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Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate

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Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging work, from package designs and company logotypes to signs, book jackets, computer graphics, and film titles.

(A) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging
(B) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of
(C) suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a widely ranging
(D) have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of
(E) have suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging


Thank you for your help!

Dear readers,
Can somebody support me to understand why "has come to signify" is NOT "present perfect tense"?

In the explanation page of OG, it is said that "The present perfect tense is used inappropriately in Choice C(has signified), D(have suggested....has signified), and E(have suggested) to indicate recently completed rather than ongoing action".

However, I see "present perfect tense" in the right answer, Choice B(has come to signify), don't I ?

Originally posted by Taku on 13 Feb 2005, 02:05.
Last edited by Bunuel on 03 Jun 2019, 10:12, edited 6 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2012, 09:20
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agdimple333 wrote:
saxenashobhit wrote:
I agree with B. "Graphic Design" is singular and so we need it has. wide ranging is correct.

I am not clear on use of suggest in all sentences. Isn't "suggest" a plural verb which is incorrect for "graphic design".


i have the same Question, about 'suggest' - will someone who knows, explain it?


Hi there,

Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging work, from package designs and company logotypes to signs, book jackets, computer graphics, and film titles.

Notice the word "may" before "suggest" that fall in the non-underlined portion of the sentence. With "may", "can", "will", we can only use "plural" verb. Hence, even if "term" is singular, because of presence of "may" the verb followed by it must be a plural verb. Hence, option E can be eliminated right away on this basis as use of singular "has" is incorrect after "may".

Here is the detailed solution of this question:

Image

Marker though suggests the sentence presents a contrast. “Graphic design” may be thought of as designing corporate brochures and annual reports. However, it encompasses a wide range of work including package design, company logotypes, signs, book jackets, computer graphics and film titles.

Image

• Pronoun error – plural “they” is a wrong referent for singular “term”.

POE:

Choice A: suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

Choice B: suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of: Correct.

Choice C: suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a widely ranging: Incorrect.
a. Per the intended meaning, this term has come to signify or has evolved to signify all scopes of graphic design.
i. Intended meaning – Although term was meant to do X, it has now evolved to do A,B,C
b. Meaning per choice C – Although term was meant to describe X, it does A,B,C.
c. For example:
i. Per Choice A - Although Mark Z originally created facebook to communicate with his friends, it has evolved as the preferred medium for people worldwide to share their viewpoints.
ii. Per Choice D - Although Mark Z may have created facebook to communicate with his friends, it is the preferred medium for people worldwide to share their viewpoints.
d. Meaning has been changed by changing “has come to do X” to “does X”. This removes the intended meaning of “evolution”.

Choice D: have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of: Incorrect. Similar meaning distortion error as in Choice C.

Choice E: has suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging: Incorrect. Use of singular "has" is incorrect after "may". Plural “they” is a wrong referent for singular “term”.

PS: This question is in OG Verbal Review 2 and answer choice E reads "have suggested..." unlike the answer choice E written by the original poster that reads "has suggested...".

Image

1. Pronouns must agree in number with their antecedents.
2. The correct answer should communicate the intended meaning.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2005, 14:01
2
Taku wrote:
Dear readers,
Can somebody support me to understand why "has come to signify" is NOT "present perfect tense"?

In the explanation page of OG, it is said that "The present perfect tense is used inappropriately in Choice C(has signified), D(have suggested....has signified), and E(have suggested) to indicate recently completed rather than ongoing action".

However, I see "present perfect tense" in the right answer, Choice B(has come to signify), don't I ?

OG SC #77
----------------------------------
Though the term graphic design may "suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging" work, from package designs and company logotypes to signs, book jackets, computor graphics and film titles.

(A) : same as above
(B) : suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of
(C) : suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified widely ranging
(D) : have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of
(E) : have suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging



You are partly misunderstanding the OG explanation. "Has come to signify" is indeed present perfect tense, you're right about that, so I see your confusion. But this OG explanation is not saying that it's incorrect to use present perfect in the sentence. It's saying the particular usages in choices C, D, & E are incorrect.

Key here is that there is a big qualitative difference between the phrases "has come to signify" and merely "has signified".

They both show a completed action. But in the first, the completed action is the "coming" (snicker). The act of coming is complete, with the result that the state of signifying now prevails.

If you say "Bob has come to my house", then Bob is still be at your house, even though the action of coming is completed, right? If you say "X has come to signify", then X still signifies.

But the present perfect verb "has signified" implies that the process of signifying is complete, and the subject no longer signifies what it once did. That is not appropriate for what this GMAT question is saying.

That is why C & D are wrong. D & E also are wrong in that the correct present tense suggest is inappropriately flipped to the present perfect "have suggested", which changes meaning.

Bottom line, (B) accurately uses present perfect.
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2005, 19:54
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I agree with B. "Graphic Design" is singular and so we need it has. wide ranging is correct.

I am not clear on use of suggest in all sentences. Isn't "suggest" a plural verb which is incorrect for "graphic design".
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 07 May 2012, 09:49
2
saxenashobhit wrote:
I agree with B. "Graphic Design" is singular and so we need it has. wide ranging is correct.

I am not clear on use of suggest in all sentences. Isn't "suggest" a plural verb which is incorrect for "graphic design".


i have the same Question, about 'suggest' - will someone who knows, explain it?

Originally posted by agdimple333 on 07 May 2012, 08:52.
Last edited by dvinoth86 on 07 May 2012, 09:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2012, 11:02
Though the term “graphic design” may suggest laying out corporate brochures andannual reports, they havecome to signify widely ranging work, from packagedesigns and company logotypes tosigns, book jackets, computer graphics, and film titles.

