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V02-12

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V02-12  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:56
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (00:44) correct 38% (00:45) wrong based on 95 sessions

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Because the time between the announcement of the program and its implementation was so short, many observers assumed that it had been hastily put together; in reality, however, it was based off of years of careful research.

A. in reality, however, it was based off of years of careful research.
B. in reality, however, it was based on careful years of research.
C. in reality, however, it was based on years of careful research.
D. however, in reality, it was based off of years of careful research.
E. however, in reality, its existence was actually based on years of careful research.

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 01:57
Official Solution:

Because the time between the announcement of the program and its implementation was so short, many observers assumed that it had been hastily put together; in reality, however, it was based off of years of careful research.

A. in reality, however, it was based off of years of careful research.
B. in reality, however, it was based on careful years of research.
C. in reality, however, it was based on years of careful research.
D. however, in reality, it was based off of years of careful research.
E. however, in reality, its existence was actually based on years of careful research.

The original sentence contains the incorrect prepositional phrase “based off of” to refer to the time spent researching a new program. The words however and in reality are correct in either order, but the prepositional phrase must be based on in order to be correct.
  1. Prepositional phrase based off of should be based on.
  2. Careful should modify the word research, not years.
  3. In this sentence, the prepositional phrase based on is used correctly, and careful correctly modifies research.
  4. Prepositional phrase based off of should be based on .
  5. Words its existence and actually are wordy and unnecessary.

Answer: C
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New post 26 Apr 2015, 01:47
What " it " is referring to in option C. I think" it" can not refer to program as it is possessive case...Please help
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New post 10 Oct 2015, 09:54
To the best of my memory, in one of the "Thursdays with Ron", Ron said that however must have a semi-colon before it.
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New post 04 Oct 2016, 06:18
Yes. I read it in MGMAT's SC book too just a few days ago.

Words like However, Therefore, usually follow a semi-colon and they have to be the first word of their clause.

Will a moderator/expert elaborate on this?
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New post 04 Oct 2016, 12:23
JohnM wrote:
Yes. I read it in MGMAT's SC book too just a few days ago.

Words like However, Therefore, usually follow a semi-colon and they have to be the first word of their clause.

Will a moderator/expert elaborate on this?


This is a misunderstanding - An independent clause, which follows another independent clause, may start with "however". In that case a semicolon comes before "however" - not because of the word "however", but because two independent clauses are separated. However, "however" may come in the middle of the independent clause as well. In that case there would not be a semicolon before " however".
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New post 11 Apr 2017, 19:57
Can someone explain the difference between "based off of" and "based on" ?
I don't really understand the difference and how to pick one over other
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New post 01 May 2017, 02:43
mbsingh wrote:
Can someone explain the difference between "based off of" and "based on" ?
I don't really understand the difference and how to pick one over other


"Based off of" is not a valid idiom. Though it may be used by some native speakers colloquially, it is grammatically wrong altogether.
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New post 27 Aug 2017, 23:14
Dear Expert,

Please explain the correct placement of "However" in the official answer choice.

Because the time between the announcement of the program and its implementation was so short, many observers assumed that it had been hastily put together; in reality, however, it was based off of years of careful research.

C. in reality, however, it was based on years of careful research.

E. however, in reality, its existence was actually based on years of careful research.

I can see that option E is wordy, but only choice that match correct use of Idiom.

The sentence starts with reasoning "Because"....., So the next clause which is contrasting must be started with "However"...
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V02-12   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2017, 23:14
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