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Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people

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Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2020, 00:57
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Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people who win the national lottery to share their good fortune with their neighbors. When people living in rural areas win the lottery they invariably throw elaborate neighborhood feasts, often wiping out all of their lottery winnings. However, in the cities, lottery winners frequently use their winnings for their own personal investment rather than sharing their good fortune with their neighbors.

Which one of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the difference between the behavior of lottery winners in rural areas and those in cities?


(A) Twice as many Popoyans live in rural areas as live in the city.

(B) Popoyan city dwellers tend to buy several lottery tickets at a time, but they buy tickets less frequently than do rural dwellers.

(C) Lottery winners in rural areas are notified of winning by public posting of lists of winners, but notification in the city is by private mail.

(D) Families in rural areas in the Popoyas may contain twelve or fourteen people, but city families average six or seven.

(E) Twice as many lottery tickets are sold in rural areas as are sold in the city.

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Re: Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2020, 10:37
Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people who win the national lottery to share their good fortune with their neighbors. When people living in rural areas win the lottery they invariably throw elaborate neighborhood feasts, often wiping out all of their lottery winnings. However, in the cities, lottery winners frequently use their winnings for their own personal investment rather than sharing their good fortune with their neighbors.

Which one of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the difference between the behavior of lottery winners in rural areas and those in cities?

(A) Twice as many Popoyans live in rural areas as live in the city.

(B) Popoyan city dwellers tend to buy several lottery tickets at a time, but they buy tickets less frequently than do rural dwellers.

(C) Lottery winners in rural areas are notified of winning by public posting of lists of winners, but notification in the city is by private mail.

(D) Families in rural areas in the Popoyas may contain twelve or fourteen people, but city families average six or seven.

(E) Twice as many lottery tickets are sold in rural areas as are sold in the city.

Only B and D somewhat relate to behavioral aspect of Popoyans. B, however, is not about it might have affected the behavior or Popoyans.

IMO Answer D.
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Re: Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2020, 19:37
Given argument talks about different attitude of a community in rural area and people of a city for sharing the winning value of lottery. Rulers organize a feast with neighbors but city person spends his windfall winning over himself or his own family.
This difference in attitude can be explained by the way winners are announced. In rural area, winners are promulgated in public whereas in cities, the winners get private mails. Therefore, it becomes forced social obligation for rural person to share the money as feast with neighbors but city person escapes from such situations.

B goes with my views. B is answer.
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Re: Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2020, 05:43
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Ans C

Prethinking gives three directions : 1.) Requirement in rural areas more .. Poor people 2.) the public display in rural area 3.) Rural community is more closely knit


Only C satisfies above condition





(A) Twice as many Popoyans live in rural areas as live in the city.

(B) Popoyan city dwellers tend to buy several lottery tickets at a time, but they buy tickets less frequently than do rural dwellers.


(C) Lottery winners in rural areas are notified of winning by public posting of lists of winners, but notification in the city is by private mail.

(D) Families in rural areas in the Popoyas may contain twelve or fourteen people, but city families average six or seven.

(E) Twice as many lottery tickets are sold in rural areas as are sold in the city.
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Re: Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2020, 06:23
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First step is to read the question stem before the stimulus to understand what is being asked of us

Which one of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the difference between the behavior of lottery winners in rural areas and those in cities?

Although the question is wordy, upon further reading the meaning becomes quite straightforward and clear. It is asking us which choice best explains the difference in behavior b/w city dwellers and rural people when they win the lottery.

Second step is to read the stimulus and understand what it says

The stimulus is pretty precise in its description of the ways in which different people behave when they win the lottery.

Final step is to look at the answer choice and find the most suitable choice that explains this discrepancy in behavior. Using POE is key.

(A) Twice as many Popoyans live in rural areas as live in the city.

This answer choice tells us that there more people in rural areas than cities. Irrelevant information in finding out why people behave differently.

(B) Popoyan city dwellers tend to buy several lottery tickets at a time, but they buy tickets less frequently than do rural dwellers.


City dwellers buy more tickets at once. So? They even buy them less frequently. This could even out the difference in amount of tickets purchased. However, this information is still irrelevant.

(C) Lottery winners in rural areas are notified of winning by public posting of lists of winners, but notification in the city is by private mail.

