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V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05

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V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:53
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The new approach to poetry that emerged between 1900 and 1920 sought to put aside the sentimentality and strict obedience to established forms that had characterized the Victorian poets of preceding decades. Many poets in both the United States and Europe had begun to experiment with free verse – poetry that does not adhere to set standards of rhyme or rhythm – and several magazines were founded in order to publish this “new poetry.” It was not until 1912, however, that the first real school of new poetry emerged from the chaos of experimentation .

With only a handful of adherents, but access to the editorial department of a key American literary magazine, Ezra Pound created and sustained Imagism by mere declaration. Pound, an American poet living in London, had at first open lines of communication with a small group of English poets who combined deep appreciation for Japanese verse forms, such as haiku, with experiments in free verse.

Although Pound was briefly aligned with this group, he soon found greater artistic affinity with Richard Aldington, a fledgling English poet, and Hilda Doolittle, who signed her poems “H.D.” One of H.D.’s first poems, “Hermes of the Ways,” so delighted Pound with its crystal clear images and lack of ornamentation that he assigned her the penname “H.D., Imagist” and sent the poem immediately to the U.S. for publication in the magazine Poetry, for which he was serving as foreign editor.

In a later issue of Poetry, Pound articulated the guiding principles of Imagism, stressing that poets should treat objects directly, use no words that do not contribute to the presentation, and write according to the rhythm of the words rather than an accepted poetic form. In addition to his work with literary periodicals, Pound also edited an anthology of Imagist poems in 1914. Ironically, however, his insistence that no explanation of the Imagist movement be offered in the anthology backfired; readers did not understand that Pound and his Imagists were experimenting with a new form of poetry, and many of the anthologies were returned to the publisher.
1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

(a) convince the reader of the significance of a literary figure
(b) explain the failure of an experimental type of poetry
(c) trace the development of a literary movement
(d) debate the merits of traditional forms of poetry
(e) introduce important contributors to a literary movement


2. EACH of the following is cited in the passage as a goal of Imagism EXCEPT

(a) Challenge accepted standards for poetry
(b) Promote new and talented poets
(c) Concentrate on objects over ornate speech
(d) Experiment with free verse
(e) Praise Japanese verse forms


3. The bolded passage most clearly implies which of the following about new poetry movements before 1912?

(a) Although many poets had begun to experiment independently with free verse, there were no clearly defined movements before Imagism.
(b) Movements adhered strictly to the established forms that had characterized Victorian poets.
(c) Although many poets had begun to experiment with free verse, none was successful enough to achieve lasting recognition.
(d) The sheer number of new poetry movements in the United States and Europe created chaos.
(e) Many movements founded magazines in which to publish their experiments with free verse.


4. Which of the following, if added to the end of the last paragraph, forms the best conclusion to the passage?

(a) Because of this misunderstanding, Imagism failed to gain the recognition as a valid literary movement that it needed to survive.
(b) Despite this setback, however, Pound’s articulation of the principles of Imagism had succeeded in presenting a viable alternative to traditional forms, and modern poetry set off in a new direction.
(c) Angered by this rejection, Pound adjusted his ambitions for Imagism and began encouraging fellow poets to write according to the rhythm of words, rather than accepted forms.
(d) On the other hand, even though most of the public did not understand the goals of Imagism, Pound’s anthology sold several thousand copies.
(e) Additionally, several readers wrote letters to the editors of the magazine criticizing Pound and the Imagists for slavishly imitating traditional poetic forms.


5. Which of the following is cited in the passage as a historical reason that Ezra Pound could play such a decisive role in the development of Imagism?

(a) He clearly defined the principles of Imagism in the pages of an influential literary magazine.
(b) He himself was a successful poet and was able to help others follow his lead.
(c) He was delighted by HD’s use of images and lack of ornamentation.
(d) He was the foreign editor for an important American poetry magazine.
(e) He capitalized on an emerging taste for free verse in the United States and Europe.


