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# Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that

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Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2009, 13:11
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Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers.

(A) the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
(C) were the unemployment rate four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
(D) if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
(E) there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers when there is an unemployment rate that is four per cent
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Retired Moderator
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Kudos [?]: 1040 [0], given: 157

Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2009, 13:57
I will appreciate if the answers are supported by explanations!

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2009, 17:10
IMO D

A- incorrect because "assumed...being " is awkward
B- the use of "should" and "is" violates tense agreement
C-"that were" is incorrect
D-
E- switching the order of the sentence changes the meaning of the statement

My best attempt at an explanation
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2009, 17:24
D.

A - odd with Being
B, C - Should and were with is incorrect
E - wordy and akward.

LEft with D
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2009, 17:26
assume that , - : economist are not sure, if they are right or wrong
so a condition statement should follow.
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2009, 01:10
(A) the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers

two clauses without a coordinator or subordinator result in a run-on sentence.

(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers

same as B.

(C) were the unemployment rate four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers

I guess that the sentence should read "where the unemployment ..." were does not make any sense. Anyway where would be wrong because it can only refer to places.

(D) if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers

I don't like the second part "there is a rough ...." but this is the best among the choices.

(E) there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers when there is an unemployment rate that is four per cent

when cannot impose conditions. It should be use only for references to a time.
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2009, 08:48
A, B and E -- wrong usage of among..between is needed...

now between C and D...

were does not make any sense after that in C(atleast to me)

Hence, only option left is D..
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2009, 09:20
Thanks to all for their valuable feedback

OA is "D".
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2009, 18:12
A - Run-on sentence.
B - "Should" refers to obligations, not conditionals.
C - "That were" does not sound right.
D - Correct.
E - "When" refers to time. It cannot function as a conditional.

It's worth noting that a conditional "if . . . then" statement does not need the "then" part. However, most people feel more comfortable when "then" is included.
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2009, 10:33
I would have mistaken. thank you guys
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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18 May 2010, 07:57
THe key is "among" vs "between"

BTW, for gmat, can "should" be used as "if" in a conditional clause?
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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18 May 2010, 11:57
yes, conditionals must use "if"..."when" references a time when something happened. When unemployment is 4% vs if unemployment is 4%

Plus you want to put the section of what exactly they are assuming immediately after that phrase "assumed"

It's not the outcome they are assuming, which is what E offers. It's the condition of 4% unemployment that is the "assumption" phrase
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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18 May 2010, 12:40
(A) the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
Among is used for more than three things

(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
Among is used for more than three things
(C) were the unemployment rate four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers

(D) if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
If is apt when there is conditional idea , which is the case here.

(E) there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers when there is an unemployment rate that is four per cent
wordy
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Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2010, 06:28
if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers

I am not satisfied with this sentence construction. If......is.... , "there will be" is the right construction. Isn't it??? "If i don't study, i will not pass".....sth like this...
Re: Brutal SC # 16: American economists   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2010, 06:28
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