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Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not comi

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Re: Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not comi  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 23:46
mono wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2018

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 261

Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not coming from a landed family.

(A) Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not coming

(B) Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had had no prime ministers who have not come

(C) Until Disraeli in 1868, there were no prime ministers in Great Britain who have not come

(D) It was not until 1868 that Great Britain had a prime minister—Disraeli—who did not come

(E) It was only in 1868 and Disraeli that Great Britain had one of its prime ministers not coming


Took me longer than 1.5 mins to get to the bottom of this - I initially thought Disraeli was a place in GB lol...

My approach:
- 5 second scan: likely meaning and parallelism at play given the "and"

Irrespective of knowing that D is an ex GB Prime minister, "until 1868 and Disraeli" is clearly incorrect. It implies time is with the person? Eliminate A-B

C - implies there is potentially more than one prime minister in GB, just not one that came from a landed family. ELiminate. Also prime minister is singular. Have is plural - eliminate.
D- looks good - use of dashes can throw people off but it looks good irrespective.
E - Was it only in 1868? this changes the meaning completely plus "and D" is the same error I eliminated A-B for. Eliminate

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Re: Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not comi  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2018, 02:01
Just to add
Option D uses em dash for enclosing an appositive phrase
.... that GB had a prime minister - Disraeli - who didn't come .....

Now here em dash has been used to emphasize the name of PM {Until Mr. Disraeli became...something like} but still its usage is as a non-essential modifier and can be enclosed in commas.

As per MGMAT SC guide dash is a flexile punctuation and can be used as emphatic comma, semicolon, or colon. Its usage is more flexible than colon as dash can be used to restate or explain an earlier part of the sentence. Unlike the colon. the dash does not need to be immediately preceeded by the part needing explanation.


So, I enclose it in commas we can certainly see

.... that GB had a prime minister , Disraeli , who didn't come .....

that who is modifying Prime minister not Disraeli

R.
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Re: Until 1868 and Disraeli, Great Britain had no prime ministers not comi &nbs [#permalink] 18 Jan 2018, 02:01

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