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V32-08

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V32-08  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2018, 01:43
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

83% (00:34) correct 17% (00:23) wrong based on 29 sessions

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The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen, a type of rock, is a protected natural monument in Germany and has an abundance of fossils that are of interest to geologists and paleontologists, and they have determined the age of the rock to be 18.5 million years.

A. has an abundance of fossils that are of interest to geologists and paleontologists, and they have
B. have an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, who has
C. have an abundance of fossils that is of interest to geologists and paleontologists, who have
D. has an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, and they has
E. has an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, who have

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Re V32-08  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2018, 01:43
Official Solution:

The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen, a type of rock, is a protected natural monument in Germany and has an abundance of fossils that are of interest to geologists and paleontologists, and they have determined the age of the rock to be 18.5 million years.

A. has an abundance of fossils that are of interest to geologists and paleontologists, and they have
B. have an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, who has
C. have an abundance of fossils that is of interest to geologists and paleontologists, who have
D. has an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, and they has
E. has an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, who have



A review of our answer choices shows a split in verb forms: has/have and is/are. There is also a split in the use of creating a new independent clause or using a relative clause.

Let's start by looking at the portion of the sentence that is not underlined and thus it cannot be changed. "The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen, a type of rock, is a protected natural monument." The subject is "the Turritellenplatte of Ermingen" and the verb is "is." "Is" is the present tense third-person singular of "be," so our subject is singular.

The first portion of the sentence uses two verbs for the subject "the Turritellenplatte of Ermingen." The second verb must also be a present tense third-person singular form. "Has" is the present tense third-person singular, and "have" is present tense third-person plural. Options B and C use "have," so they cannot be the correct answers.

Some answer choices use the phrase "that is/are of interest to" instead of using "that interest." The unnecessary use of a "be" verb makes these sentences wordy. Options A and D cannot be the best answers.

Now, let's look at the they/who issue. It is not wrong to create a new sentence using the conjunction "and" and the pronoun "they." It is also not wrong to create a relative clause using "who." It is more concise to use "who." Some could even argue that the pronoun "they" does not have a clear antecedent and that it could be either the geologists and the paleontologists or the fossils. However, the fossils cannot "determine" anything on their own, so the antecedent cannot be that unclear. Since we should practice the principle of concision when possible, the options that create a second independent clause should be eliminated. Options A and D cannot be the best answers.

Should "has" or "have" be used with "who"? It depends on the noun "who" is modifying. In this case, geologists and paleontologists are plural, so the plural verb should be used. "Who have" is correct. Option B cannot be the best answer.

We have successfully eliminated four answer choices. Option E is the best answer.

Answer: E
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Re: V32-08  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2018, 22:54
souvik101990 wrote:
Official Solution:

The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen, a type of rock, is a protected natural monument in Germany and has an abundance of fossils that are of interest to geologists and paleontologists, and they have determined the age of the rock to be 18.5 million years.

A. has an abundance of fossils that are of interest to geologists and paleontologists, and they have
B. have an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, who has
C. have an abundance of fossils that is of interest to geologists and paleontologists, who have
D. has an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, and they has
E. has an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, who have



A review of our answer choices shows a split in verb forms: has/have and is/are. There is also a split in the use of creating a new independent clause or using a relative clause.

Let's start by looking at the portion of the sentence that is not underlined and thus it cannot be changed. "The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen, a type of rock, is a protected natural monument." The subject is "the Turritellenplatte of Ermingen" and the verb is "is." "Is" is the present tense third-person singular of "be," so our subject is singular.

The first portion of the sentence uses two verbs for the subject "the Turritellenplatte of Ermingen." The second verb must also be a present tense third-person singular form. "Has" is the present tense third-person singular, and "have" is present tense third-person plural. Options B and C use "have," so they cannot be the correct answers.

Some answer choices use the phrase "that is/are of interest to" instead of using "that interest." The unnecessary use of a "be" verb makes these sentences wordy. Options A and D cannot be the best answers.