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Re: V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:54
Spoiler: :: Question V01-01 explanation
This question concerns the focus of the passage as a whole. The first paragraph provides background on Victorian and early twentieth century poetry and introduces Imagism as the first real school of new poetry. The remaining three paragraphs recount the sequence of events that introduced Imagism to the public through the influence of Ezra Pound. The author focuses on the contributors to and development of Imagism as a movement.
  1. Though the passage mentions several significant literary figures, this is not the main purpose of the passage as a whole.
  2. The passage does not state that Imagism failed as an experimental type of poetry.
  3. The dates cited by the passage, as well as the details of a step-by-step development, are intended to trace the development of Imagism.
  4. The merits of traditional forms of poetry are not mentioned in the passage.
  5. The passage mentions several literary figures, but this is not the primary purpose of the passage.
Spoiler: :: Question V01-02 explanation
This question requires the selection of the one item in the answer choices that is not explicitly cited in the passage as a goal of the Imagist movement.
  1. Imagism was part of the movement of new poetry that sought to put aside…strict obedience to established forms.
  2. Pound’s excitement over new poets Richard Aldington and HD prompted him to send HD’s poem for publication as promotion of a distinctly Imagist style, which is mentioned here.
  3. This answer choice combines two of Pound’s three guiding principles for Imagism: poets should treat objects directly and use no words that do not contribute to the presentation.
  4. Imagism was part of the larger trend of new poetry that had begun to experiment with free verse.
  5. Japanese verse forms are only mentioned here.
Spoiler: :: Question V01-03 explanation
To answer this question, review the context of the passage. The first paragraph describes an emerging desire in the early years of the twentieth century to break from poetic tradition. Poets began to work with free verse and, according to the passage, each poet’s different attempts to break with tradition resulted in the chaos of experimentation. In 1912, however, Imagism began to emerge as the first official movement of the new poetry.
  1. According to the passage, Imagism was the first clearly defined movement in new poetry.
  2. This is not true of new poetry, which, in general, sought to break from Victorian standards.
  3. Recognition of individual poets is not addressed in the passage.
  4. The chaos mentioned in the passage was caused by individual experimentation, not the number of movements.
  5. The founding of magazines and experimentation with free verse were simultaneous developments; the passage does not address whether movements founded magazines.
Spoiler: :: Question V01-04 explanation
The last sentence in the first paragraph makes it clear that the passage is mainly concerned with presenting Imagism as the first distinct school practicing “new poetry,” and the conclusion of the passage is likely to return to this idea. Additionally, the best conclusion to the paragraph will comment on the final idea in the original passage, specifically, that Imagism as a movement had to overcome the challenge of being misunderstood by many in the public.
  1. This directly contradicts the first paragraph, which states that Imagism did in fact gain recognition as a school of poetry.
  2. This option continues the line of reasoning in the final paragraph and returns to the passage’s main concern with Imagism as an important movement in the development of modern poetry.
  3. Pound insisted that poets write according to the rhythm of words before the anthology was published.
  4. On the other hand does not make sense as a transition, because the paragraph does not suggest a contrast between public understanding and sales.
  5. Traditional poetic forms were challenged by Imagism, not imitated.
Spoiler: :: Question V01-05 explanation
A specific line or lines detailing a historical reason for Pound’s role must be identified in order to answer this question correctly. The passage states here that Pound created and sustained Imagism by mere declaration. In other words, his advocacy of Imagism was responsible for its development. The correct answer choice will identify the factor that made such direct and powerful influence possible.
  1. Pound’s role in the development of Imagism began before he published its principles in Poetry magazine.
  2. Pound’s success as a poet is not directly addressed in the passage.
  3. Though this is true, it is not cited as a reason Pound’s role in the development of Imagism was so decisive.
  4. These lines state that, although Imagism originally had only a handful of adherents, Pound’s access to the editorial department of a key American literary magazine allowed him to exert great influence on the development of the movement.
  5. The passage states that a taste for free verse was emerging among poets, not necessarily the public.

