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# The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant,

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Senior Manager
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The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2014, 13:45
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:19) correct 37% (01:30) wrong based on 634 sessions

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The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, returned to the sea some 50 million years ago. These thousand-pound herbivores inhabit the warm coastal waters where Americans like to play. Despite conservation efforts, criminal penalties for harming these creatures, and an overabundance of SAVE THE MANATEE! bumper stickers, none of these animals can be considered safe.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the argument above?

A) Last year, several manatees were mysteriously killed by an unidentified toxin.
B) All manatees swim at depths that make them vulnerable to the blades of motorboat engines.
C) Most tourists are unaware of the ongoing efforts to save the manatee.
D) The population of manatees in the wild has dwindled to fewer than 2,500 animals.
E) Although dozens of manatee deaths are documented each year, many more deaths go unreported.

I found the expression of the answer choice too strong..

OE:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
Choice B: This choice explicitly states that all manatees put themselves in harm’s way by swimming at depths that make them vulnerable to the blades of motorboat engines.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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19 Mar 2014, 14:17
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The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, returned to the sea some 50 million years ago. These thousand-pound herbivores inhabit the warm coastal waters where Americans like to play. Despite conservation efforts, criminal penalties for harming these creatures, and an overabundance of SAVE THE MANATEE! bumper stickers, none of these animals can be considered safe.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the argument above?

A) Last year, several manatees were mysteriously killed by an unidentified toxin.
B) All manatees swim at depths that make them vulnerable to the blades of motorboat engines.
C) Most tourists are unaware of the ongoing efforts to save the manatee.
D) The population of manatees in the wild has dwindled to fewer than 2,500 animals.
E) Although dozens of manatee deaths are documented each year, many more deaths go unreported.

B it is

Criminal Penalties,Conservation efforts,SAVE them stickers...Although Enough is being done through awareness, the animals are still not safe.So something not to do with lack of awareness etc.

A- Just because of a separate incidence you cannot conclude that they are unsafe.We cannot say that this will occur again & hence the Manatees are unsafe...Rejected
B- Lives Near Coastal Water where US ppl play--> Swim at boat level--> Although people aware they harm them unconsciously--> Can be a probable answer
C- Tourists are unaware.But how does it matter.Nothing about them hurting the manatees or about tourists frequently visiting the coasts is mentioned in the argument...Rejected
D- Number- Irrelevant-What if there are 100000000 manatees..Rejected
E- Deaths go unreported- We don't know the cause of the death- Is it natural or man made- Rejected
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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2014, 10:26
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JusTLucK04 wrote:
The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, returned to the sea some 50 million years ago. These thousand-pound herbivores inhabit the warm coastal waters where Americans like to play. Despite conservation efforts, criminal penalties for harming these creatures, and an overabundance of SAVE THE MANATEE! bumper stickers, none of these animals can be considered safe.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the argument above?

A) Last year, several manatees were mysteriously killed by an unidentified toxin.
B) All manatees swim at depths that make them vulnerable to the blades of motorboat engines.
C) Most tourists are unaware of the ongoing efforts to save the manatee.
D) The population of manatees in the wild has dwindled to fewer than 2,500 animals.
E) Although dozens of manatee deaths are documented each year, many more deaths go unreported.

B it is

Criminal Penalties,Conservation efforts,SAVE them stickers...Although Enough is being done through awareness, the animals are still not safe.So something not to do with lack of awareness etc.

A- Just because of a separate incidence you cannot conclude that they are unsafe.We cannot say that this will occur again & hence the Manatees are unsafe...Rejected
B- Lives Near Coastal Water where US ppl play--> Swim at boat level--> Although people aware they harm them unconsciously--> Can be a probable answer
C- Tourists are unaware.But how does it matter.Nothing about them hurting the manatees or about tourists frequently visiting the coasts is mentioned in the argument...Rejected
D- Number- Irrelevant-What if there are 100000000 manatees..Rejected
E- Deaths go unreported- We don't know the cause of the death- Is it natural or man made- Rejected

B for me too although it's really more that there was nothing better....
No one said that there are even boats in that area....
So, if not, this argument would be irrelevant.
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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2015, 06:30
How could something so irrelevant to the argument serve as a strengthener.

"Despite conservation efforts, criminal penalties for harming these creatures" rules out the probability that motorboats can harm Manatees as extra care will be taken to protect them.

But option A gives a fair enough reason to strengthen argument
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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2015, 09:13
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Satyarath wrote:
How could something so irrelevant to the argument serve as a strengthener.

"Despite conservation efforts, criminal penalties for harming these creatures" rules out the probability that motorboats can harm Manatees as extra care will be taken to protect them.

But option A gives a fair enough reason to strengthen argument

Satyarath, I answered "A" as well. I think you and I made the assumption that because there is more campaigns around their safety, that boaters will undoubtedly have had to taken measures to be safer, so we can in effect rule out "B".

I think it more has something to do with the fact that the question states that "none" of these animals can be considered safe in the conclusion. If a few get a rare disease, that doesn't mean that none are safe. Those few/several could have been a unique subset in a secluded environment. But if all mantetees swim at boat level near propellers, then none can be considered safe due to risk of injury from boat propellers.
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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2015, 20:46
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Expert's post
This question always generates a lot of confusion and, as posted above, it absolutely comes down to that word NONE. Since we need a statement that impacts all manatees, only B works.

KW

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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2015, 06:37
I went with B based on the reasoning that it is the animal's fault (with all due respect) that results in its demise even though people are concerned about it. It is as if the animal invites its own death. Is this correct?
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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2015, 23:31
Answer choice A says that some manatees died from the toxin. I cannot logically conclude from that that ALL manatees are at risk. I just don't know that. It may be that only some are susceptible to the toxin.

On the other hand, if every single manatee is at risk of getting run over by a boat, then ALL manatees are at risk.
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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2017, 11:51
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Charlesalex wrote:
Satyarath wrote:
How could something so irrelevant to the argument serve as a strengthener.

"Despite conservation efforts, criminal penalties for harming these creatures" rules out the probability that motorboats can harm Manatees as extra care will be taken to protect them.

But option A gives a fair enough reason to strengthen argument

Satyarath, I answered "A" as well. I think you and I made the assumption that because there is more campaigns around their safety, that boaters will undoubtedly have had to taken measures to be safer, so we can in effect rule out "B".

I think it more has something to do with the fact that the question states that "none" of these animals can be considered safe in the conclusion. If a few get a rare disease, that doesn't mean that none are safe. Those few/several could have been a unique subset in a secluded environment. But if all mantetees swim at boat level near propellers, then none can be considered safe due to risk of injury from boat propellers.

A does not talk about all the manatees here. Several are killed because of chemicals. how many? Example: There were 1000 manatees. 100 were killed because of chemicals. 200 manatees were born. after 1 year number is 1100. The number has increased! A is wrong. B is the answer
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Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant, [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2018, 10:26
After I reread the argument quickly 3 times, I realize that only the last sentence is what the test really wants to ask.
Then, after I read all option choices, only the main idea of B can somehow relates to the argument, (or the weaknesses of the fish.)
Re: The West Indian manatee, a distant relative of the elephant,   [#permalink] 18 Mar 2018, 10:26
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