Okay so the winners in rural areas are announced in public but in cities the winners are told of their victory via private mail. This means that city dwellers can keep the info to themselves. Now at the start of stimulus we have- "Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people who win the national lottery to share their good fortune with their neighbors". This means if the city winners were also announced publicly, even they might have to throw lavish feasts coz of societal pressure and hence wouldn't be able to invest. So this mode of announcement could be the reason people behave differently! keep C

(D) Families in rural areas in the Popoyas may contain twelve or fourteen people, but city families average six or seven.

The number of people in families doesn't really explain anything. Irrelevant.

(E) Twice as many lottery tickets are sold in rural areas as are sold in the city.

Okay, so? Maybe lotteries are popular in rural areas, would that justify the parties thrown instead of investing? Or is the unpopularity of lotteries in cities the reason why lottery winners invest? This choice doesn't answer any questions. Therefore Eliminate.

Answer is C
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Re: Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2020, 07:00
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(A) Twice as many Popoyans live in rural areas as live in the city.

Incorrect - Relative proportion of people living in rural areas vis-a-vis city have no bearing. Also the passage doesn't provide any quantitative marker (eg: most in villages or few in towns etc etc).

(B) Popoyan city dwellers tend to buy several lottery tickets at a time, but they buy tickets less frequently than do rural dwellers.

Incorrect - This does not contribute to explaining the different behaviour of lottery winners in rural areas vis-a-vis city areas.

(C) Lottery winners in rural areas are notified of winning by public posting of lists of winners, but notification in the city is by private mail.

Correct - Well this explains the differing behaviour since it is likely that winners in rural areas are known to everyone and hence societal pressure maybe greater on them vis-a-vis winners in city who are notified privately.

(D) Families in rural areas in the Popoyas may contain twelve or fourteen people, but city families average six or seven.

Incorrect - Has nothing to do or does not contribute in any manner to explain why winners in city and rural areas behave differently.

(E) Twice as many lottery tickets are sold in rural areas as are sold in the city.

Incorrect - Completely irrelevant.
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Re: Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2020, 23:49
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Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people who win the national lottery to share their good fortune with their neighbors. When people living in rural areas win the lottery they invariably throw elaborate neighborhood feasts, often wiping out all of their lottery winnings. However, in the cities, lottery winners frequently use their winnings for their own personal investment rather than sharing their good fortune with their neighbors.

Which one of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the difference between the behavior of lottery winners in rural areas and those in cities?

pressure can be exerted on winners if neighbors/ people know about it
(A) Twice as many Popoyans live in rural areas as live in the city. No impact

(B) Popoyan city dwellers tend to buy several lottery tickets at a time, but they buy tickets less frequently than do rural dwellers. No impac

(C) Lottery winners in rural areas are notified of winning by public posting of lists of winners, but notification in the city is by private mail. Correct : if people do ot know who won the lottery no one can exert pressure. Thus private mail will not let neighbors know and opposed in rural araes where neighbors know

(D) Families in rural areas in the Popoyas may contain twelve or fourteen people, but city families average six or seven. No impact

(E) Twice as many lottery tickets are sold in rural areas as are sold in the city. No impact
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Re: Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2020, 23:07
Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people who win the national lottery to share their good fortune with their neighbors. When people living in rural areas win the lottery they invariably throw elaborate neighborhood feasts, often wiping out all of their lottery winnings. However, in the cities, lottery winners frequently use their winnings for their own personal investment rather than sharing their good fortune with their neighbors.

Stimulus: states that throughout the popoya islands community pressure is exerted on people who win the lottery tickets to share the earnings of the lottery with their neighbors by throwing feasts. Most of the earnings in lottery foes in feast. In the cities the ones who win lottery use their money for themselves and do not share with neighbors.

Which one of the following, if true, contributes most to an explanation of the difference between the behavior of lottery winners in rural areas and those in cities?

IMO C: As the results of lottery in rural areas are announced in public the neighbors are aware of the earnings and so the family earning lottery is obliged to give them feast whereas in the city it is private and neighbors are not aware


(A) Twice as many Popoyans live in rural areas as live in the city.

(B) Popoyan city dwellers tend to buy several lottery tickets at a time, but they buy tickets less frequently than do rural dwellers.

(C) Lottery winners in rural areas are notified of winning by public posting of lists of winners, but notification in the city is by private mail.

(D) Families in rural areas in the Popoyas may contain twelve or fourteen people, but city families average six or seven.

(E) Twice as many lottery tickets are sold in rural areas as are sold in the city.
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Re: Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people   [#permalink] 29 Mar 2020, 23:07

Throughout the Popoya Islands community pressure is exerted on people

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