(A) suggest laying out corporate brochures andannual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging they vs. term - Subject verb agreememnt
(B) suggest laying outcorporate brochures andannual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of correct
(C) suggest corporate brochure and annual reportlayout, it has signified widely ranging tense error
(D) have suggested corporate brochure and annualreport layout, it has signified a wide range of may have suggested - wonky - should be might for simple past
(E) have suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come tosignify widely ranging same as D

it is true that it does sound wordy. but it is best of the choices given.
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2013, 16:42
(A) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging "they" pronoun error; "widely ranging" is awkward and redundant

(B) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of OK but a better sentence could exist

(C) suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a widely ranging - brochure seems separate from layout, so there is a definite change of meaning; "widely ranging" is awkward and redundant

(D) have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of Verb tenses "have" and "has" signify that actions occurred in the past but effects are still present, changing the meaning of the sentence. It´s also not clear which action occurred first

(E) has suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging "they" is pronoun error; "widely ranging" is awkward and redundant
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2013, 19:22
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My answer is B..

They is plural so it cannot be used. A and E are out.

C,D refer to the layout..Laying out corporate brochers is different from Corporate brochure and report layout.They both have different meanings.Layout out refers to planning and construction.Brochure layout refers to the format of the brochure
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2013, 05:29
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Hang Tuah wrote:
Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging work, from package designs and company logotypes to signs, book jackets, computer graphics, and film titles.

(A) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging
(B) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of
(C) suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a widely ranging
(D) have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of
(E) has suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging


Answer choice E is : have suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports. they have come to signify
widely ranging

"Hang Tuah" needs to correct his post
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2017, 09:12
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Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging work, from package designs and company logotypes to signs, book jackets, computer graphics, and film titles.

Issues: Verb form | Pronoun reference

Analysis:
1. The pronoun referring to the term should be singular. Hence "it" is the correct pronoun to use.
2. "widely ranging" is illogical in the context of this sentence.


(A) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging
- See analysis

(B) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of

(C) suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a widely ranging
- "A term may suggest [NOUN]" does not appear correct (can someone help me confirm this one?). Idiomatically it should be "A term may suggest ACTION"

(D) have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of
- "A term may suggest [NOUN]" does not appear correct (can someone help me confirm this one?). Idiomatically it should be "A term may suggest ACTION"
- "has signified" is the incorrect form and distorts meaning.


(E) have suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging
- See analysis


Answer: (B)
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 27 May 2017, 20:16
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Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging work, from package designs and company logotypes to signs, book jackets, computer graphics, and film titles.

(A) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging
(B) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of
(C) suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a widely ranging
(D) have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of
(E) have suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2018, 10:45
Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging work, from package designs and company logotypes to signs, book jackets, computer graphics, and film titles.

(A) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging
"Graphic design" needs singular pronoun "it".
(B) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of
The correct answer.
(C) suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a widely ranging
"GD" has come to signify and it is incorrect to say that it has already signified.
(D) have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of
Like C, D has the same problem.
(E) have suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging
"Graphic design" needs singular pronoun "it".
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 23:14
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agdimple333 wrote:
saxenashobhit wrote:
I agree with B. "Graphic Design" is singular and so we need it has. wide ranging is correct.

I am not clear on use of suggest in all sentences. Isn't "suggest" a plural verb which is incorrect for "graphic design".


i have the same Question, about 'suggest' - will someone who knows, explain it?


Posted from my mobile device






Because of 'may' it is correct to use suggest and not suggests. 'May' is a helping verb here.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2018, 00:01
Taku wrote:
Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging work, from package designs and company logotypes to signs, book jackets, computer graphics, and film titles.


(A) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging

(B) suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, it has come to signify a wide range of

(C) suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a widely ranging

(D) have suggested corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has signified a wide range of

(E) have suggested laying out corporate brochures and annual reports, they have come to signify widely ranging


"The term" is singular, So we need singular pronoun "it". Therefore, A and E are out.

C and D are using "suggest" and "has signified" at place of "may suggest" and "has come to signify" respectively. This changes the intended meaning of the sentence.

B is correct.

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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2018, 09:47
Please can anyone advise why suggests is not being used with graphic design ?
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2019, 21:22
proabhinav wrote:
Please can anyone advise why suggests is not being used with graphic design ?

Because the sentence uses the construct may suggest.

may suggests is incorrect in all cases.
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2019, 10:18
My only concern between B) and C) is the way layout has been used.
B says -
The term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports.
This choice makes me feel that graphic design is suggesting the action of laying out instead of the noun phrase - brochure layout which feels more appropriate.

Isn't this a better usage - Though the term "graphic design" may suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has come to signify a wide range of....
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2019, 19:02
adityabhide7 wrote:
My only concern between B) and C) is the way layout has been used.
B says -
The term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate brochures and annual reports.
This choice makes me feel that graphic design is suggesting the action of laying out instead of the noun phrase - brochure layout which feels more appropriate.

Isn't this a better usage - Though the term "graphic design" may suggest corporate brochure and annual report layout, it has come to signify a wide range of....
This is just a different meaning of suggest. Suggest here means "to bring to mind".

Here is a more accurate look at suggest (1b).
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Re: Though the term "graphic design" may suggest laying out corporate  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2019, 02:14
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"The layout/laying out of a brochure or annual report" is a possessive phrase whereas brochure and annual reports layout is not a possessive phrase. If we want to say the second phrase in the possessive case, then it will be "brochures" or "annual reports'" layout or laying out; this is rather clumsy.

Mostly we use the "apostrophe" possessive when we refer to human beings while we refer the 'of' prepositional possessive to those other than humans. This is more of a custom rather than of any rule.
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Re: Original sentence: Though the term "graphic  [#permalink]

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Re: Original sentence: Though the term "graphic   [#permalink] 03 Jun 2019, 10:12
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