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# V11-21

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Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4351
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

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26 Dec 2015, 10:02
2
1
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:22) correct 34% (01:00) wrong based on 80 sessions

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Although the Ottoman Turks under the leadership of Suleiman II took control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, their unsuccessful siege of Vienna in 1529 marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, which stopped the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensuring that the Christian rather than the Muslim religion and culture would dominate the region.

A. under the leadership of Suleiman II took control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, their unsuccessful siege of Vienna in 1529 marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, which stopped the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensuring
B. led by Suleiman II took control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, they were unsuccessful to siege Vienna in 1529, and it marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopping the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensuring
C. under the leadership of Suleiman II had taken control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, their unsuccessful siege of Vienna in 1529 marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopping the advance of Islam into central and western Europe and ensuring
D. who were led by Suleiman II, had taken control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, they have been unsuccessful in sieging Vienna in 1529, marking the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopping the advance of Islam into central and western Europe and ensuring
E. led by Suleiman II had taken control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, they unsuccessfully sieged Vienna in 1529, marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopped the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensured

_________________
Current Student
Joined: 19 Mar 2012
Posts: 4351
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Marketing (Non-Profit and Government)

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26 Dec 2015, 10:02
Official Solution:

Although the Ottoman Turks under the leadership of Suleiman II took control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, their unsuccessful siege of Vienna in 1529 marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, which stopped the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensuring that the Christian rather than the Muslim religion and culture would dominate the region.

A. under the leadership of Suleiman II took control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, their unsuccessful siege of Vienna in 1529 marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, which stopped the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensuring
B. led by Suleiman II took control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, they were unsuccessful to siege Vienna in 1529, and it marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopping the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensuring
C. under the leadership of Suleiman II had taken control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, their unsuccessful siege of Vienna in 1529 marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopping the advance of Islam into central and western Europe and ensuring
D. who were led by Suleiman II, had taken control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, they have been unsuccessful in sieging Vienna in 1529, marking the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopping the advance of Islam into central and western Europe and ensuring
E. led by Suleiman II had taken control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, they unsuccessfully sieged Vienna in 1529, marked the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopped the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensured

A. If an incident happened before another incident in past, it is preferable to use past perfect for the former and simple past for the later. The incidents took control and marked the beginning are both expressed in simple past incorrectly. The modifier which stopped…. wrongly refers to empire. stopped and ensuring are not parallel.

B. The incidents took control and were unsuccessful are both expressed in simple past incorrectly. The pronoun it is ambiguous.

C. Correct. The verb had taken is correctly expressed in past perfect since it happened before another incident (marked) in past. The modifier starting with present participle stopping the advance…..correctly modifies the entire clause – their unsuccessful siege …..the long decline of their empire – preceding it.

D. Using present perfect – “…have been unsuccessful” – is incorrect because the event completed in past.

E. The expression “unsuccessfully sieged” is awkward. The sentence wrongly implies that the Turks marked the beginning of the long decline, stopped the advance of Islam and ensured that Christian religion and culture would dominate.

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Joined: 03 Sep 2016
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24 Nov 2016, 08:31
isn't it a bit awkward to place a coma before the word "and" because ... stopping... and ensuring... --> only 2 things to compare?
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2900
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

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26 Nov 2016, 03:39
oldest wrote:
isn't it a bit awkward to place a coma before the word "and" because ... stopping... and ensuring... --> only 2 things to compare?

Generally a comma is not to be used for 2 items, but here the usage is justified because there is another nested "and" just before, and for clarity the author has used the comma.
Intern
Joined: 26 Jan 2016
Posts: 1

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16 Jun 2017, 02:07
HI

Plz advise if the use of modifiers in the option D is correct?

Although the Ottoman Turks who were led by Suleiman II, had taken control of Rhodes and much of the Mediterranean, they have been unsuccessful in sieging Vienna in 1529, MARKING the beginning of the long decline of their empire, stopping the advance of Islam into central and western Europe, and ensuring that the Christian rather than the Muslim religion and culture would dominate the region.
Intern
Joined: 06 Jun 2018
Posts: 45
Location: India
Schools: IIMA PGPX"20 (D)
GMAT 1: 640 Q47 V30
GMAT 2: 540 Q42 V22
GPA: 3.7

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09 Jun 2018, 01:27
Team,

@sayantanc2k; @Bunuel; @chetan2u;

I am in for option C and agree with it. However I have question around sentence structure when "although" is used here. Sentence starts with # Although subject verb ....., their unsuccessful ....# Here what I want to say it is appropriate to say # Although subject verb ...., they [subject] verb # and so I was looking at option B which I know not correct in verb forms but for correct Although structure option B is well suited.

Do you agree ? I am convinced with contrast not being set properly.

N Avinash.
Intern
Joined: 10 Oct 2017
Posts: 13

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21 Oct 2018, 09:00
Option D has another flaw. The sentence- "Although the Ottoman Turks 'who were led by Suleiman II' " ambiguosly means that only the Ottoman Turks who were working for Suleiman II made the following deeds and not the other Ottoman Turks who were not under him.

So it is always suggested to point out all possible mistakes that an option has, for explanations. It ll give the students a vivid understanding.

I hope it helps.
Re V11-21   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2018, 09:00
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# V11-21

Moderators: chetan2u, Bunuel

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