MSoS wrote:
Hi, would someone please so kind and explain the question:
Three grades of milk are 1 percent, 2 percent, and 3 percent fat by volume. If x gallons of the q percent grade, y gallons of the 2 percent grade, and z gallons of the 3 percent grade are mixed to give x + y + z gallons of a 1.5 percent grade, what is x in terms of y and z?
(a) y + 3z
(b) (y+z)/4
(c) 2y +3z
(d) 3y + z
(e) 3y + 4.5z
Thanks a lot...
A quick approach:
The question asks you for x in terms of y and z. Whatever values x, y and z can take, this relation should hold.
Since we mix 1%, 2% and 3% milk and get 1.5% milk, one way of mixing them could be that 1% and 2% are mixed in equal quantities (to give 1.5% milk) and 3% milk is not added at all. Which means x = 1, y = 1 and z = 0 should satisfy the relation between x, y and z.
The only relation that satisfies these values is (A).
Note: If multiple options satisfied these values, you could take another set of values e.g. x = 3, y = 0 and z = 1 and check out of the shortlisted options.
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Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
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