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Re: V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2016, 21:58
I'm really concerned with this problem. When we're asked why such a person plays an important role, we always find the contribution, achievement of that person to prove that He/she did something important to the development of something. But in the answer of this question, it seems to mention "what conditions that enabled him to play such an important role" or "What help him play that role".

Can anyone explain?
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Re: V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2016, 11:20
gomax1199 wrote:
I'm really concerned with this problem. When we're asked why such a person plays an important role, we always find the contribution, achievement of that person to prove that He/she did something important to the development of something. But in the answer of this question, it seems to mention "what conditions that enabled him to play such an important role" or "What help him play that role".

Can anyone explain?


You have a point - the question is slightly modified to take care of this.
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Re: V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2016, 00:52
Please explain answer choice e in q2. Why "praise japan verse form" is correct here? Is it clearly states in the sentence "...deep appreciation for japan verse form..."? Thanks
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Re: V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2016, 10:22
ThangLe wrote:
Please explain answer choice e in q2. Why "praise japan verse form" is correct here? Is it clearly states in the sentence "...deep appreciation for japan verse form..."? Thanks


Praising Japanese verse form is stated in the passage, but not as a goal of Imagism.
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Re V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2017, 11:50
I don't agree with the explanation. The passage just mentions that he had access to the editorial department. Am i supposed to infer that he was a editor ?

Is answer choice A a better answer?
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V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2018, 13:43
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Quote:
Praising Japanese verse form is stated in the passage, but not as a goal of Imagism.


You can say the same thing about B: "Promote new and talented poets."

Not once is this stated in the passage as a goal of imagism. The explanation says:

Quote:
"Pound’s excitement over new poets Richard Aldington and HD prompted him to send HD’s poem for publication as promotion of a distinctly Imagist style, which is mentioned here."


His goal was to promote a distinctly Imagist style of poetry, not a new and talented poet.


Case 1: He is excited about Japanese verse form, because he can leverage it to promote Imagism
Case 2: He is excited about the new poets, because he can leverage their new style to promote Imagism
You have to jump through the same assumption hoops in both cases.
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Re: V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2018, 06:37
I have a doubt in question 4: "Which of the following, if added to the end of the last paragraph, forms the best conclusion to the passage? "

The explanation of Option A in the GMATClub test states that the answer goes against the idea presented in the first paragraph, which mentions that the movement eventually gained momentum. I did not get where in the first paragraph this idea is conveyed. Doesn't it just state that there was a movement which sought to create a new style of poetry? The first school setup was in 1912, and the rejection by the public (in the last paragraph) was in 1914. So it can also be concluded that the new approach did not sit well, and was rejected.

Can someone please explain this?
Thanks in advance!
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Re: V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2018, 01:46
elhudy wrote:
Quote:
Praising Japanese verse form is stated in the passage, but not as a goal of Imagism.


You can say the same thing about B: "Promote new and talented poets."

Not once is this stated in the passage as a goal of imagism. The explanation says:

Quote:
"Pound’s excitement over new poets Richard Aldington and HD prompted him to send HD’s poem for publication as promotion of a distinctly Imagist style, which is mentioned here."


His goal was to promote a distinctly Imagist style of poetry, not a new and talented poet.


Case 1: He is excited about Japanese verse form, because he can leverage it to promote Imagism
Case 2: He is excited about the new poets, because he can leverage their new style to promote Imagism
You have to jump through the same assumption hoops in both cases.


