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Thanks,but the typo of the question is absolutely correct
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2016, 02:41
mikemcgarry wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)

Dear AbdurRakib,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

Split #1: we have two verbs in parallel, the verb "comes" and the verb "is." Two verbs with the same subject need to be linked with a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, yet, etc.)
The book explains X, covers Y.
That's run-on sentence.
The book explains X, and covers Y.
The book explains X, but covers Y.

Both of those are fine. The word "thus" creates logical connection, but this does NOT take the place of a coordinating conjunction. Only the choices with "and" are correct. We can eliminate (A) & (C).

Now compare what happens after quotes:
(B) and so is best to be studied as . . . a lily-livered wordy disaster.
(D) and thus is best studied as = elegant and succinct
(E) and so it is best to be studied as = an awkward monstrosity

Some of the answer choices also do funny things with the phrasing of "theory of mind."
(B) the domain "theory of mind" = OK, debatable perhaps a subtle change in meaning
(C) the domain of a "theory of mind" = quite wrong
(E) the domain of the "theory of mind" = also debatable: is there only one theory?? We don't know.

Choice (D) masterfully avoids all these problems:
... the domain of "theory of mind" and thus is best studied as . . .

Finally, notice that the comma between two parallel verb is not strictly wrong: this is not a 1005 B/W rule. Nevertheless, with relatively short clauses, omitting the comma is strongly preferred, and that's precisely what (D) does.

Official questions are always such masterpieces. As a question writer, I am always jealous!! :-)

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)


Thanks for your nice explanation always


In reference to the highlighted portion,Can you provide me some examples about correct long clauses with the comma construction
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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Nick90 wrote:
Why is the comma used inside "theory of mind,"
Is it a typo error or is as per OG?

Dear Nick90,

Are you asking about why the comma is inside the quote marks? This is a subtle difference between British and American punctuation standards. As a general rule, if a word or phrase with quotes appears before a comma or period, Brits will close the quotes and then have a period, whereas we Yanks will include the comma or period inside the quotes;
... "theory of mind", thus ... = British convention
... "theory of mind," thus ... = American convention

Neither is "wrong" --- it's just two different conventions. Remember, of course, that GMAC, the folks that write the GMAT and all the official guides, is centered here in Reston, Virginia. They never test punctuation, in part because native English speakers from different countries have different conventions. Nevertheless, sometimes, in a non-tested part of a question, you will see the American conventions followed. Thus, it is not a typo. It is not someone trying to follow the British convention and failing: it is actually an entirely separate convention.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2016, 12:18
AbdurRakib wrote:
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)


My 2 cents:-

Meaning of the sentence is that because certain behavior comes with the domain of 'theory of mind' it is best studied as a part of the field of animal cognition.

'to be' is wrong because 'to be' refers to opine something. However, it is already a stated reason. B and E are out.


A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best. I see ',' is within ' " ', which to me looks not right
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best Two independent sentences are connected by right conjunction. I see ',' is within ' " '
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best. Both sentences are connected by 'and' and maintains correct parallalism

Type of behaviour comes within the domain of “theory of mind” AND thus is best studied as part of the field


E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

I hope my understanding is correct :)
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2016, 22:49
AbdurRakib wrote:
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)



i understand how the answer is d
but what i am not able to understand is that two independent clauses are to be separated by a semi colon or a common with a conjunction which is not the case in (d).

where am i wrong ?

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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 01:35
[quote="AbdurRakib"]The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

in B and E.

this behaviour is best to be studied as part of this field.
this make no sense.
the following makes sense

this book is best to study english. or . to study english, this book is best.
the following is also correct
it is best to learn english at this time. "it' here is a fake subject.

in both correct cases above, the agent/real subject of "to do" is not the grammatical subject of sentence.


this is a little hard.
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2016, 10:19
vishakhagoel33@gmail.com wrote:
AbdurRakib wrote:
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)



i understand how the answer is d
but what i am not able to understand is that two independent clauses are to be separated by a semi colon or a common with a conjunction which is not the case in (d).

where am i wrong ?

Dear vishakhagoel33@gmail.com,

I'm happy to respond. :-) Unfortunately, I don't know that I fully understand your question. In this question, in no choice are there two independent clauses. The sentence is attempting, with greater or lesser success, to put to verbs in parallel for the same subject. The subject is "type of behavior" and the parallel verbs are "comes" and "is [best] studied." Also, a semicolon is not used in any answer here. Are you asking about this question or another question?

Mike
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Hi All,

I have been preparing for GMAT for a while now and below are my thoughts that i have gathered over some time. Experts, please let me know if i am mistaken somewhere. First, I will generally go over the concepts tested in this question.

1. Conjunctions vs adverbs

While most of us don't want to know the technical grammar terms to solve the SC, at times it almost becomes imperative to understand.

" and" - conjunction : Joins two clauses or phrases.
"Thus"- Adverb of reasons derived from the pronoun "The" --> This CANNOT be used alone to join two sentences.
" So" - Now this is slightly controversial. Technically this is a "conjunctive adverb" but broadly considered a conjunction when joining two sentences.

Thus vs So :

He thus left school --> This is correct. ; He so left school --> This is incorrect
He: subject
left: verb
School: object

2. Two independent clauses with a common subject.

Now generally when two clauses have the same subject, we avoid using a "comma" while joining the two.