Now, let's look at the they/who issue. It is not wrong to create a new sentence using the conjunction "and" and the pronoun "they." It is also not wrong to create a relative clause using "who." It is more concise to use "who." Some could even argue that the pronoun "they" does not have a clear antecedent and that it could be either the geologists and the paleontologists or the fossils. However, the fossils cannot "determine" anything on their own, so the antecedent cannot be that unclear. Since we should practice the principle of concision when possible, the options that create a second independent clause should be eliminated. Options A and D cannot be the best answers.

Should "has" or "have" be used with "who"? It depends on the noun "who" is modifying. In this case, geologists and paleontologists are plural, so the plural verb should be used. "Who have" is correct. Option B cannot be the best answer.

We have successfully eliminated four answer choices. Option E is the best answer.

Answer: E


I have selected A between A and E because 'who' is referring to only paleontologists but the intended meaning is both paleontologists and geologists have determined together. In fact, usage of they was clear as there was no ambiguity for the antecedent. The usage of , who is similar to usage of , which, isn't it?
Thoughts anyone?
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Re V32-08  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2018, 22:40
I don't agree with the explanation. A should be the answer?

Choice between A&E

Parallel structure is maintained best in A
"and has"
"and they have"
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Re: V32-08  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 08:50
akshaykotha wrote:

I have selected A between A and E because 'who' is referring to only paleontologists but the intended meaning is both paleontologists and geologists have determined together. In fact, usage of they was clear as there was no ambiguity for the antecedent. The usage of , who is similar to usage of , which, isn't it?
Thoughts anyone?


generis

Can you help with above query?
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V32-08  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2018, 16:30
1
souvik101990 wrote:
The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen, a type of rock, is a protected natural monument in Germany and has an abundance of fossils that are of interest to geologists and paleontologists, and they have determined the age of the rock to be 18.5 million years.

A. has an abundance of fossils that are of interest to geologists and paleontologists, and they have

E. has an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, who have

Harshgmat wrote:
akshaykotha wrote:

I have selected A between A and E because 'who' is referring to only paleontologists but the intended meaning is both paleontologists and geologists have determined together. In fact, usage of they was clear as there was no ambiguity for the antecedent. The usage of , who is similar to usage of , which, isn't it?
Thoughts anyone?

generis

Can you help with above query?

Harshgmat , sure.

akshaykotha wrote
Quote:
'who' is referring to only paleontologists

Not quite right. Given the way that relative pronouns are typically taught,
I can understand why someone would think that who and which
refer to only one immediately preceding noun.

That belief, though, is mistaken.

WHICH and WHO and other relative pronouns
such as that can and do refer to "compound antecedents."


This post, here addresses the same issue.

A plural antecedent consists of one noun that is, well, plural: cookies, houses, people

Correct: After snowstorms, Zi Yuen shoveled driveways and sidewalks of houses owned
by elderly people, who were often not strong enough to remove the heavy snow.

• A compound antecedent consists of two or more parallel nouns that can be singular or plural.

WHICH with two antecedents
-- Correct: Despite the pressure created by the editor's demand that Emmeline submit two short works within 48 hours,
Emmeline drafted a complicated short story and a well-argued essay, which she emailed to the editor five minutes before the deadline.

WHICH refers both to the short story and to the essay.
We could write "both of which" she emailed, but the use of which alone to refer to both the short story and the essay is allowed.

-- Correct (example from the linked post above):
Declining values for farm equipment and land, which farmers use as collateral to borrow against to get through the harvest season,
are going to force many lenders to tighten or deny credit this spring.

WHO with three antecedents
-- Correct: Hina, Antonie, and Susanna, who met at a coffee shop years ago and became close friends, vacation together once a year.

WHO refers to all three women

• In the sentence in the topic question, WHO correctly refers to both paleontologists and geologists.

The Turritellenplatte of Ermingen, a type of rock, is a monument in Germany and has an abundance of fossils that interest geologists and paleontologists, who have determined the age of the rock to be 18.5 million years.

I hope that analysis helps.
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V32-08   [#permalink] 22 Dec 2018, 16:30
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