I do think that there is a very vague line in correctness between answer B and E. I personally picked B because it was not clearly stated that the purpose of publishing H.D, Imagist poem was to promote her as a poet rathen than to promote the poem in Imagist style. However, it is true that Japanese style was simply mentioned as a properties of a previous group that Pound worked with. Therefore, we could elimnate the option B on that ground.
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Re V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2018, 06:01
I think this is a poor-quality question and I don't agree with the explanation. Paragraph 2 states that " Ezra Pound created and sustained Imagism by mere *declaration* " This would support choice A which states that Ezra defined principles of Imagism in an influential literary magazine.
Choice E is weak and comes across as just one of the reasons that Ezra Pound could play such a decisive role in the development of Imagism.
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V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2018, 12:59
the question regarding "goals of imagism", or more specfiically, the answer choices and explanations given, are one of the poorest attempts at simulating a GMAT question that i've come across - i apologize if this comes off rude as i dont mean to offend.

but the connection drawn in the explanation for answer b) , the explanation that the sentence "one of H.D.’s first poems, “Hermes of the Ways,” so delighted Pound with its crystal clear images and lack of ornamentation that he assigned her the penname “H.D., Imagist” and sent the poem immediately to the U.S. for publication in the magazine Poetry" , infers that "Promot[ing] new and talented poets" was a goal of imagism is such a stretch that it would be an immediate incorrect answer on the GMAT.

perhaps it would be valid, were the question asking about, "the ways Pound promoted Imagism", or "what contributed to Pound's significance in the movement of the New Poetry", anything along these lines.

for this topic (goals of imagism), from Pound's "insistence that no explanation of the Imagist movement be offered in the anthology...", it would just as likely, if not more so that one of the goal's of Imagism was precisely NOT to promote talent but rather keep a low-profile, and meaningfully contribute to the New Poetry movement WITHOUT calling attention to the poets [promoting them].

This question honestly does more harm than good for students trying to get a feel for what the gmat tests. the gmat tests sound logic and inference, and specifically penalizes making inferences based on other inferences not included in the test. for answer choice b) to be plausibly implied as a "goal of imagery", several such outside inferences need to be made.

PLEASE REMOVE THIS QUESTION - its not just a bad question, but actually a detriment to students' learning.
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Re: V01-01, V01-02, V01-03, V01-04, V01-05  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 07:47
BrulesRules wrote:
the question regarding "goals of imagism", or more specfiically, the answer choices and explanations given, are one of the poorest attempts at simulating a GMAT question that i've come across - i apologize if this comes off rude as i dont mean to offend.

but the connection drawn in the explanation for answer b) , the explanation that the sentence "one of H.D.’s first poems, “Hermes of the Ways,” so delighted Pound with its crystal clear images and lack of ornamentation that he assigned her the penname “H.D., Imagist” and sent the poem immediately to the U.S. for publication in the magazine Poetry" , infers that "Promot[ing] new and talented poets" was a goal of imagism is such a stretch that it would be an immediate incorrect answer on the GMAT.

perhaps it would be valid, were the question asking about, "the ways Pound promoted Imagism", or "what contributed to Pound's significance in the movement of the New Poetry", anything along these lines.

for this topic (goals of imagism), from Pound's "insistence that no explanation of the Imagist movement be offered in the anthology...", it would just as likely, if not more so that one of the goal's of Imagism was precisely NOT to promote talent but rather keep a low-profile, and meaningfully contribute to the New Poetry movement WITHOUT calling attention to the poets [promoting them].

This question honestly does more harm than good for students trying to get a feel for what the gmat tests. the gmat tests sound logic and inference, and specifically penalizes making inferences based on other inferences not included in the test. for answer choice b) to be plausibly implied as a "goal of imagery", several such outside inferences need to be made.

PLEASE REMOVE THIS QUESTION - its not just a bad question, but actually a detriment to students' learning.




I agree with this explanation. For a test that relies on a relatively black and white approach to answering question, this question strays in a deep gray territory. The assumption is valid, and thus does make it a "goal" but under what conditions is it appropriate for students to stretch assumptions this far, and not do so for other questions?

The mention of Japanese verse forms does not relate to Imagism at all, and so surely would not matter if it were ever considered a goal or not?
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