I study in the morning , and i play in the evening --> incorrect

Common subject: " I"
correct version: I study in the morning and play in the evening --> We dont even need to repeat the subject.

Now let us look at the question:

Common Subject: The type of behavior.


Options:

A. Lacks a conjunction.
B. " , and so" : even though there are redundant conjunctions "and " & "so", the makes are not testing this knowledge. They have made another mistake in the sentence : " best to be studied" is just wordy and awkward.
C. Lacks a conjunction.
D. Correctly places a conjunction, removes the comma and doesn't repeat the subject. --> Very concise construction.
E. "the" before "theory of mind" places extra emphasis which we are not sure is necessary or not. They have repeated the subject using the pronoun " it" in the second clause which can be avoided. "and" & "so" are redundant together. " To be" at the end is again awkward and wordy.

Let me know if this helped! :)

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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 02:56
D is Correct - 'And' introduces the second clause, which uses the concise wording best studied.
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 09:34
AbdurRakib wrote:
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)

The answer is D
We need conjunction between two verbs and of after theory
So only D has proper meaning
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 13:48
vishakhagoel33@gmail.com wrote:

i understand how the answer is d
but what i am not able to understand is that two independent clauses are to be separated by a semi colon or a common with a conjunction which is not the case in (d).

where am i wrong ?



Hello vishakhagoel33@gmail.com,

My guess is that since you saw the word thus in the sentence, you expected to see an independent clause after this word. Hence, the confusion why and is not preceded by a comma to make the "thus" part of the sentence independent clause.

However, that is not the case with this official sentence. So the takeaway point for you here is that it not necessary that thus will be followed by an independent clause.

It can be used with a verb to present the result of another verb/action.

If I misunderstood your question, please feel free to correct me and explain a bit more as to what is your confusion with the correct answer choice.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 16:40
hi mikemcgarry egmat

Can you please explain B/E in terms of wordiness and pronoun ambiguity, if any.
Why is phrase to be studied considered awkward in (B)

WR,
Arpit
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 22:26
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best - run-on sentence - we need a coordinating conjunction
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be - usage of to be in unnecessary
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best - run-on sentence - we need a coordinating conjunction
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best - Correct
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be- usage of to be in unnecessary

Answer D
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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 00:58
AbdurRakib wrote:
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
A. of “theory of mind,” thus is best
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
C. of a “theory of mind,” thus it is best
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be

Please explain

OG Verbal 2017 New Question(Book Question: 296)



look at choice E.
"it" is not needed. if we insert it/pronoun as subject of the previous clause, not only the pronoun makes redundency, it also makes meaning error. the meaning error is that "it" can refer to a noun different from subject of the main clause.

Jone is good and he is also smart.

it is possible that he is different from Jone.

am i correct?

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Re: The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 11:52
adkikani wrote:
hi mikemcgarry egmat

Can you please explain B/E in terms of wordiness and pronoun ambiguity, if any.
Why is phrase to be studied considered awkward in (B)

WR,
Arpit

Dear Arpit adkikani,

How are you, my friend? I'm happy to respond. :-)

Here's the original sentence with (B) & (E) as well as the OA, (D):
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind,” thus is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.
B. “theory of mind,” and so is best to be
D. of “theory of mind” and thus is best
E. of the “theory of mind,” and so it is best to be


First of all, there is zero pronoun ambiguity. Pronouns are 100% fine in this problem.

Think about if we split this into two sentences---something that is not an option on the GMAT SC, but often a choice that a real world writer would make.
The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a mirror comes within the domain of “theory of mind.”
Thus, this type of behavior is best studied as part of the field of animal cognition.

That second sentence is elegant and well-spoken.

Consider this change.
Thus, this type of behavior is best to be studied as part of the field of animal cognition
That's awkward. The structure is to be [past participle] is a relatively infrequent formal structure indicating a kind of philosophical necessity.
Harmonious relationships with all are to be cultivated in human life.
The structure, which fits in that sentence, has a ring of dogmatic authority, as if both Plato and Aristotle are assuring us that this is true. This might be fine for some grand sweeping philosophical statements, but for what amounts to a practice recommendation about a particular scientific field, this grammatical structure sounds 100% out of place.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2017, 14:06
thangvietnam wrote:

look at choice E.
"it" is not needed. if we insert it/pronoun as subject of the previous clause, not only the pronoun makes redundency, it also makes meaning error. the meaning error is that "it" can refer to a noun different from subject of the main clause.

Jone is good and he is also smart.

it is possible that he is different from Jone.

am i correct?



Hello thangvietnam,

I will glad to help you with this one. :-)

IMHO, the meaning error that you are talking about with the usage of it in Choice E does not stand. It is so because the the later part of the sentence uses the word so that establishes the relationship of the this part with the rest of the sentence.

Jone is good and he is also smart.

In the above-mentioned sentence too, there is no meaning issue because there is only one person mentioned in the sentence - Jone. Hence, the pronoun he will refer to Jone only.

But yes, we do have a structural problem in Choice E. The two independent clauses are not connected properly.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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The type of behavior exhibited when an animal recognizes itself in a m   [#permalink] 24 Aug 2017, 14:06
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